Abandoned quarries and reservoirs for Floating Solar

Abandoned quarries and reservoirs for Floating Solar

Cave dismesse fotovoltaico flottante galleggiante Home

EX – QUARRIES AND RESERVOIRS FOR FLOATING SOLAR

OBJECTIVES :

IBS Energy not only is at the forefront when it comes to Grid Parity ground – mounted photovoltaics, but also focuses on the development of Photovoltaic Installations, fixed or with solar trackers in abandoned quarries/bodies of water . How ? Thanks to a floating installation with a cooling system, enhanced by solar mirrors to collect and concentrate incident solar radiation . IBS, as developer and supplier of photovoltaic installations, via floating plants promots their environmental integration . The benefits of the floating application are not only inexpensive, thanks to an increase in production, but also environmental, as there is a greater protection of water resources by reducing its evaporation . There are also benefits such as the recovery of degraded areas e.g. abandoned ex – quarries that, without a recovery plan, could turn into uncontrolled illegal landfills with environmental and health risks .

TO WHOM IS THIS COMMUNICATION ADDRESSED ?

- Owners of lands, quarries and reservoirs
- Signalmen, business operators and technicians ( surveyors, engineers, architects, etc. )
- Developers, Investors and Consultants
- Power companies
- Other relevant activities

WHAT DOES THE FLOATING SOLAR ENTAIL ?

It is a patented installation, developed and marketed in 2010, that consists of a structure or metal frame properly coupled with some floating elements, which allows the presence of a photovoltaic installation able to float on water, both in ex quarries or in resevoirs flooded by water .

HOW DOES THE FLOATING SOLAR WORK ?

Solar radiation is collected via a properly designed structure where the Photovoltaic Panels are fixed . It is a structure that can be made of aluminium (Al) or stainless steel and that supports photovoltaic modules constituted by photovoltaic cells . To optimize the irradiance and energy production, it is possible to change the inclination of the floating PV panels . The floating solar uses floats, characterized by a strong floating capacity on fluids, combined with HDPE supporting structures . A floating solar installation is a modular system, which can be implemented to form larger stand – alone installations, depending on the surface of the ex – quarry or reservoir . How ? Thanks to floating structures that usually aggregate 4 panels, which can be joined to form larger islands . The system is designed to maximize electricity production using floating PV structures . Thanks to the proximity to water surface, and the reflected light that is conveyed on high performance photovoltaic panels, the production of the floating photovoltaic system can increase by 10 % to 20 %, compared to a similar system installed on the ground .

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN GROUND – MOUNTED AND FLOATING PHOTOVOLTAIC

What differentiates a traditional photovoltaic from a floating photovoltaic installation, simply known as a floating solar ? Instead of referring to a ground-mounted photovoltaic arranged on a surface that remains motionless we refer to a fluid element, water . Therefore, these installations, not only are provided with the same technology and latest generation photovoltaic panels, but are also implemented with specific technologies that allow the installations themselves to float on diversified surfaces and bodies of water .

EXAMPLES OF SURFACES AND BODIES OF WATER :

- Ex – mine quarries ( mine quarries now flooded by water and abandoned )
- Natural or artificial lakes and reservoirs
- Catchment reservoirs for drinking water
- Lakes and reservoirs for agricultural and/or storage irrigation
- Large waste water treatment plants
- Large sedimentation tanks
- Hydroelectric dams and mountain lakes
- Lakes, ponds, lagoons
- etc.

EVOLUTION AND HISTORY OF THE FLOATING SOLAR

Although, until 2016, this type of installation was carried out almost exclusively in protected areas with small sized installations, it is now in an experimental stage on large surfaces, and in unprotected places such as open seas or lakes . This is also due to the growing interest in this technology that is expected to undergo a strong development, soon reaching over 1 GW of installed capacity worldwide, and then achieve far more important results quickly . All of this has been possible thanks to some Singapore experiments, that by using Japanese, Italian, Korean and French technologies has installed floating photovoltaics in huge drinking water reserves . Therefore, excellent results in terms of energy production have been achieved . Subsequently, the same technology has experienced a significant growth on a global scale .

Ex Cave discariche dighe bacini idrici fotovoltaico flottante

SUMMARY OF THE ADVANTAGES OF A FLOATING SOLAR

WHAT ARE THE ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ?

- A low environmental impact, a positive or at most a neutral one with no danger to the balance between the ecosystems ;
- Evaporation is reduced by covering the surface of water ;
- The organoleptic qualities of water are improved by limiting the algae bloom through the shading performed by the platform ;
- The gradual erosion of the reservoirs is significantly reduced thanks to a reduction in the wave motion and the wave action .

WHAT ARE THE SOCIAL BENEFITS ?

- It is possible to limit the use of soil and to store land and water as valuable sources for more important purposes ;
- It is possible to recover and rehabilitate contaminated areas ,e.g. ex – quarries, and at the same time produce clean energy ;
- it is a technology that not only has a good appearance, but also a full compatibility with recreational activities .

WHAT ARE THE ECONOMIC BENEFITS ?

- To convert abandoned areas, such as abandoned quarries, into productive and profitable areas ;
- To significantly reduce major infrastructure investments and the connection to the national electricity costs ;
- To reduce the timing and to speed up the processes of development and the obtaining of permits, although in the presence of abandoned quarries these are already faster, as they do not require all the steps expected by an Environmental Impact Assessment EIA demand ;
- To improve electricity production .

HOW TO SEND INFORMATION ON AN ABANDONED QUARRY / RESERVOIR

IBS thanks anyone who sends information and is interested in collaborating in the reporting or development of this type of photovoltaic installations in abandoned quarries or reservoirs .

EN EX QUARRIES AND RESERVOIRS FOR FLOATING SOLAR

Floating Solar Project

SITE CHECK – LIST :

Name of the reservoir : ________________________ ** If it does not have a name, state name, city or country **

Type of reservoir : ** Select the appropriate entry **
o Abandoned quarry and flooded mines
o Storage reservoir
o Irrigation reservoir
o Water treatment tank
o Rain water storage tanks
o Industrial reservoir/ hydroelectric dam
o Lakes, ponds, lagoons
o Other to be specified____________________________

Location: _______________________________

** Attach a Google Earth kmz file, GPS coordinates or a Google Maps link **

HIGH WATER LEVEL: _________ ( meters )

** To design shape and size of the installations, and so avoid a collusion with the bank **
** Levels above sea level or above bottom level ( bottom = 0 ) **
** Enter expected levels in the next 25 years **

BANK LEVEL : _______ ( meters )

BOTTOM WATER LEVEL : ________ ( meters )

LOW WATER LEVEL : _________ ( meters )

** Can be the same as the bottom **

BANK SOIL COMPOSITION : _________________________________________________

** To evaluate the anchor system suitable for the type of soil on the bottom: muddy, sandy, stony **
** Density : soft, average, hard **

BOTTOM SOIL COMPOSITION : ___________________________________________________________

IS THE RESERVOIR COVERED WITH GEOTEXILE OR MEMBRANE ? ___________________________________________
ON THE BANK ? ___________________________
ON THE BOTTOM ? ___________________________

ELECTRICAL DESIGN

Type of use of the produced photovoltaic energy : ** Select the appropriate entry **

Self -consumption
Onsite exchange ( up to 500 kWp)
Feed – in

Installed power required : ** Select the appropriate entry **

o MWp (dc)
o MVA (ac)

Individual module power : __________ W

** If a specific photovoltaic module is needed, send us a technical sheet **
** It is preferrable for a module to be made up of 72 cells to reduce the number of modules per installed capacity . If the specific power is not specified, a module with 72 cells will be designed .**
** Preferred voltage level system ( DC ): 1,000 V 1,500 V **

Network connection point location : _______________________________________

** Example: GPS coordinates << southeast from the basin >>**

MORE INFORMATION

Floating solar project relevant information :

- Site – specific conditions : _______________________________________________________
- Wind maximum speed : _______________________________________________________
- Network connection : ____________________________________________________________
- Maintenance of the reservoir : ___________________________________________________________

ATTACHMENTS :

- Bathymetric and topographic maps ( dwg, CAD files )
- Technical sheets of the photovoltaic modules / inverters
- Site photos .

cave miniere fotovoltaico galleggiante vantaggi

DOWNLOAD AREA

DOWNLOAD PDF WITH THE INFORMATION

Click here to download : FLOATING SOLAR CHECK – LIST

CONTACT US

Contact us at the following e-mail to send the core data of an abandoned quarry / reservoir for an installation of a floating solar or to receive further information :
floating mail ibs energy

BASIC INFORMATION :

- Name of the company/ contact person
- Core business
- Google Earth location of the quarry / reservoir
- Illustrate the site and its conditions

Thank you for your cooperation

cave dismesse fotovoltaico floating contatti

INFORMATION ON THE FLOATING SOLAR

Detailed analysis of the floating solar advantages :

The advantages that a floating solar system has if installed e.g. in an ex – quarry, compared to not floating traditional photovoltaic systems :

MINIMUM LAND CONSUMPTION that can be used for agricultural purposes : as floating installations are installed in water reservoirs ‘’ they do not consume land ’’, except for the components that allow connection to the national electricity grid . The use of the floating solar is strategic especially in foreign countries or even in Italy, where valuable soil and lands are protected by the Regions that outstand in the agri – food sector, or where flat terrain is scarce and particularly expensive . It is therefore necessary to preserve agricultural land, especially in areas with high population density, so that they are used for greater public utility purposes . It is also important not to take away territories from the rural habitat in areas with a balance between fauna and flora, and to find alternative ways of producing energy without adversely affecting the territory, the environment and the landscape, bringing together energy independence with the purpose of safeguarding the territory itself and ensuring the hydraulic safety of the concerned areas .

ABSENCE OF STRUCTURES : as they float, floating solar installations do not need to build or provide structures / infrastructures to support/ orient the panels . Furthermore, these structures show how important the installation decomissioning phase and the restoration of the pre – existing environmental condition and status are .

WATER SAVING : in the case of areas intended for irrigation or human consumption, if we reduce evaporation of the underlying water to a maximum of 80 %, we obtain a great water saving . Considering the gradual and constant decline in fresh water on the globe and given that, thanks to these floating installations there is a reduction in evaporation of over 80 % on an annual basis, such technologies should be subsidised in arid countries with scarce water reserves through EU policies . In fact in arid countries, water is always scarce. And so, by preserving water resources with floating solar installations, e.g. in rainwater collection tanks / aqueduct basins, important results and benefits for the population would be reached, also avoiding exodus in periods of greatest drought, reducing the migratory phenomena .

EFFICIENCY INCREASE : the output of floating panels is higher when compared to ground – mounted installations . This is showed by studies on operating installations, especially in areas close to the ground, where summer high temperatures lead to a reduction in the output and life span of photovoltaic panels . With the same size or other characteristic elements of the installation, a floating photovoltaic park, e.g. installed in an ex – quarry, compared to the same one installed on the ground, can lead to an increase from 7 to 15 % of the produced electricity .

LOW MAINTENANCE : as they are installed on water, photovoltaic panels do not need frequent cleaning that is instead necessary on the ground, especially for floating solar in abandoned quarries in dusty areas . The amount of dust above the surface of water, in the air above it, is minor if compared to the mainland, as the dust raised by the wind near the bodies of water does not get past the shore . In addition, another benefit is being able to avoid cutting the grass or vegetation that grows under the ground – mounted installations. Finally, soil levelling activities, especially in ex – quarries with particular extracted materials or initial preparation costs of the site, are absent or reduced to a minimum .

LOWER SOLAR TRACKING AND COOLING COSTS : Compared to the ground – mounted photovoltaic, e.g. in an abandoned quarry, water makes the implementing of solar – tracking plant technologies and panels cooling operations easier, which is fundamental, especially in summer, in territories with strong solar irradiance . These floating technologies cause an increase in the energy produced that can go up to 20 % regarding the solar tracking, and 10 % when it comes to the cooling of the panels .

GREATER RECYCLABILITY OF COMPONENTS another benefit to the environment, thanks to the minimal presence of fixed infrastructures, is that of maximising the use of recyclable materials in the floating solar, as the building and implementation of these installations provide a greater use of mainly HDPE ( high density polyethilene ), aluminium and steel materials .

RECOVERY OF ABANDONED QUARRIES : it is common to find many abandoned quarries that were then flooded by water, and the installation of floating solar allows the realization of a control of the area . Therefore, an investment of money in trasforming them is avoided, and the risk of them ending up in abusive uncontrolled landfills is excluded .

INTEGRATED STORAGE AND STAND – ALONE INSTALLATION : The application of floating solar is compatible with integrated storage systems to allow photovoltaic installations to be energetically independent and autonomous . For example, in Italy, in small islands, it is difficult to find appropriate spaces to house generating plants and solar parks through ground – mounted PV . Large parks, even if eligible in terms of host areas, would have high electricity production costs . This is because they are often far from infrastructures that allow a cheap connection to the national electricity grid . On the other hand, by identifying existing areas and reservoirs which have not been used ( or flooded abandoned quarries ), even close to energy-intensive or high energy consumption users ( urban and industrial areas ), thanks to floating installations the high costs and losses of energy, which the electricity infrastructures involve in terms of transport, distribution and transmission, would be significantly reduced .

GREATER EFFICIENCY : the high efficiency, if compared to ground – mounted installations of equal power , is favored by the proximity of photovoltaic solar panels to water, that cools the silicon cells in moments of greater production, increasing the efficiency . Light, reflected by water thanks to its reflective properties ( unlike the ground ), makes a major contribution in terms of efficiency, especially at high latitudes . In winter, however, properties, in terms of water heat exchange, determine a mitigating effect on the panels, which can defrost faster with the result of gaining up to an hour of production per day .

FLOATING AND GROUND – MOUNTED PHOTOVOLTAICS : EQUAL COSTS BUT GREATER BENEFITS in addition to ensuring a significant increase in production, the floating solar avoids consuming soil, preserves water reserves and reduces water evaporation . Furthermore, it has costs that are similar to the ground – mounted photovoltaic . Therefore, if you have an abandoned quarry/ artificial or natural water reservoir, with a significant consumption of electricity, choosing a floating solar instead of a traditional system would be an absolutely winning choice .

FLOATING SOLAR AND DAMS : a photovoltaic park installed near hydroelectric plants with re – pumping stations would allow the use of sun ’s energy to implement the system, thanks to storage technologies in the form of potential energy . This technology fits perfectly in the case of dams, reservoirs, quarry lakes, storage irrigation tanks, water treatment and conditioning tanks . These are generally well irradiated by the sun, protected, and sometimes close to energy – intensive consumption sites, and therefore are ideal candidates for floating solar.

NEGATIVE ASPECTS OF THE FLOATING SOLAR

Some associations for the protection of the environment have expressed their concerns about installations of this type, that through installations in quarries or bodies of water could generate critical situations in case of nests placed by animals under the panels of the floating solar . Therefore, efforts are made to find solutions with a low environmental impact to avoid, as far as possible, the use of areas of environmental value, or of a particular faunal importance, and give priority to sites in degraded areas or pre-existing artificial areas .
The impact on aquatic fauna and flora that could be disturbed by this type of installation on water surfaces is still being verified . However, there are several studies conducted by neutral third – party organizations, including Gumi Electronic & IT Research Institute ( GER ) and Korean KETEP, the Korean Environment Institute ( KEI ), according to which adverse environmental effects would not appear to be determined . However, these studies will continue to ensure a non – negative impact on the environment, also trying to improve the installations to make them even more environmentally friendly .

cave miniere recupero con il fotovoltaico

QUARRIES OVERVIEW

A quarry is a type of open – pit mine in which dimension stone, rock, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, gravel, or slate is excavated from the ground. In Italy, the operation of quarries is regulated under the provisions of Royal Decree no. 1443 of 29 July 1927 .

DESCRIPTION OF THE QUARRIES

Quarry materials are :
- building, road and hydraulic constructions materials ;
- peat ;
- quartz, diatomaceous earth, silica sands, gritstones, sharpening stones, soil with coloured pigments ;
- materials not defined as mines materials in the decree .

MOST COMMON QUARRIES AND QUARRIES MATERIALS :

- clay quarries to obtain bricks ;
- sand and gravel quarries to make concrete ;
- silica quarries to make glass and ceramics ;
- limestone quarries to make cement ;
- chalk quarries ;
- decoration and building stone quarries : marble, granite, gneiss ( e.g. serizzo, Luserna stone ), sandstone ( e.g. Macigno, Trani stone ), travertine, slate and strain quarries .
Mining can only be carried out after a state concessione has been granted . On the other hand, bogs and quarries are regulated by the landowner and are subject to regional legislation .

TYPES OF QUARRIES

Quarries, and mines too, can be :
- pit quarries / mines
- underground quarries / mines
- open – pit quarries / mines
Open – pit quarries are the most common ones, but there also is underground quarrying, often in the case of valuable materials ( Carrara marble quarries and Milan cathedral Candoglia marble quarries ).

In the case of ornamental stone quarries ( e.g. marble and granite quarry ) equipment and technologies are used to detach large, regular and free of defects boulders . The boulder is detached from the wall thanks to sharp cuts, done using specific machines such as chain saw cutting machine and diamond wire cutting machine .

QUARRYING AND MINING ACTIVITIES ( 2016 )

- 5.273 active and non – active mining sites, 5.137 quarries and 136 mines
- 6,2 % less than 2015
- Among 25 % of Italian municipalties, about 2.013 reported at least 1 mining site ;
- 2.295 active sites, of which 2.227 quarries and 68 mines, that extract 167,8 million tons of non – energy minerals ;
- 83,8 % quarry minerals equal to 154 milion tons ; limestone, travertine, chalk , sandstone which equals to 48,6 % of the total quarrying ;
- 44 % of the quarrying done in Nothern Italy which is equal to 68 milion tons ; Lombardy in the lead for number of quarries in production ( 273) and it’s the 14,4 % of the total quarrying ;
- solid minerals dug up from mines which is equal to 13,7 million tons ;
- Ceramic and industrial minerals equal to 5,7 milion tons, cement marl equal to 5,5 milion tons ; and the 58,5 % of the production in Sardinia, Tuscany, Umbria ;
- Mine minerals, mineral water extraction equal to 16,2 milion cubic meters, of which 57 % in north Italy: Lombardy with 3,3 milion cubic meters, Piedmont and Veneto with 50,7 % of the country ’s total .

https://web.archive.org/web/20120119011423/http://www.autorita.bacinoserchio.it/normative/norme_generali/cave/rd_1443_1927 on autorita.bacinoserchio.it

https://web.archive.org/web/20101205121544/http://www.ambientediritto.it/Legislazione/CAVE/cave%20e%20torbiere.htm

quarries and bogs’ legislation

https://www.istat.it/it/archivio/226030

http://www.cngeologi.it/t/cave-e-miniere/

https://unmig.mise.gov.it/images/docs/Attivit-estrattive-da-cave-e-miniere-2017.pdf

https://unmig.mise.gov.it/images/docs/Istat-report-attivit-estrattive-2015-2016.pdf

https://www.aitecweb.com/Sostenibilit%C3%A0/Attivit%C3%A0-estrattiva

https://ambiente.regione.emilia-romagna.it/it/suolo-bacino/servizi/pubblicazioni/servizio-difesa-del-suolo-della-costa-e-bonifica/pdf/manuale-per-il-recupero-e-la-riqualificazione-ambientale-delle-cave-in-emilia-romagna

USEFUL LINKS :

https://www.ageve.it/it/impianto-fotovoltaico-galleggiante

https://nrg-energia.com/fotovoltaico-galleggiante/

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fotovoltaico_flottante

Crocus Sativus

Sativus Saffron Bulbs

Sativus Crocus Saffron bulbs

Sativus Saffron highest quality order now

Saffron Bulbs

Wholesale Organic Crocus Sativus

IBS has direct relationship with an Agricultural Holding that produces bulbs of Crocus Sativus Saffron ( organic product as well ) and it is able to support a buyer in the finalisation of the DAP purchase and delivery of bulbs ( free at destination ) at the Client Company stock in the whole European customs territory and in the countries outside EU .

Prices are competitive and the best quality of bulbs is ensured . They are delivered through specialised logistics service .

CONTACT US FOR A COMMERCIAL OFFER :

For getting a quote, please make contact with our Commercial Area, filling out the CONTACT FORM that follows or contact a manager at the following telephone number : +39 348 2920146 .

In order to make this commercial process more efficient, please write in the request :

- Number of bulbs
- Size of bulbs
- In which month would you like the planting of bulbs

Thank you for the cooperation.

contact IBS by mail

Saffron Crocus Sativus

OUR COMPANY

In 1900 our Grandfather began to cultivate bulbs . At that time he started out small while he bred cows . He handled tulips, daffodils, crocuses, gladioli and irises . From one generation to another this business of bulbs became more important and therefore it was expanded . After spending some time growing flowers and plants, our father continued to cultivate bulbs .

SPECIALIZATION

IN CROCUS SATIVUS AND IN UNCOMMON FLOWER BULB SPECIES

He focused on growing different varieties of uncommon bulb species, such as Kaiser ‘s crown , Colchicum, Allium and Ixia . About thirty years ago, a flower bulb species known as Crocus Sativus was bought . Learning information about this variety made us understand that we just found our tresor . It lighted up our interest and vision to expand our growing capacity . Our biggest seller is now Crocus Sativus Saffron .

THE GREAT SUPPLIER

OF CROCUS SATIVUS BULBS

By the years, our company has considerably developed and today we are great suppliers of Crocus sativus bulbs in the Netherlands . We cooperate with numerous renowned flower bulb growers . We sell and export our non – organic and organic saffron bulbs to customers around the world . We are able to provide our customers with information and assist them in creating their saffron cultivation because we have more than 30 years of experience in the cultivation and production of these products .

BULBS SIZE OF CROCUS SATIVUS

Our Company sells various sorts of Bulbs, both certified organic and non – organic, of various sizes . Here are some photos :

non organic corms bulbs saffron

organic corms bulbs saffron

Wholesale of Crocus Sativus Bulbs

DETAILED INFORMATION ON CROCUS SATIVUS SAFFRON

Crocus Sativus Saffron Flowers

WHAT IS SAFFRON

Saffron (/ˈsæfrən/ or /ˈsæfrɒn /) is known as the spice that comes from Crocus sativus Linnaeus . This species of crocus are part of the family of Iridaceae and it is also called the saffron crocus, saffron bulbs or saffron corms as well .

CROCUS SATIVUS LINNAEUS

Crocus sativus L. is a plant that is mainly herbaceous . This plant sprouts from a globular bulb that creates other bulbs that will become crocuses and they will produce more bulbs . Crocus sativus has thin green leaves, vivid red stigmas that extend in the petals, yellow stamens and three precious, they are very long ( 25 – 30 mm ) and perfumed lavender blooms with purple veins . These three types of stigmas are in the blossoms of this crocus and they are the actual saffron .

They are dried and used for drugs, pigmentation aims and food flavouring . As to the dye for food and flavouring, stigmas are well known in the world as saffron spice , i.e. the most costly spice in the world . The quality and quantity of labor in this spice ’s harvesting has a very high market value .

CROCUS SATIVUS

THE ROYAL SAFFRON

Saffron Flowers Crocus Sativus

THE CROCUS SATIVUS

Saffron spice offers a unique bittersweet flavour, for example like hay and honey . Everyone should taste it in order to realize exactly how does it taste . Saffron tastes as bittersweet as it smells . Some say, “ it does taste like the sea .” Some say, “ it ’s mush – roomy, and smoky ”. And some say, “ it ’s metallic, with whiff of seashells and honey tones .”

MORE ABOUT SAFFRON

On our internet site we describe more about this singular and particular spice that has been cultivated for more than 4000 years and has different scopes . You can discover more details on the history of saffron and its various scopes in the present and past . We can inform you more about the saffron cultivation and how you can create your own nursery as well .

CROCUS SATIVUS

SAFFRON ’S COMPONENTS

WHICH ELEMENTS MAKE SAFFRON SO SINGULAR

Parts of Saffron Flower Crocus Sativus

Thanks to its folkloric fame as a medicinal herb that heals a lot of illnesses, the modern medicine tries to explain the mystery of saffron, studying its properties and taking advantage from various potentials, that are given to the medical field . Therefore, more than a hundred chemical components are isolated and are accessible for medical commercial applications as well . The most important parts of saffron are : picrocrocin, which provides the bittersweet, rusty flavour ; crocin, which offers the yellow pigmentation from the stigmas and safranal, which gives the earthy aroma to the saffron .

Crocin Chemical Formula

Picrocrocin Chemical Formula

Safranal Chemical Formula

The chemicals elements in saffron can be ranked according to their volatility, or its absence . The main non – volatile elements include α – crocin, crocin, carotenoids that has zeaxanthin, lycopene and both alpha – and beta – carotenes, picrocrocin, and crocetin . The main volatile parts have terpene, terpene esters, and terpene alcohol . Furthermore, safranal is a volatile composite made by picrocrocin thanks to the contact with enzymes and heat in the drying process .

Picrocrocin and crocin are really sensitive to air and light . This explains why saffron should be kept in airtight containers and laid away in a dark and cool place when they are not used . The subjection to sunlight and atmospheric oxygen could create oxidation that will hardly decrease the properties of picrocin and crocin, damaging the saffron quality . Saffron ’s anti – oxidant properties are also studied for the use on drugs against depression, cancer and other neuron – degenerative disorders .

Saffron ‘s anti – inflammatory properties are also given by the elements of the crocus petals : anthocyanins flavonoids and tannins . In fact, flavonoids have, hesperidin, rutin, luteolin, bioflavonoids and quercetin . For people who love saffron, the basic chemical transformations happen when they use it ; this can sound weird to them, but it ’s fundamental that they know that saffron offers them giddy feeling, light that seems to make promises that everything will be fine .

THE CROCUS SATIVUS SAFFRON CULTIVATION

Grow saffron crocus sativus

Saffron is collected from the blossoms of Crocus sativus ( Iridaceae ), called saffron bulbs or saffron crocus . It is spread by corms, a type of bulbs . Each corm creates new bulbs, and in this way plants increase . Saffron flowers appear in autumn and red stigmas are harvested with the name of saffron threads, from which the spice comes from . Every blossom provides three stigmas that are carefully picked by hand . Flowers have to be harvested before noon time since they wither simply . This process is meticulous and monotonous . For this reason saffron is so precious and in fact it is known as red gold .

Saffron crocus can be found in countries like, India, Iran, Morocco, New Zealand, Italy, Pennsylvania, Spain, Afghanistan, France, Portugal, some parts of China, Turkey and Greece . Since this plant has spread in disparate areas of the world, saffron planting and cultivation techniques might be different , depending on the type of soil, spacing of corms, depth of planting and climate .

Saffron Flowers in Field Crocus Sativus

SOIL

The Crocus sativus matures in disparate soil types but it is better if it grows in humus – rich, well – drained and calcareous soil with a pH between 6 and 8 . Saffron corms can develop in dry or semi – dry soil types, by the way, you have to bear in mind, that during drought periods in autumn and spring, you need to irrigate the land . If you make saffron corms grow in semi – wet or wet soil types you have to be sure that your land is well – drained in order to block corms from infections or rotting during times of wet weather .

CLIMATE

For the cultivation of saffron, we require a climatological summer and winter with temperatures between from –15 Celsius degrees or – 20 Celsius degrees in winter, to about no more than 35 Celsius degrees or 40 Celsius degrees in summer . This is the reason why saffron is also cultivated in continental, dry and moderate climate types but not in polar or tropical climate types . Due to the fact that Crocus sativus is a bulbous heat – tolerant plant, hot and dry summers won’t be an obstacle . By the way, during winter periods and temperatures, it’s possible that leaves could dry – freeze, i.e. corms will grow less and for this it will give less saffron .

When strong frost threatens your saffron field, we have to to cover the plants with straw or fibre cloth for protection and you can take off the covers when frost disappears . In dry climatological periods in spring time, irrigation is crucial . In this time, regular rainfall is optimal for the corms growing, and this means higher yields of flowers and daughter corms .

PLANTING

When you plant saffron corms for the first time, you should opt for a unused patch of land, where no other saffron corms or tubers grew up there, if it is feasible ( whether not, none in the last ten years at least ). Before planting, it is good to plow the soil 20 to 50 centimetres deep maintaining the planting beds well – aired and loose, including organic fertilizer in the process . Especially the type of soil in Spain requires this kind of preparation .

For the saffron cultivation, planting corms on raised beds is optimal to safeguard drainage and irrigation . Irrigation must be be very low when the corms begin to grow leaves . In July, planting starts, August and September by hand or by machine, and the harvesting comes at the end of October to mid – November, about eight weeks after the plantation . Saffron crocuses are sun – worshipping plants, therefore they must be planted in dry open fields and not in shade .

Usually, corms are seeded between 7 – 15 centimetres deep in the soil . The deeper they are planted, the less the corms can increase, but there will be a higher quality of the blossoms made .

Saffron bulbs before cleaning Crocus Sativus

SEEDBED SYSTEM

Let’s discover the “row system” in planting corms. Every row is generally 15 to 20 centimetres away from the other. Dig holes in the first row and every row must be filled with a corm. When you dig in the second row, use the soil that you have dug up to cover the corms seeded in the first row, etc. Maintain the rows raised for ventilation and drainage. Produce a block of rows and make space enough to have a passage between each block. It will be easier to walk along the crocus field when you work on water, weed, and later, harvest.

Saffron Plant Crocus Sativus

CROCUS SATIVUS

PLANT INSTRUCTION

SPACING

The space between corms depends on their sizes . As regards to the saffron cultivation in Italy, farmers plant corms with a space of at 2 – 3 centimetres between them and 10 to 15 centimetres deep, a method that offers them a maximum harvest of blossoms and a lot of corm – lets . Farmers in Greece make a 25 centimetre of space between every row and a 12 centimetre distance between corms, each of which is 15 centimetres deep in the ground . In Spain, rows are spaced 3 centimetres and the corms, 6 centimetres. In India, there is a space of 15 to 20 centimetres between each row, and between every corm, 7.5 to 10 centimetres .

Spacing depends on how frequently grubbing is planned as well . Grubbing means the complete removal of saffron corms from the land to divide the formed mother corms and the corm – lets and to save them for the following planting season . Biennial grubbing needs a spacing around 5 – 10 centimetres between each corm ; for a longer time, it’s better between 10 to 20 centimetres .

PESTS

Safeguarding techniques must be taken against rabbits, rodents and birds . Corm rot, nematodes, leaf rusts and other pathogens have to be prevented from damaging the saffron crocus plants too .

GRUBBING

The saffron crocus ’ corms are fine for four years crop, and the fifth year, they require to be dug . In Italy and Spain, the grubbing is made between June and July, and in Greece, it is made inside May and June . When the saffron leaves turn wilted and brown, the corms are asleep and are set for the grubbing .

The fields are increased using a plough machine or a hoe and the corms are collected by hand . Afterwards corms are cleaned from undesired bulbs and weeds, and new planting materials are ranged according to proportions . The corms has not to remain out in the sun longer than 1 or 2 hours . Then these classified corms are stored in a dry , dark but well – ventilated place until the following planting period .

WEEDING

Taking away weed needs the boring, manual method, mainly if you deal with root weeds . Machine – weeding can be used in the saffron cultivation, but the risk of harming the bulbs occurs . Plus, most farmers want to do it in the classic way . The longer the weeds remain in the saffron beds, the more difficult they will be to take away, so it is better to work on them as soon as possible . Once the saffron leaves have withered but it is not the period for grubbing yet, take away the brown leaves to notice the weeds easily .

THE HARVEST OF SAFFRON

In the middle of October, saffron flowers start to blossom, and this blooming furthers for three weeks . There will be a period of increased blossoming known as “ blanket days ” that lasts from 2 to 6 days . Blooms that come out in the night have to be harvested at dawn the very following day before midday to avoid petals from wilting . It is better to harvest “ sleeping ” blooms , to protect high – quality saffron from threads .

Saffron Flower harvesting by hand Crocus Sativus

Saffron Flower harvesting by machine Crocus Sativus

STRIPPING

Once the blooms are harvested, they will go to the “ stripping ” area where the stigmas or threads are very precisely removed by hand . The yellow and white parts of the stigma must not be involved in the cutting, only the red parts .

Separation of stigmas from a closed flower Crocus Sativus

Separation of stigmas from an open flower Crocus Sativus

DRYING

After the stripping comes the drying, called toasting as well, and it is made daily when the last threads are dried . Due to their high humidity, the harvested stigmas are dehydrated when they are toasted at temperature not higher than 60 C° . We must lcheck that threads are not overdone . Hence, the “ toaster ” ( the person who has this task ) has a very precise role in the making of high quality saffron . After toasting, threads will extremely decrease their weight and size, down to 80 % of the original one . 5 kg of fresh stigmas provides a mere kilo of vivid, dried crimson threads .

Furthermore, stigmas may be dried in an oven or over hot coals as well . You have to spread the fresh threads on a wire mesh with baking paper and then place the in the centre of the oven . The heat has to be at 50 Celsius degrees, watching the threads attentively for about 10 to 20 minutes until they are ready to fall away from each other . As to bulk drying, saffron threads are put in a special place at 30 Celsius degrees to 35 Celsius degrees for 10 – 12 hours . A more modern procedure is the utilization of a dehydrator, with temperature at 48 Celsius degrees for 3 hours . The length of time, seems to depends on the amount of threads to dry . But most fundamental thing is that they don’t over – dry because it could decrease the price and quality of the saffron threads .

Drying of Stigmas Crocus Sativus

STORAGE

Once the threads are dried, they transform into dark vivid red, with the dark orange tips . They are made cool and swathed in foil or tissue and they are put in airtight jars, covered and maintained in a dark, cool corner for at least thirty days before they are ready to be used . They can remain in that nook for a long time and still be used for the flavouring of dishes .

CROCUS SATIVUS SAFFRON

CULTIVATION ’S PLANT CYCLE

Saffron corms have levels of transitory, dormancy and activity . The transitory period starts when the corms turn into mother corms and create new bulbs or corm lets . The activity period starts when they are planted and they grow roots, flowers, shoots and leaves . The dormancy period is when the corms reach the mature level and are no longer creating new bulbs . In the dormant period there are dried up roots and wilted leaves . The corms require to be dug up and they need to rest for some time before they could be replanted to be productive again .

As to the planting area, it is very recommended to let a saffron field “ rest ” for about 10 to 12 years after a maximized cropping cycle in order to be refreshed or recovered . It is better to move out to a field never used or a refreshed field to begin a new cycle . This will ensure you with a solid plantation that will offer great yields .

Annual cycle of Crocus Sativus Saffron

DIFFERENT SIZES OF SAFFRON CORMS

OF CROCUS SATIVUS

CORM SIZE

Corms are sorted and classified according to their dimensions . The size of a corm establishes its quantity . Years of experience have led to the fact that the larger the mother corms is, the more it produces, the higher the quantity of stigmas and flowers in the first year of planting .

STANDARDIZATION

OF CROCUS SATIVUS SAFFRON

STANDARDIZATION AND QUALITY CONTROL

Fresh Stigmas Saffron Crocus Sativus

With this concentrated work and small amount of products from this drudgery the saffron production can be subjected to fraud . In the past, saffron scams produced the creation of the Safranschou Code, which punishes the double – dealers with incarceration, execution and penalties . However, the trade turned lax and there have been ever more fraud . Coupé saffron stigmas can be combined with low quality threads, or with other plants ’ filaments . Moreover, Saffron powder can be combined with turmeric and other similar spices . These strategies are not legal and this compromises the saffron production and consumers .

Today security measures are provided by the ISO, known as International Standards Organization too, that offers a homogeneous grading system for the saffron powder and saffron filaments . The ISO / TS 3632 was released in 1980, and it was created for the industry of saffron . It modified on a regular basis, with the latest version in 2011 . These standards show the orginality and quality of the saffron products sorted by categories, checking their packaging and labelling too . The market cost of saffron derivates depends on the outcome of this inspection .

Saffron sample grading depends on laboratory standards such as aroma, colour and flavour . This implies tests for the major components picrocrocin , crocinand, safranal with a photo – spectroscopy . They have to surpass a certain level in order to be either at the lowest or poorest category as well . Especially for crocin, it is the primary thought because the other components are related to its presence . Authentic saffron powders and threads are ranged from I to IV, with I as the finest and IV the poorest . The following is the grading scale for crocin absorbance :

Grade I : > 190

Grade II : > 150

Grade III : > 110

Grade IV : < 110 Saffron Stigmas Crocus Sativus

In Spain, saffron is sorted in a different way, not with ISO 3632, but the type of scale is pretty much same . However, category labels are different :

Sierra : < 110 Standard : 110 –150 Rio: 150 - 180 Mancha : 180 – 190 and Coupe : > 190

Saffron from Iran is boasted to be the best quality due to the favourable climate in which the crocus plants grow in and the modern technology used in the drying process . For the Iranian traders, there is only one type of saffron : Sargol . Although it is different, the scales are pretty much the same : the higher the figure, the higher the light absorbency , the higher the crocin content and the more intense the colourant . Practically, the higher quality .

CROCUS SATIVUS SAFFRON HISTORY

The history of saffron crocus sativus

ETYMOLOGY

It is not easy to find where exactly the cultivation of saffron started, and it has the name of the world ‘s most costly spice . But we can find it as far as the existence of the Persian word zarparān ( ‘ having golden stigmas ‘) from which the Arabic word za’farān was probably originated instead of the Arabic adjective asfar ( which means ‘yellow’); it is almost the same to the Persian word za’ferân which comes from the Old French word ‘ safran ‘, from where the Latin word ‘ safranum ‘ derived .

Saffron in Lineair B finally, the English word ‘ saffron ‘ derives from the Latin ‘ safranum ‘ from which the Spanish word ‘ azafrán ‘ and the Italian word ‘ zafferano ‘ came from (b oth meaning saffron ). The other words for saffron in other languages are : ‘ kesar ‘ or ‘ zafran ‘ ( India ) , ‘ sáfrány ‘ ( Hungarian ), ‘ azafrai ‘ ( Basque ), ‘ khekhrum ‘ ( Armenian ) , ‘ szafran ‘ ( Polish ), ‘ shafran ‘ ( Russian ),’ azupiranu ‘ ( Akkadian ) ,’ safranu ‘ ( Romanian ), ‘ zaferen ‘ ( Turkish ), ‘ saframi ‘ ( Finnish ), ‘ safrà ‘ ( Catalonian ), ‘ safrána ‘ ( Latvian ), ‘ hong hua ‘ ( China ) , ‘ safárum ‘ ( Malaysian ),’ saffran ‘ ( German ), ‘ kurkum ‘ ( Farsi ) and ‘ azafrán ‘ ( Galician ). The similarity of these terms shows the global fame that the famous spice has in the history .

CROCUS SATIVUS HISTORY OF USES

A lot of time had passed and now we have only not clear ideas in where saffron was initially found, as well as how it took its name . It is interesting to discover how far back in time saffron had been loved and which countries had specific uses for it .

The earliest evidence of the East Mediterranean people were already deal with saffron crocus in 2300 B. C. are the words of a great king, Sargon of Akkad, a great governor of the Akkadian empire from the city of Azupiranu, in the in Ancient History texts as Saffron City . This charming city was known because it had to largely grow saffron crocus , or the cultivation of the spice plant must had to be located in that place during this period .

The well – known fresco, Saffron Gatherer Frescoes was discovered in Knossos and it is from 1600 BC , Greece and another one from 1500 BC in Santorini, Greece, both describing the whole process of saffron harvest and finally made an offering in a ritual worship, and monkeys and young girls plucked saffron filaments . In Thebes, Egypt, a medical papyrus of 1600 BC as well was found in a tomb and it showed the medicinal function of saffron . These documents and frescoes are real evidence of the saffron culture in the past too . In fact, today analyses of such frescoes showed the fact that they strongly emphasize the medicinal skill of crocus more than everything .

Saffron was a luxury, reserved for the nobility in the past . Queens, kings, monks and pharaohs bathed in saffron water for healing wounds and as prelude to romance, they brought saffron perfumes, donned saffron – dyed robes, had drinks laced with saffron spice and ate food with saffron, prayed to their gods with saffron offerings and slept comfortably in beds speckled with saffron threads . World literature tells how the old people used to treasure saffron . Saffron crocus is the krakom in the Bible in Solomon ‘s Song of Songs . There is krokus in the work of several Greek philosopher such as Sophocles, Homer and Hippocrates . Virgil, Ovid and other Roman artists also gave saffron a leading role in their work .

In his poems, Iran ‘s famous poet Ferdowi tells about the use of saffron in victorious honouring . Kashmiri poet and Mohammed Yusuf Teng highlighted that cultivation of saffron had mentioned for a long time in Kashmiri Tantric Hindu epics in the ancient times . The saffron was important and the trade of saffron became in fact profitable because it brought an high amount of gold . The old saffron traders were called saffron grocers . Arabs, Romans, Egyptians, Asians and Europeans were in this trade, and so we found out how saffron became widely famous in this period : thanks to the trade and the smuggling .

The painting known as “ The triumph of death ” by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, The triumph of death in the pandemic Black Death ( Bubonic Plague ) around the 1500 in Europe, saffron was very important in economy history . The need of the ingredient as a medicine led to its importation from abroad, and unfortunately to illegal shipments . This problem went down in history when a saffron shipment toward Basel was headed off by a baron, and a long battle, lasted 3 months, procedeed to recover the shipment . Today history tells the incident as the Saffron War which positively established Basel as a centre and take – off place for cultivation of crocus sativus in Europe .

History tells us that in the past, saffron was clearly the most sought spice for its incredible powers to cure a big range of ailments . A lot of nations have higlighted of the use of saffron in medicine, it has the skill to settle and cure common discomforts to serious disorders of teenagers, adult men, babies, toddlers and women as well as old people .

With an ever more active saffron trade, rules had to be created to protect equity in the market prices and freedom from adulteration in every batch of spice . The Safranschou code was instituted and fraud was punishable by imprisonment, death by fire, and fines .

In India, saffron is used mainly in ayurvedic medicine . In the Middle East, it was put in a botanical dictionary around 1300 found in the Assurbanipal Library as a medicinal entry . In London, Nicholas Culpeper ‘s Complete Herbal showed saffron ‘s medicinal properties in a quaint paragraph . In Germany, Crocologia, a book about saffron describes its medical skills and it was published in 1670 .

SAFFRON IN THE KITCHEN

Saffron Crocus Sativus in the kitchen for Cooking

Due to its world – known exotic aroma and taste, saffron will always be a principal ingredient that can suit with every part of the pantry in different kitchens in the world . It is not in the place where you could forget it, but it is there to go on with its shelf life . Saffron has essential chemical components like picrocin ( which gives the spicy flavor ) crocin ( which gives the eggyolk – yellow color ), and safranal ( which gives the hay – like aroma ). These components make saffron an exotic spice that goes well with other food and spices and makes any dish very tasty .

Saffron comes from the crocus blossoms, and offers a pleasant sweet strong smell and aroma and just a little of it is enough to make a dish unique . In fact saffron has a great value, because it is one of the most costly spices all over the world . It takes around 600 stigmas ( threads ) or 200 saffron blossoms to make only a gram of spice and around 450.000 stigmas or 150.000 blossoms to make a kilogram . Harvesting saffron threads has to be a careful work, because they are safely picked by hand . Now you can imagine why Saffron costs so much . But finally, a little of coupé saffron powder or three saffron threads are enough, and with cautious use, it ’s worth to spend money for it .

You can put saffron in a glass of water to extract flavour and the natural yellow colourant from it, just putting a spoon of threads in a hot but not boiling liquid such as water,milk, oil, alcohol or broth ; then let it stand for a couple hours up for 24 hours, if you want to maximize its skills . This is the perfect process to obtain the best essence of saffron . But for a quick fix , you could soak one spoon of threads in five spoons of liquid for around 20 minutes . Afterwards you can mush the threads to create a paste, or you can produce your own powdered condiment, by only throwing threads in a heavy frying pan over low fire . Toast it slowly, be careful not to burn them and then blend the threads to powder . One spoon of threads ( about 8 threads ) should produce ½ spoon of powder .

In areas where crocuses are planted for commercial production or local consumption, saffron dishes have gained international fame and they are served on specific tables . Saffron suits with cinnamon, cardamom and vanilla, fish, pasta, pastry, cheeses, tomato soups, lamb, and chicken . Saffron rice is an usual dish used by a lot of countries . Saffron is used not only to harmonize the flavour of main course dishes but also to spice up desserts and beverages . It is a type of flexible ingredient .

In the centre of Asia, crocus plants were grown in small gardens for domestic use . But it is in Kashmir, India that the best saffron is grown on big quantities for commercial distribution . Indian cuisine features saffron : it blends like garam masala ; in rice – meat dishes like the biryani and its similar and pulao, a “ jeweled rice dish ” made for weddings and banquets ; in desserts like kesari bhath, which is made during festivals ; in sweets like kufil, gulab jamun and double ka meetha ; and in an Indian drink named saffron lassi, which is made for religious ceremonies . Saffron can also be mixed with pistachio and cardamom to give taste to ice cream . Furthermore, China tells about of early use of saffron in religious rituals, food and medicine . In China, saffron is called “ the red flower of Tibet ”, because the crocus flowers have been brought to Shanghai via Tibet .

CROCUS SATIVUS SAFFRON AND RICE

In Morocco, saffron is used in different types of the tajine dishes . In the Middle East and in the Afghanistan cuisine, saffron has got many functions as well . It is a usual component in many rice dishes, like the qabali and sholleh zard and the adas polow, a type of rice pudding . Iraq offers own version of saffron rice known as timman z’affaran . Furthermore, saffron is used give aroma to chelow kabab, the Iran national dish . Arabians use cardamom and saffron but the others think that cinnamon is a special aroma for tea and coffee .

In Europe, saffron is put in vegetable soups and fish and also in desserts like cakes and ice cream . In Germany, saffron is a main ingredient in the Gugelhupf cake . In France, it is put in the new French Bouillabaisse . In Sweden, they use it for the well – known lussekatt ( also lussekatter ) or lussebulle, a saffron bun prepared most of all for St. Lucy ’s Day . In England and Cornwall, saffron buns are common in religious festivities too . In Italy, it is put in risotto alla milanese and in drinks like the strega, chartreuse and izarra . In Spain, the best quality of saffron may be found aside from Kashmir too and saffron are threads to give colour to a rice dish known as paella, or in a fish dish known as zarzuela de pescado and in another dish named fabada .

In the United States, the cultivation of saffron was spread to Pennsylvania thanks to the Dutch . There it was traded and used to give taste and colour fish dishes, noodles and sweets .

Research evidences that saffron has the electrolytes potassium and sodium, and is rich in other minerals like selenium, zinc, magnesium, copper, calcium, manganese and iron . It is also rich in vitamins A, B and C. Hence, saffron seems to work beyond the palate because it offers nutritive benefits to the health too .

SAFFRON ’S HEALING POWER

CROCUS SATIVUS

Healing power Saffron Crocus Sativus 2

The skills of saffron as a natural healer throw us back in the ancient times, with evidences given by age – old frescoes and documents which show the old people ‘s use of ” saffron filaments ” to reduce illnesses. In fact at the beginning saffron became known in the area of traditional medicine before it became a household spice for dye and condiment .

Every region that knows how to produce crocuses has its own method to cure illnesses using saffron . Saffron is mentioned in very old Chinese herbal medicine documents . In Mesopotamia, there was a ritual where different kind of dancing and chanting were made to evoke saffron ‘s healing powers . Battle – weary Persian and Greek warriors soaked themselves in saffron baths for cure and comfort, a ritual that was made famous by Alexander the Great . Aulus Cornelius Celsus, a Roman medical encyclopedist, described saffron as a cure to poison in his works of De Medicina . The ancient Indian ayurvedic medicine needed saffron as a very important ingredient for many medicinal remedies as well .

By the years saffron has turned into a universally known medicinal herb that heals any discomfort or disorder, with its effectiveness proved by new clinical studies or sheer millennial experience . Let us see, how does saffron heal thee ? These are the following ways :

GENERAL

Saffron helps to create a better mood and therefore cures melancholia . It helps to make the body and the senses more active as well . Saffron with other oils and steeped for short time periods turns strong enough to react as sedative or as a relaxant . You can eat it in small quantities because it helps to enforce the respiratory system, cardio – vascular system,immune system, reproductive system and the nervous system .

Some research describe that a person must be really aware with the quantity of saffron used in medication, because if you overtake this spice it can be very dangerous . Usually, only 1 – 3 grams of saffron threads are in extracted essences and only 30 mg of powder for oral ingestion in a day . However, recent research on traditional medicine explain that saffron is non – toxic and that reaction to treatment could be created by other reasons . One reason could be that it is not the actual crocus sativus .

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Saffron has anti – inflammatory properties, and it helps to calm asthmatic attacks by clearing swollen airways and restoring normal breathing . The same is for colds, flu, bronchitis and coughs ; a glass of warm milk with a bit of saffron makes you feel better and breathe when saffron helps loosen the bothersome phlegm .

CARDIO – VASCULAR SYSTEM

Saffron contains cardio – tonic components that make heart medicines simply to go into the body and go to the heart . The antioxidants in saffron avoids circulatory problems by keeping cholesterol and triglyceride at low levels . Saffron ‘s crocetin unclogs the arteries as well, sending oxygen into the circulatory system, keeping the heart in tip – top condition and improving blood circulation .

IMMUNE SYSTEM

The crocus sativus is rich in vitamins B ( especially B1, B2 and B6 ) and C . They are fundamental for the good functioning of the healthy immune system . It has essential oils and phytochemicals as well ; they enforce the immune system and give the body anti – carcinogenic components . Saffron crocetin is like an anti – cancer / anti – tumour agent that inhibits growth of cancer cells and powers up the anti – oxidative system .

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

Saffron is known for ages to regulate menstrual cycle of women . Drinking tea or milk with a bit of saffron helps to calm the pain and headache related to the monthly period . It can be used to prevent mood swings that usually are before the period . As to pregnant women, a small amount helps in rhythmic contraction of the uterus, in this way reduce pain and difficulty in the delivery of the baby ; but a large amount can be very dangerous because it could cause cramps and seizure in the uterus and bring unwanted abortion . Saffron with olive oil could heal uterus ulcers .

OPTHALMIC SYSTEM

Carotenoids in saffron help delay macular degeneration as a consequence of ageing by enforcing cell membranes . Saffron defends the eyes from radiation, day blindness, retinitis pigmentosa, retinal stress,
conjuctivitis, keratitis and lacrimation .

NERVOUS SYSTEM

Japan and Iran are strongly researching the skill of saffron to fight depression . Clinical research gave evidence that essences from crocus petals could be used as treatment against epilepsy and depression, like fluoxetine or Prozac given in 30 mg twice daily to who needs . Moreover, recent studies prove that 30 mg of saffron given twice daily is give benefits like donepezil or Aricept in fighting mild Alzheimer ‘s disease . Saffron has crocin that is actually a neuronal antioxidant strong enough against neurodegenerative ilnesses . As an anti – anxiety medication, research proved that crocin and safranal work as well due to their sleep – inducing and anxiolytic powers . Furthermore, there is shown that crocin gives positive effects with the serotonin – neurotransmitter system, and this seems to be an efficacious treatment for obsessive – compulsive disorder too . Saffron also helps to keep a person ‘s cerebral skills in terms of retention of information and absorption .

MISCELLANEOUS

Crocus sativus offers many other medicinal uses . Derivatives are helpful in curing or preventing gastrointestinal problems like spleen, clogged liver and flatulence . Saffron works as topical application for headache, anal pain, mouth sores, toothache, insect bites, stomach pains, muscle cramps, and treats open wounds and bruises . Saffron paste work for the hair growth and treat baldness or alopecia .

Saffron may be used as appetite suppressant or stimulant as well . It helps to lose weight because saffron has perspiration – inducing and diuretic skills . A clinical research on the effect of saffron on weight loss says to be very effective . People had to take capsules containing saffron extract at pre – programmed schedules within two months and there were positive results .

By the way, saffron has a very interesting erotic past . Cleopatra soaked herself in saffron baths before romantic meetings . Saffron oil has an exotic flavour that seems to be seductive . Any drink mixed with an amount of saffron turns in an aphrodisiac . Male problems with virility can solved by medications infused with saffron too .

With these numerous uses of saffron, it ’s not a coincidence that production of this particular plant is very spread in Italy, Iran, India, Spain and Afghanistan indeed .

OTHER USES OF SAFFRON

CROCUS SATIVUS

Saffron threads provide a yellow colour when is put in a liquid . Once there is the right colour and concentration, food or whatever is ready to be used . Saffron dye can give colour to fabrics in order to highlight social status and religious functions . The noble people had saffron – dyed articles of clothing . The Irish dyed their wool with saffron colourant . Carthaginian and Phoenician brides wore saffron – dyed veils . The Japanese painted their kimonos with saffron . Tibetan, Buddhist and Hindu monks had saffron – dyed robes .

Noble women and courtesans of the old periods used saffron as skin care and cosmetic . Facial masks with saffron could be applied by women to make their skin smooth, soft and free from pimples and acne . Sandalwood and saffron mixed with milk were used as mask and they made the face soft and very clean . Honey, sugar oil and coconut can be used to create facial masks too . Saffron powder also has exfoliant properties and makes the skin bright and clear . Saffron extract provides with anti – bacterial skills that seem to fight pimples, acne and other skin diseases such as leprosy and psoriasis .

Old stories tell that in specific periods, Egyptians wore wax clothing with flowers and saffron in it which, once mixed, perfumed their hair with the sweet and particular smell ; the Greek god Zeus slept in a bed made of saffron ; Romans perfumed their marital beds with saffron, apparently for erotic reasons and they bathed in tubs full of sprinkled water with saffron threads . In the Middle East, sandalwood and saffron were melted for the production of a relaxing smell that also cured headaches . Modern perfumers take advantage from saffron because it mixes well like middle notes with other substances and essences to become a floral perfumes . And in India, they have a hundred – year old tradition of putting saffron in a special tobacco called zaafrani zarda that perfumed the air with the smell .

However, saffron is good for an extraordinary gift on special occasions like weddings, Ramadan, Christmas and other religious events because it is costly and this means a high status present .

TIPS WHEN YOU PURCHASE SAFFRON

Things to know about Saffron Crocus Sativus

THINGS TO BEAR IN MIND WHEN YOU BUY CROCUS SATIVUS SAFFRON

There could often be fraudolent traders who will play a bad trick on you . The best way not to be mocked is to purchase only from trustworthy dealers . Make a background control . Be inquisitive . Be informed . Be aware of the fundamental features of saffron :

Saffron is costly . Any cost too much lower than the international market price must warn you .

Look for famous brands . Even if they have saffron at low prices, you don’t have to be afraid .

Saffron threads have to be brittle and dry, not sticky and soft .

Saffron has a fresh, piquant scent ; if it’s musty, or smells like other chemical it means that components have been added to it, therefore stay away from purchasing it .

There must be no broken components at the bottom of container .

It is better buy threads rather than powder . It is not easy to spot fake saffron powder unless you are permitted to test the product before the purchase .

Saffron threads have very red color, with a slightly lighter coloured at the topè, more like red – orangey . If saffron is dull red means the batch is old .

Saffron threads have the same size, but not the same colour . Once all the threads have exactly the same redness, they could have been dyed to create the true colour in its inner .

You have to know the different cuts : The highest quality saffron thread, known as coupé saffron, sargol or premium red, has only the very red part of the stigmas, the yellow style is removed before being dried . A kind of cut that has the vivid red stigma and a little or more of the yellow style shows a lower – quality saffron . The style does not provide any aroma . It is considered like floral waste .

The packaging has to show the harvest date, and it has to be recent .

FAQ – FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Crocus Sativus Saffron FAQ frequently asked questions

Question : What are the differences between the various bulb sizes ?

It is that the bigger bulbs will bloom better and will provide with more flowers in the first year after the plantation . Moreover larger bulbs develop better and increase faster than smaller bulbs .

In the first year bulbs of size 7 / 8 will bloom around 30 % ( 30 flowers per 100 bulbs ), bulbs of size 8 / 9 about 80 %, bulbs of size 9 / 10 will bloom 150 %, bulbs of size 10 / 11 will bloom 200 % and bulbs of size 11 / + will bloom 300 % .

The bloom percentage will increase in the following years because of their multiplication and growth .

Question : What is the difference between non – organic and organic bulbs ?

It is that organic corms are largely cultivated organically, without using any chemical plant protection products .

These corms will arrive with an European organic certificate .

The non – organic corms are cultivated in a sustainable way, with a minimum use of chemicals .

Question : Why are the saffron bulbs in your web shop cheaper than in many other shops ?

The crocus Sativus bulbs we sell are grown by ourselves, so you are buying bulbs directly from the grower without the intervention of wholesalers . Since we grow the crocus bulbs on a large scale we can offer them ( much ) cheaper than many other suppliers .

Question : Why can’t you deliver saffron bulbs before July 25 ?

Our saffron bulbs grow every year in late June / early July .

Once they are grew, we dry and wash them and they will have a proper temperature treatment . After this treatment, the bulbs will be sorted in different sizes and they will be ready for our sales .

This entire process requires to be done carefully to ensure our customers the best quality of crocus Sativus bulbs and saffron .

Question : What do ” sustainable ” grown bulbs stand for ?

It means that, during the cultivation of our saffron bulbs, we decrease the use of chemical crop protection to the minimum .

This proved that we stopped using chemical soil treatments, we don’t apply any pesticides containing the neonicotinoids and the herbicide ” Roundup ” is no longer used in our fields .

Furthermore we try to improve and keep the soil quality and soil organisms of our land by using high – quality compost and other soil improver .

Question : Why is it better not to use Round – up ?

Independent scientific studies prove that the herbicide Round – up, and the active ingredient of this product ” glyphosate “, can develop of cancer and probably hormone disrupting . Morevore this herbicide is extremely toxic for the soil in which the bulbs are grown because the soil biology is very disrupted by glyphosate .

Question : What are neonicotinoids ?

Neonicotinoids are types of substances connected to nicotine, which are used in an amount of systemic biocides and pesticides . The use of these elements is connected with several research in the world with increased bee mortality .

Question : When is the optimal time to plant your bulbs ?

The best time to plant our bulbs is around mid – August .

Saffron bulbs planted before the end of August will start to bloom in late October .

Question : What is the price of saffron per kg ?

It is not easy to offer you a price of saffron because it depends on the demand and supply, the place from which it comes from and its quality .

It is often proved that the price of 1 kg of saffron is around € 30,000 . Actually this price applies to the saffron which is provided in small quantities . For example, you can buy saffron in a bag of 50 mg at the supermarket for € 1.25. So 1 kg it makes a total of € 25,000 per kg .

It seems that the quality of the saffron that you can purchase at the supermarket is worse than the more expensive saffron found in drug stores .

Question : How many saffron bulbs can I plant per m 2 ?

The quantity of bulbs that you can plant per m 2 depends on the bulb size .

With bulbs of size 7 / 8 you can plant around 60 to 70 bulbs per m 2, bulbs of size 8 / 9, 50 to 60 bulbs per m 2 and with bulbs of size 9 / 10, 40 to 50 bulbs per m 2.

Question : What does the size of your bulbs mean ?

The size of our bulbs is measured in centimetre of the circumference of the bulbs . For example, bulbs of size 9 / 10 have a circumference between 9 and 10 centimetres .

The diameter of our bulbs can be simply calculated by dividing the circumference of the bulbs by Pi ( Pi ≈ 3,14 ).

So bulbs of size 9 / 10 have a diameter between 9 / 3,14 ≈ 2,86 and 10 / 3,14 ≈ 3,18 centimeters .

Question : Is it profitable to cultivate saffron ?

It is surely profitable to grow your own saffron because the saffron cultivation is a periennal crop . The bulbs you buy from us, increase themselves every year in the ground, and therefore you can harvest your own saffron up to 4 – 5 years in a row in which the harvest multiplies every year . After this period of time you can take the bulbs and replant them again on another piece of land .

In this way you only require to buy bulbs one time in order to harvest saffron for many years .

LINKS

Saffron

Crocus Sativus

Organic Saffron

Bulbs

Crocus

Wholesale

Translated by Matteo Aristei

Country Risk Map – Discover SACE tool

SACE country risk map

Country Risk Map

DISCOVER SACE INTERACTIVE MAP, USEFUL FOR ASSESSING THE RISKS TO WHICH A COUNTERPARTY IS EXPOSED WHEN EXPORTING OR ESTABLISHING ITS FOREIGN PRESENCE

country risk map SACE click

MAPPED AREAS :

- Sovereign credit risk;
- Bank credit risk;
- Corporate credit risk;
- Expropriation and breach of contract;
- War and civil disturbance risk;
- Transfer and convertibility risk.

FURTHER INFORMATION :

- General information on the foreign country;
- Information on the political, economic, financial and operational contexts;
- Insurability Conditions;
- OECD category;

LINK SACE SERVICES
LINK SACE WEBSITE
LINK SACE PRESS RELEASES

e-commerce china

E-commerce China

e-commerce-china-cina-made-in-italy

E-COMMERCE IN CHINA: HOW TO EXPORT TO CHINA, THE WORLD LARGEST MARKET

THORUGH DIGITAL AGENCY, E-COMMERCE PLATFORMS AND SOCIAL MEDIA

Thanks to a specialized digital agency and an Italian company based in China, Made in Italy or quality products have an easier access to the Chinese market. E-commerce platforms and numerous social media can offer products to over 600 million people online every day, both through B2C and B2B channels, as well as a new generation ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system. The company is relieved of business risks, except for providing the product, which has to be available in China after customs clearance. Possible promotions and certificates called for to launch the products onto the market, upon assistance. The commission includes front end and back end services, as well as lead-to-cash, operation and shipment services. FTZ (Free Trade Zones) are possible for some products.

PRODUCTS SECTORS: food , clothing and fashion, furniture, furnishing accessories, cosmetics and luxury, etc. A feasibility study will be carried out, upon expression of interest.
For more information, send an email.

contact IBS by mail

E-COMMERCE IN CHINA: WHY TO BET ON THE CHINESE MARKET FOR MADE IN ITALY

POPULATION STATISTICS

Population: 1.379 billion
Urban population: 56%
GDP: $ USD 11.3 trillion
Average household income: $ USD 11,000 (72,321 yuan)
Average age: 37,3
Languages: Mandarin Chinese (70%)

GENERAL FRAMEWORK

In 2015, China’s spending on ecommerce accounted for over 40% of the world total.

USE OF MOBILE DEVICES

In China, online shopping through mobile devices is widely spreading, with sales of $ USD 333 billion in 2015, 85% more than in 2014.

OMNICHANNEL STRATEGY

China has adopted the omnichannel strategy, however it is still incomplete and in evolution.

FUTURE AND DATA

In 2016 the Chinese e-commerce market became the largest in the world.
It is expected to reach $ USD 1.6 trillion (almost the Italian annual GDP) within two or three years.

During last year “Singles’ Day”, the online shopping-related Chinese festival, $ 14.3 billion were spent and digital buyers in the country grew to 468 million.

Online wallets are the main payment method, in fact, 33% of clients use technologies to complete their transactions.
e-commerce-china

E-COMMERCE IN CHINA: WHY SHOULD YOU BE INTERESTED IN OUR PACKAGE?

ORGANIZATION

• I want to start a business in China, I need legal assistance.
• I need trade licenses to import goods.
• I need to hire a manager and employees.
• I need a warehouse to stock the products.
• I need to install an integrated management system (ERP).
• I need to get in touch with an accountant.
• I have ties concerning the cash flow.

SALES

• What products should I choose for the Chinese market?
• What prices draw clients’ attention?
• Should I choose the B2B solution, the B2C, or both?
• Is it better a multichannel or a one-channel strategy?
• Digital Marketing in China is complicated and very different from the western model. How to interact with Chinese consumers?

RISKS

• What if I can’t sell the stock?
• What if the teamwork doesn’t make a profit?
• How can I be sure of receiving information regularly and promptly in my headquarter in China?
• In case of operations to do; how can I ensure they are carried out correctly?
• We need data concerning the market and consumers; is there someone able to understand them?

E-COMMERCE IN CHINA – SERVICES: THE FIRST INTEGRATED DIGITAL PLATFORM FOR THE CHINESE MAREKET

DEFINING THE COMPANY’S PRESENCE:

• Starting a business in China is not necessary, we can represent you.
• We will sign a clear and detailed contract, in which all our activities will be transparently explained.

OBTAINING AN ONLINE PRESENCE:

• We will first update the B2B/B2C platforms with your logos and slogans to attract consumers.
• We will organize all the necessary digital marketing campaigns to guarantee constant trade and business transactions on your platform.

SELLING PROCESS:

• We will assist you in every sale, ensuring the highest level of satisfaction for your Chinese clients.
• We will share with you every information to decide together the next step.

OPERATIONS:

• Thanks to an analysis, we will find the most appropriate market for your products and we will inform you about the right quantity of goods to stock.
• You will only have to transfer the stock and we will do the rest.

E-COMMERCE IN CHINA: SUMMARY:

STRATEGY:

Reaching the Chinese online advertising sector and the marketing sector concerning social media, allowing brand recognition and familiarization.
Gaining the Chinese online consumers and making their brand loyalty possible.
Establishing relationships with the Chinese social CRM, encouraging clients to be brand-loyal and promotion.

MARKET :

Entering the Chinese e-commerce market and providing strategic consulting.
Opening the autonomous e-commerce web site TaobaoTmall and others eShops (Jingdong, Amazon, QQ).
One-Stop Solution operations: 3PL services (Third Party Logistics), stocking and distribution.

PERFORMANCES :

• Search Engine Marketing (SEM) service and pay-per-click (PPC) campaigns for Baidu and others.
• Search Engine Optimization services (SEO) and reputation monitoring.
• Web advertising through banners and retargeting/remarketing operations.
• Affiliate Marketing in China – Organization, managing and optimization of the return on investment (ROI).
• UI and UX Design services, localization, optimization and web analytics.

E-COMMERCE IN CHINA: MULTICHANNEL-MULTIVENDOR, E-COMMERCE, CLOUD ERPs

chinese-digital-landscape
piattaforme-mondiali-e-commerce-cina

E-COMMERCE IN CHINA LINKS

- E-commerce
- Digital Platform
- B2B (business to business)
- B2C (business to consumer)
- Digital Agency
- FTZ (Free Trade Zone)
- SEM (Search Engine Marketing)
- SEO (Search Engine Optimization)
- PPC (pay-per-click)
- Lead to Cash
- Omnichannel

LINKS :

- EX-WORKS
- INCOTERMS 2010
- MAIN DOCUMENTS TO USE FOR FOREIGN TRADE
- MERCHANDISE SHIPMENT AND QUALITY
- HINTS ABOUT THE MERCHANDISE ORIGIN
- CUSTOMS GLOSSARY

CANARIES: business opportunities, Financings and Tax breaks

CANARIES: business opportunities, Financings and Tax breaks

canarie-business-opportunita-agevolazioni

IBS by virtue of the valuable synegies and cooperations existing, is pleased to present the OPPORTUNITIES on the CANARIES ARCHIPELAGO, through:

- Financigs and Tax breaks for startups;

- Explanation of the strengths offered by the Archipelago to a prospective investor;

- Services offered in the Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, El Hierro and La Palma islands territories along with a series of general information in addition.

MEETING VENUE AND SCREENING OF BUSINESSES: after a preliminary phone or mail contact through the following form contact, in Turin a series of meetings with a person in charge that will analyze the Business project will be held, providing some information abut the viability.

TURIN OFFICE: Corso San Maurizio 8, Torino ( Office downstairs)
DEVELOPMENT OFFICE: Tenerife

Before fixing a meeting in person, it is essential to advance a presentation, or a teaser or abstract of the outlines of the project for a first analysis. If the project is evaluated positively further information before the meeting in Turin will be required.

TABLE OF CONTENTS OF THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE:

1. Announcement of a competitive exam for Financings and Tax breaks for startups in technology, innovation and science sectors on the Canaries Archipelago concerning entrepreneurial projects which represent the successful Made in Italy.

2. Deepening on Tenerife, opportunities on three continents (Europe, America, Africa) for internationalization programs, ZEC (Canary Islands Special Zone), tax breaks and customs facilities, general opportunities and information.

contact IBS by mail

ANNOUNCEMENT/ COMPETITIVE EXAM FOR FINANCINGS AND TAX BREAKS FOR STARTUPS IN TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION AND SCIENCE SECTORS ( supporting instruments and guidance for innovative startups)

bando-made-in-italy-canarie-tenerife

OBJECT: Screening of the Entrepreneurial Projects through the announcement titled “The successful and excellent Made in Italy settle in in the Canaries” and first Strategic Guidance for the Italian Startups which wish to settle in the Canaries.

SPONSORSHIP OF THE GOVERNMENT AND OF THE INSTITUTIONS IN CHARGE

Institutions and offices in charge, local authorities and Government of the Canaries, sponsor the present announcement to allow and favour the settlement in the Canaries of new businesses, enterprises and business ventures, projects which intend to represent the winning and successful “Made in Italy” and which want to check how to operate in some strategic sectors specifics of the Canary Islands.

WHY CANARIES: THE ROLE OF THE EU AND THE SUPRANATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

In 2015 the reform avered by the European Union provided constancy to the Economical and Tax Regime (ETR) of the Canary Islands which came into force on 1/1/2015. New and specific time horizons (2026) emerge for what concerns the strategic activities which can be settled and developed in the Canary Islands. Moreover, incentives and tax allowances can be applied and obtained, and also funds and financings for activities which have a strategic value and make the settlement particularly remarkable and strategic.

PRELIMINARY SERVICES AND PERSONS ADMITTED:

The purpose of the initiative is favoring the settlement and/or the presence in the Canary islands of valuable representatives of the most renowned “Italian Style” and “Made in Italy” successful entrepreneurial models.
The following services will be supplied without consideration and engagement only to the projects which match the characteristics required by the Competitive Exam:
- First advice on strategic guidance, which includes the logistic, building and fiscal aspects.
- Counsel and suggestions and/or possible amendments for the entrepreneurial project.
-information about possible opportunities for the settlement of startups, cooperations with Public Authorities, Institutions and Local Governments, Technology Parks, Universities, etc.
- At a later stage, the Projects which will be selected can be presented and helped by offices and residential Partners, to be introduced to the proper authorities, public offices and institutions nominated by the Canaries government and the Spain state.

ADDED VALUE FOR ENTREPRENEURS AND PRINCIPALS OF STARTUPS PROJECTS:

- Have the possibility to provide to Italian investors and entrepreneurs a comprehensive overview, characterized by a first analysis of viability of the entrepreneurial Project in the Canary Islands, which consider the Tax Model (on the basis of the type of project, the objectives and the business model that the project aims to achieve), the logistic aspect, the buildings, the politic and diplomatic initiatives and other aspects which have a strategical importance.

- Start and establish a dialogue between the persons put in charge of supplying support services and interesting important entrepreneurs, providing the latter with information, guidelines and basic services without compensation.

- Conferment of the “Support” and specialized support to important Entrepreneurial Projects, with a high technological and professional profile to enhance the “Made in Italy”.

SECOND STAGE (for the projects evaluated as interesting) :

The selected entrepreneurs, after a first analysis, will have the possibility to benefit from our following services and advices supplied:

PRESENTATION OF THE PROJECT in the offices and Public Councils, or the Authorities and the function nominated by the Canaries Government with the aim to obtain the appreciations and the entitlement to require the benefits, the tax exemption and/or allowance and/or the support in the project or business start up.
In the case a ZEC authorization request is needed (for example to benefit from the implementation of a 4% tax rate) you can resort to the method “Online Procedure”. You will be required to go, upon appointment programming, to the Regional Offices in charge in TENERIFE or GRAN CANARIA, to have a short interview with an Official, to present and register the application or to collect the license obtained.
Alternatively to the procedure above mentioned, in other cases an “online” procedure will be started and concluded and the entrepreneur or the entrepreneurs will have the possibility to go to the island to attend to the following formal acts which need the presence on the spot ( formation of a company etc.).

SUPPORT AND ADVICE FOR THE FORMATION OF A COMPANY AND FOLLOWING MANAGEMENT:

- Drawing up of the Viability Study
- Drawing up of the Business Plan and/or Investment Plan
- Analysis and indication of the company model / asset of an emergent business, for the implementation and the optimization of the tax regime of Canary Islands (ETR, RIC etc. etc..) and/or other solutions which allow tax allowances and/or benefits
- Activities for the formation of a company, for example formal, bureaucratic acts etc., both Limited Company and public limited company of Spanish Law ( equivalent to an S.p.A. ) having the registered office in the Canary Islands
- Management and keeping of accounting
- Support and advice activity for the “start up” stages of the business
- Preparatory activities, such as the location of the place, the areas, the premises etc.

SUPPORT AND ADVICE FOR THE SETTLEMENT AND THE FOLLOWING START-UP OF THE BUSINESS:

- Support for the papers and for the start of the meetings, the cooperations and the synergies with technology parks, Universities, local authorities etc.
- Support, advice and papers concerning the settlement, for the areas and the premises used as office, offices, workshops (both “on the free market” and in technology parks, Vivero de Empresanas, or coworking areas etc.), trade areas, craft areas, industrial areas, depending on the necessities and suited for the purpose.
- Support for the submission (if provided for where it is possible) of requests for the achievement of financings. This activity can be made only after having acquired the legal instrument, that is after having established and registered the business on the Business Register.

CHARACTERISTICS AND REQUIREMENTS OF THE ENTREMPRENURIAL PROJECTS:

canarie-opportunita-di-business

The characteristics and the essential requisites that the projects have to fulfill to be selected and taken into account are the following:

- The Entrepreneurial project must concern an activity and/or must operate in one of the following product sector or be related to the following categories :

o Informational sector, development of software and applications
o Electronics, development of hardware and firmware; production of electronic equipment
o Industrial automation, robotics, smart home technology (research and development, prototyping, industrial production)
o ICT and telematic networks, information and communication technologies
o Telecommunications
o Education, e-learning included, using digital platforms
o Intermediation and trading using digital platforms
o Marketing and advertising using digital platforms
o Digital publishing
o Photography and media and communication services
o Video production and post-production/ cinematography
o Drone manufacturing ( remote-controlled aircraft )
o Research for innovation and development applicable to different sectors
o Planning studies
o Nanotechnologies
o Biotechnologies and food and health sciences
o Other activities strictly related to science, technology, innovation, development and research.
o NOTES: for some manufacturing / production activities the rental and the leasing of manufactured products, solutions and equipment realized are included
o WARNING: refreshment activities and small businesses can’t use the tax breaks described and are therefore excluded.

- To be taken into consideration, the entrepreneurial project must be necessarily equipped with the documents required.

- The entrepreneurial projects must include a “solid organization” with its own operational and registered office placed in one of the Canary Islands.

- The lowest economic engagement budgeted from the Italian investor (without considering supports and financings) for the purchase of assets and/ or instrumental goods, on the basis of the realization of the project must be:

• Of at least EUR 100.000 for these activities which will settle in Gran Canaria or Tenerife within 24 months from the start of the business
• Of at least EUR 50.000 FOR THESE ACTIVITIES WHICH WILL SETTLE IN El Hierro, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, La Palma and Lanzarote, within 24 months from the start of the business.

- The entrepreneurial project or the start-up have to include the creation of minimum:

• 5 (five) jobs for the activities which will settle in Gran Canaria or Tenerife within the first 6 months form the start of the business.
• 3 (three) jobs for the activities which will settle in Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, El Hierro and La Palma within the first 6 months from the start of the business.

2. CANARIES ARCHIPELAGO: “TENERIFE” and the advantages that offers to an investor for the expansion of an internationalization project

tenerife-mappa

GENERAL INFORMATION:

- Tenerife offers a sound and steady political and macroeconomic framework by the addition of European guarantees.
- It is provided with modern buildings thanks to a technological constant development and effective advanced digital communication (examples: fiber optic ring, Teide-HPC supercomputer, data center D-Alix).
- It is favored by a naturalistic environment and a special life quality, with a mild climate all the year with an average temperature of 22 Celsius degrees, with the highest average of sun hours of Europe (3000).
- It has excellent air and sea links and convention centers equipped for excellence events, with highly competitive prices for the rental of industrial ships and offices.
- Highly competitive labor cost, supply cost and cost of services to enterprises (for example: electricity average cost, water and hot water average cost, etc.).
- Financing lines, supports and fundings, guarantees, incentives to the national, regional and insular
economic development
- Tenerife Science and Technology Park (PCTT): if the project would be technologic or of research in the health, biotechnologies, touristic innovation sectors.

tenerife-ambiente

STRATEGIC GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION AND AGRREMENTS WITH NEIGHBOURING COUNTRIES:

Thanks to its geographical position, and being a member of the EU, Tenerife represents the gateway for three continents: Europe,America, Africa. For what concerns Africa, these are some countries with which we make trades:

Mauritania, Togo, Morocco, Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, and Cape Verde. Moreover, there are existing agreements with many Western African Countries and 50 cooperation projects in different sectors among which: science, education, agriculture, farming renewable energies, bio-combustible production and modernization of the public administration.

canarie-porta-di-ingresso-continenti-europa-africa-america

SOFT TAX REGIME AND ZONA ESPECIAL CANARIA (ZEC)

Special tax regime unique in Europe thanks to its insular condition, which is suitable for any kind of business and entrepreneurial projects, even though the advantages of community right are maintained.
- IGIC (Canary Island General Indirect Tax) : 7% which is a regional tax on the final consumption equivalent to our VAT.

CANARY ISLANDS SPECIAL ZONE (ZEC):

- For the enterprises registered in ZEC, the tax on the revenue of the societies at 4% on the part of taxable base which comes from the transactions made in the Canary Islands is applied.
- The enterprises registered in the ZEC domain don’t pay IGIC tax.
- Requirements: be a start up, have a well-drawn project, have a residential director, have at least EUR 100.000 of investments in fixed asset during the first two years and create at least 5 jobs in the 6 months after the registration of the company on the island register of companies.

Other TAX BENEFITS and ADVANTAGES in INVESTING in TENERIFE:

- Agreements to avoid the double taxation
- Have the possibility to benefit from the directive Company Mothers-daughters (2003/123/CEE) of the European Union through which the dividends allocated from the branch registered on the ZEC domain to the operating holding company with office in any other EU country (European Union) won’t be withheld.
- Exemption from Property transfers tax and documented juridical acts tax
- RIC Reserve for investments in Canary Islands with an allowance up to 90% in the benefit not distributed through the endowment of a Special Reserve for investments in Canary Islands (RIC).

TENERIFE FREE-TRADE ZONE (ZFT)

Customs advantages on the Tenerife Free-Trade Zone (ZFT): storage, transformation and marketing of the goods without paying duties , indirect taxes and special taxes. In particular:

- Exemption from importation rights during the stay of the goods in the Tenerife Free-Trade Zone;
- Exemption from the payment of special taxes for all the goods which will enter in Tenerife Free-Trade Zone;
- Exemption from IGIC tax ( assimilable to our VAT) for the goods of the Free-Trade zone and for the services provided concerning the goods themselves.

TYPES OF SOCIETIES

Even though there are different options and types of societies which can be established and registered the most renowned are the following:

- Sociedad Anonima SA ( equivalent to the English Public limited company Plc)

- Societad de Responsabilidad Limitada SL ( equivalent to the English Limited company Ltd.)

Minimum number of shareholders 1, the capital stock is different ( EUR 3000 for Societad de Responsabilidad Limitada while EUR 60.000 for Sociedad Anonima). First of all a negative certificate is required to specify the name of the company, with the opening of a bank account, and the creation of the articles of association and the incorporation notarial public contract, to which a tax identification number will follow (first temporary then definitive TIN) and registration in the island register of companies. The people with an entrepreneurial project interested in the Canary Islands or Tenerife will receive all the details.

canarie-porti-e-logistica

ENCLOSURES, LINKS OR WIDENINGS ABOUT THE CANARY ISLANDS PROJECT:

- Group of the Free-Trade Zone in Tenerife in Spanish
- Canary Islands Special Zone ZEC in Italian
- Tenerife: comprehensive guide visiting, living, investing
- Why Tenerife? (there are references)
- Modification of the economic and tax regime of the Canary Islands in Spanish
- Proexca and investment opportunities in Spanish
- Procedure register free-trade zone The Canary Islands in Italian
- List of activities in the Free-Trade Zone ZEC Canary Islands in Spanish

Notes: for the enclosures not in automatic download please send an email and provide the data of the person or the business interested.

OTHER USEFUL LINKS:

- IBS foreign DESKS
- Main Documents on International trade
- Letter of Credit and International bank Guarantees
- Customs glossary
- Country profiles and international or geopolitical articles
- IBS Blog

BULGARIA: ENTREPRENEURIAL MISSION, B2B MEETINGS

BULGARIA: ENTREPRENEURIAL MISSION, B2B MEETINGS

bulgaria-missione-imprenditoriale-opportunita-investimento

BULGARIA: “ROAD SHOW TARGET BALKANS” ENTREPRENEURIAL MISSION, B2B MEETINGS, BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AND PARNERSHIP WITH BULGARIAN ENTERPRISES

PROMOTERS:

confindustria-bulgaria-logo

CONFINDUSTRIA BULGARIA – P.zza Pozitano 2, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria

INTERNATIONAL CENTER OF UNICREDIT BULBANK – 8 Aksakov Str, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria

INTRODUCTION

IBS in synergy with CONFINDUSTRIA BLUGARIA has the pleasure of receiving signs of interest to participate to the next ENTREPRENEURIAL MISSION in Sofia. The event is promoted by Confindustria Bulgaria to communicate the strengths of Bulgaria for the benefit of the single businesses and/or delegations of Italian enterprises through the Industrial Associations interested in investments in Bulgaria and in meetings with local partners of different product sectors.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE PARTICIPATION TO THE MISSION, THE DATE AND THE ORGANIZATION

Please contact IBS through the following contact form and it will be our responsibility to recontact you to obtain your interest and to provide all the information of detail or to bring you into contact with the Manager of Confindustria Bulgaria instructed to organize the event.

DEEPENINGS ABOUT BULGARIA TO FOLLOW:

- 1. OUTCOMES OF THE MISSION OF NOVEMBER 3 2016 IN SOFIA: description of the event, Entrepreneurial Mission Agenda and Delegation of the Italian Businesses participating at the event.

- 2. WHY INVESTING IN BULGARIA: the introduction to the macroeconomic framework, advantages among which low operating costs, tax benefits, strategic position in the heart of Balkans.

Continue the reading to obtain information about the opportunities. For immediate INFORMATION write us through the following FORM.

contact IBS by mail

DEEPENINGS ABOUT BULGARIA :

1. OUTCOMES OF THE MISSION OF NOVEMBER 3 2016 IN SOFIA

missione-imprenditoriale-sofia-bulgaria-3-novembre-2016

Promoters CONFINDUSTRIA BULGARIA AND UNICREDIT BULBANK

The last entrepreneurial mission took place on November 3 2016, in the office of the International Center of Unicredit Bulbank. The promoters of the event and the Entrepreneurial Mission are Unicredit Bulbank and Confindustria Bulgaria which through the over 300 businesses associated is related to 5% of the total GDP of Bulgaria through the Businesses associated which create over 25.000 jobs, among which we can mention renowned Italian businesses such as Italcementi, Mapei, Unicredit, General, and many others SME.

During the last edition “Target Balkans: Entrepreneurial Mission in Bulgaria” has been recorded the participation of nine Italian businesses interested in the Bulgarian market , particularly active on the territory of Piacenza, motivated to the search for partners and business opportunity in the Bulgarian territory and in the neighboring countries with which Bulgaria makes trades. The event takes place as consecutively reported in the following concise description of the Agenda of the day, through a presentation of Bulgaria and the opportunities of business offered by the country, as a consequence of the event which took place in May 2016 in Piacenza during the incoming of a delegation of Bulgarian Businesses and Institutions in Italy.

The Italian businesses which participate in the entrepreneurial mission in Bulgaria operate in particular in the building industry ( building, reconstruction, restoration, sound conditioning, railings, security doors) in the furnishing industry ( interior and outdoor decoration, urban furniture, pools) and in the industry of facilities or technologies for energy saving. In particular, the day started with the address of the Institutions among which the General Director of the Unicredit Bulbank Enrico Minniti, subsequently the ICE Director of the Agency of Sofia Cinzia Bruno and President of Confindustria Bulgaria Pietro Luigi Ghia. Subsequently, the presentation continued with the address of Aldo Andreoni, Senior Banker, Corporate, Investment and Private Banking division, in which the macroeconomic framework of Bulgaria has been showed and in particular the building, the hotel and catering industry have been analyzed.

The rest of the event has been based on b2b meetings (about one hundred meetings) between the different Italian businesses in a trip to Sofia, and the over sixty Bulgarian businesses which participated with great motivation in the event.

ENTREPRENEURIAL MISSION AGENDA

h. 9.00 – 09.30 Businesses Registration and Welcome Coffee

h. 9.30 – 11.00

- Enrico Minniti, General Manager and Vice President of the board of directors of Unicredit Bulbank – Welcome speech

- Pietro Luigi Ghia, President of Confindustria Bulgaria- Welcome speech

- Cinzia Bruno, Director of Italian Trade Agency ITA Sofia

- Aldo Andreoni, Senior Banker, Corporate, Investment and Private Banking division – Presentation of the opportunities in Bulgaria

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

h. 11.00 – 12.30 B2B meetings with businesses associated to Confindustria Bulgaria already planned

h. 12.30 – 14.00 Launch and Networking

h. 14.00 – 14.30 Registration of Bulgarian associated businesses and welcome coffee

h. 14.30 – 15.00 Brief and presentation of the Italian Businesses by Roberto Tortelotti and Raffaele De Risi

h. 15.00 – 18.00 B2B meetings with the associated Bulgarian societies

DOWNLOAD : Entrepreneurial Mission Agenda

DOWNLOAD: Delegation of Italian Businesses participating at the event

WITNESSES

Witnesses and references of businesses which participated in the event are available. However, to win access to these information a manifestation of interest for the future mission in the phase of organization and a qualification through the business references are needed.

2. WHY INVESTING IN BULGARIA AND IN THE BALKANS

bulgaria-perche-investire-business-partner

MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK IN BULGARIA

Bulgaria recorded a growth occurred in the triennial 2006-2008, and subsequently had a crisis in 2009. However, the data which refer to 2010 and 2011 reflect signs of recovery of the Bulgarian economy. Moreover, since 2012 a fundamental stabilization of the tendential development and a marked vitality on the trades, in particular on the export (export over the border) with foreign countries have been observed. Besides, a recovery of the domestic demand and a noticeable improvement of the coefficient of absorption of the doing business and European funds have occurred. The GDP (gross domestic product) on 2014 stood at EUR 42,8 billion ( Source: UniCredit Bulbank, 2016), recording an annual growth of 1.5%.

In 2015 Italy was promoted from third to second in the classification of the business partners of Bulgaria, after Germany, and only in the first six months of 2015 a 6,5% noticeable increase in foreign trade. The foreign trade between Italy and Bulgaria amount to over EUR 4 billion. The buying of Bulgarian goods from Italy gathered mainly in the mechanics, engineering, precision mechanics, durable instrumental goods, metals and clothing sectors. A good percentage of the businesses is addressed to the luxury footwear and footwear sectors, textile sector, equipment and machinery of general usage, and products resulting from oil and natural sources. For what concerns the total Italian foreign direct investments (FDI) in Bulgaria, they reached EUR 1,4 billion in 2014 and in particular the FDI net transactions for 2014 from Italy stand at around EUR 19 billion (MFA).

DOWNLOAD COUNTRY PROFILE (English): Bulgaria country profile (Source SACE, year 2016)

DOWNLOAD COUNTRY PROFILE (English): economic and financial statement of Bulgaria (Sourc Unicredit Bulbank, year 2016)

DOWNLOAD (English): index from the dal National Statistical Institute, Republic of Bulgaria 2016

POLITIC AND ECONOMIC STABILITY IN BULGARIA AND DOING BUSINESS FAVOURABLE INDEX

• INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS : Bulgaria is a member state of the European Union, of the WTO (World Trade Organization) and NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization )

• CHANGE: the currency stability is guaranteed through the fixed change with euro of: 1 Euro = 1.96 BGN (lev)

• PUBLIC DEBT : Bulgaria has the second lower public debt on the European Union (around 17% of GDP) and one of the lower budget deficit of EU (2.1%) in 2011

• AVERAGE OF POLITICAL RISK 43% (Source: SACE, 2016)

• DOING BUSINESS INDEX : 38° of 189 countries (52 days to register a business)

• MAIN SECTORS OF OPPORTUNITY : infrastructures, means of transport, instrumental mechanics, energy, railways and building (complete list to follow)

• ITALIAN EXPORT IN THE PRECEDING YEAR : textile and clothing , instrumental mechanics, metals, means of transport, chemistry, others

• MAIN BUSINESS PARTNERS : Germany, Italy follows, then Spain and France

• ITALIAN EXPORT POTENTIAL INCREASE IN THE NEXT 3 YEARS : about EUR 240 billion.

TAX BENEFITS, LOW OPERATING COSTS, SYNTHESIS OF THE ADVANTAGES OF INVESTING IN BULGARIA

Tax benefits : . The territory of Bulgaria commands one of the most favorable tax regimes of the European Union. The tax rate too for the businesses is fixed flat to 10%. The tax rate for natural persons stands at 10% . However, for the businesses which decide to settle and operate in areas placed in the development plan of the Government or at high unemployment the tax rate is 0% .

Exemption from indirect tax : there are 2 years of exemption from indirect tax on the added value ( VAT ) for what concerns the import of machinery and equipment committed to investment projects in immobilizations or in fixed credit above EUR 5 billion which generate a return on employment, giving job to at least 50 employees.

Dividend: tax rate 5% on the dividends and liquidation quota (0% for the residents of the EU).

Cost of the work : Bulgaria has one of the most competitive costs of the work all over Central and eastern Europe.

Lease and Users : Bulgaria boasts very low lease costs for different types of offices and users .

Electricity : in Bulgaria the cost of electricity is very favourable, corresponding to 70% of the european average.

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STRATEGIC POSITION OF BULGARIA IN THE HEART OF THE BALKANS

Bulgaria is placed in the heart of the Balkans, representing a natural strategic logistic hub :

• LOGISTIC CORRIDORS: five European corridors Pan-European Corridors (IV, VII, VII, XI, X) which cross the country and give to Bulgaria a remarkable strategic importance for what concerns the connectivity with EU countries.

DOWNLOAD: Pan-European Corridors (English)

• TRACECA : transport program which connects Europe with Caucasus and the Central Asian region.

DOWNLOAD: Infrastructural development plan of the Bulgarian Ministry of Transports, until 2015 (English)

• AIRPORTS: 4 main airports Sofia, Bourgas, Plovdiv and Varna.

• PORTS: 2 ports Varna and Bourgas and different ports placed in the Danube river.

QUALITY HUMAN RESSOURCES IN BULGARIA

• HUMAN SKILLS: the workforce is excellent and highly trained in Bulgaria and speaks more than a foreign language.

• MEDIAN AGE : 62.2 % of the Bulgarian population is in the working age (about 4.6 million people)

• HIGH SCHOLASTIC-EDUCATION LEVEL: each year 60.000 students graduate

• LANGUAGESKILLS: 98% of the students of the high school study a foreign language (in most cases English) and 73% of the students study a second foreign language (German is the first for importance, French to follow, then Spanish and eventually Russian)

• INTERNET : the speed of access and web surfing through the internet in Bulgaria is one of the first for speed in Europe, furthermore the diffusion of the service allows the connection and the access to the internet for almost the whole of population and institutions.

THE CHALLENGES OF THE FUTURE FOR BULGARIA

Although in the last years Bulgaria invested and worked to improve the quality of many aspects of its socio-economic structure, there are some crucial themes for a further development which require attention for the future:

• Continue with the strengthening of the infrastructural network
• Continue with a further extension of the support given to the businesses in particular in terms of access to services and infrastructures
• Improve further the reduction of bureaucracy and fasten the practices
• Reform the justice

THE ROLE OF ITALIAN INVESTMENTS IN BULGARIAN TERRITORY (FDI)

Italy, besides having a key role in Foreign trade as second business partner of Bulgaria with over EUR 4 billion of trade in the last year, is a leading figure in FDI (foreign direct investment) for the Bulgarian economy, thanks to the investments made in Bulgaria from some big Italian businesses and different SME (small and medium enterprises).

In the time lapse passed between 1996 and 2014 the FDI Italian direct investments in Bulgaria, according to the official data of the Bulgarian National Bank, reached a total amount of over EUR 1,4 billion, figure which puts Italy among the main first ten investors in Bulgaria ( after the Netherlands, Austria, Greece, England, Germany, Cyprus, Russia, Switzerland and United States of America).

There is a solid delegation and a significant presence of big Italian enterprises like Enel, Assicurazioni Generali, Mapei, Edoardo Miroglio, Banca Unicredit and Rigoni di Asiago. Furthermore, also the presence of SMEs (Italian small and medium enterprises) of which 300 businesses associated to Confindustria Bulgaria is particularly intense.

The presence of Italian Businesses in Bulgaria has a significant impact also on the global national budget, contributing for around 5% towards the national GDP (gross domestic product), with about EUR 2 billion of annual turnover with consequences on employment for 25.000 jobs.

HIGHLY COMPETITIVE LABOR COST IN BULGARIA, AMONG THE LOWEST IN EUROPE

The labor cost in Bulgaria is one of the lowest among all the European countries. Actually, the average labor cost in this moment stands at around 490 euros per month (NSI data, National Statistical Institute Republic of Bulgaria, 2015).

Obviously, this is an average data, and in many areas of the country wages stand at lower salary levels. However, these areas of the country aren’t always provided with the same infrastructural level of the big urban centers or the main cities of Bulgaria.

At the same time, an excellent quality of the labor force can be detected, especially in the niches sectors and in the technical and informational fields. Some local realities like Plovdiv offer in particular excellent proportions between the labor cost and the quality of the work carried out by the staff.

TAX SYSTEM IN BULGARIA

An aspect that makes Bulgaria an attractive territory is also the tax field. In effects, for what concerns the taxation of the business and individuals Bulgaria offers a flat tax, with a flat rate at 10% for businesses and individuals.It is, as is the case for labor cost. One of lowest tax burdens in the EU (European Union). For what concerns indirect taxes, the VAT standard rate (tax on the added value) applied is equivalent to 20%, but for some specific cases a reduction of the rate to 9% is covered. The different executive governments ruling in the last years reaffirmed in different occasions that the flat tax remains also for the future one of the principles and strategic assets which will drive the fiscal policy of the country.

traceca-transport-corridor-europe-caucasus-asia

TRANSPORTS IN BULGARIA

Bulgaria represents an ideal bridge between UE and the countries of the Balkans, Turkey inclusive, as it is placed at the center of the southeast Europe. The country is a regular transitional point for five Pan-Europeans corridors (IV, VII, VIII, IX e X) and is part of TRACECA (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia) AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION created with the aim of promoting an effective infrastructural network between Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

The corridor VIII in particular, will link Bulgaria to Italy thanks to the ports of Albania. At the moment the Bulgarian government is investing in the adaptation of the railway and motorway networks. In effects the “Trakia” motorway, which is able to link the capital Sofia to the second most important city of the country, that is Plovdiv, and to the port of Burgas in the Black sea, has been finished. The “Struma” motorway stretch to follow, which will link Bulgaria to Greece. For what concerns the air transports the cities of Sofia, Plovdiv, Burgas and Varna are provided with international airports.

Moreover, in addition to national-flag airlines also the low-cost companies broke into the Bulgarian market strengthening the competition in the civil aeronautical sector. Eventually, it is fair to remember that Bulgaria has two of the most important ports of the Black Sea  in Varna and Burgas  and that the North of Bulgaria it’s part of the fluvial transport system of the Danube. This logistic asset, thanks to the Main Canal, allows the ships to travel and to cover directly the stages from the Black Sea to the North Sea.

bulgaria-fondi-strutturali-eu-unione-europea

HOW THE INSTITUTIONS AND THE EUROPEAN FUNDS AFFECT BULGARIA

The investments of the foreign countries in Bulgaria represent one of the main engines for the growth of GDP and the country. Therefore the attention for the international entrepreneurship is high. The membership to EU (European Union) makes the legal system of the country similar to Italian and other European countries standards. The Europan funds too, which have a great impact on the country, are very important. For the period 2007- 2013, EUR 6,8 billion were earmarked to Bulgaria through the EU Structural FundS. Particularly interesting and effective were also the funds allocated and disbursed through the Competitiveness Operative program, funds earmarked for private businesses. For the European Commission planning period of the European Structural Funds 2014-2020, EUR 7,4 billion have been allocated for Bulgaria, an important amount divided into 7 operative programs:

- Transports EUR 1,6 billion
- Environment EUR 1,5 billion
- Areas on the increase EUR 1,3 billion
- Innovation and competitiveness EUR 1,2 billion
- Human Ressources EUR 0.9 billion
- Governance EUR 0,2 billion
- Science and Education EUR 0,5 billion

To these funds follow the EU resources coming from the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and others funds coming from the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) which allocate EUR 7,5 billion.

PRODUCT SECTORS OF INTEREST IN BULGARIA :

- Agricultural and Food sector
- Textile sector and clothing
- Leather industry and footwear
- Wood industry and furniture
- Energy, renewable energies and natural resources
- Chemical and pharmaceutical industry
- Rubber and plastics manufacture
- Glass and ceramic
- Metals manufacture
- Mechanics, precision mechanics, instrumental and durable goods
- Electronics
- Transport and logistics
- Constructions, building material, real estate and property activities.
- Other manufacturing industries
- Insurance and bank services
- Commerce and marketing
- Environment and ecology
- Informational services, ICT, communication
- Services to businesses
- Tourism, refreshment, hotels

PROMOTERS AND PARTNERS OF THE INITIATIVE:

CONFINDUSTRIA BULGARIA
P.zza Pozitano 2, Sofia 1000, Bulgaria
Tel: +359 (0) 2 8901420;
Fax: +359 (0) 2 8901424
segreteria@confindustriabulgaria.bg

INTERNATIONAL CENTER OF UNICREDIT BULBANK
1000 Sofia, 8 Aksakov Str.

ITA BULGARIA (Italian Trade Agency)
Bul. knyaghinya Maria Luisa, 2
Business Center TZUM, 1000 Sofia Bulgaria

OTHER PARTNERS OF CONFINDUSTRIA, 2016

- CONFINDUSTRIA BALCANI
- SIMEST (WORLDWIDE ITALIAN ENGAGEMENT)
- BE BULGARIA ENGINEERING
- ASSICURAZIONI GENERALI
- KRIB
- UNIVERSITY OF NATIONAL AND WORLD ECONOMY
- IL SOLE 24 ORE BUSINESS SCHOOL

SOURCES FOR THE ARTICLE: “Entrepreneurial Mission in Bulgaria”

- Confindustria Bulgaria
- www.confindustriabulgaria.bg

- International Center of UniCredit Bulbank
- http://www.unicreditbulbank.bg/en/index.htm

- ITA (Italian Trade Agency)
- http://www.italtrade.com/

- SACE
- http://www.sace.it/en

- SACE Country Risk Map
- http://www.doingbusinessibs.it/news/generali/country-risk-map-scopri-gli-strumenti-sace/?lang=it

- Ministry of Transport GOV Bulgaria
- http://www.government.bg/cgi-bin/e-cms/vis/vis.pl?s=001&p=0136&g=

- National Statistical Institute Republic of Bulgaria
- http://www.nsi.bg/en

- TRACECA (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia),
- http://www.traceca-org.org/en/traceca/

- EU STRUCTURAL FUNDS
- http://ec.europa.eu/contracts_grants/funds_it.htm

INCOMING CHINA CHINESE COMPANIES B2B MEETING

INCOMING CHINA CHINESE COMPANIES B2B MEETING

incoming-cina-aziende-cinesi-b2b-meeting

INCOMING CHINESE DELEGATION AND B2B MEETINGS WITH CHINESE COMPANIES

IBS is proud to announce the collaboration with primary and consolidated Italian Association which cooperates permanently for many years with bodies and official bilateral agencies of foreign trade development and investments between Italy and China, together with an international prestigious network and consulting and law firms officially approved by the Chinese government.

AIMS:

Such collaboration make possible to organize in fully equipped locations in Milan or in Rome major events, in which, delegations of Chinese companies, with specific and predetermined aims, meet Italian companies interested in investing in China, or in exporting in the People’s Republic of China or interested in importing made in China quality products.

INSTITUTIONAL INVOLVED PARTNERS AND QUALITY OF THE CHINESE COMPANIES VISITING ITALY:

The organizational structure involves official agencies of promotion and development of trade relations between Italy and China and promotion agencies of investments which in turn are linked with the Chinese government. In the incoming activity in Italy, regional and municipal offices responsible for the foreign trade and the industrial sector of an entire China region are involved.
Through these bodies, a selection of most significant companies in the region is possible, together with internationally high-performing companies, of which the reliability and the interest in having a dialogue with Italian companies are well known. Chinese companies actively interested in building profitable and long-term trade or strategic relations with Made in Italy companies or companies endowed with high expertise and/or high technology or strongly innovative processes.
One of the official involved bodies is the prestigious CCPIT (China Council for the Promotion of International Trade) that through its offices displaced in various regions and municipalities, controls efficiently the development strategies of the territory, having financings and funds directly distributed by government bodies.

WHICH COMPANIES CAN PARTICIPATE IN THE INCOMING OF CHINESE COMPANIES IN ITALY?

All the interested companies in the territory of China or in the specific region involved in the incoming.
All the companies that having analysed the aims of Chinese companies visiting Italy, consider them compatible and aligned with their own aims of commercial or strategic development.
The industrial sector of a region is involved, so all the commodities sectors of companies that are part of it or the most significant are considered.
Examples of commodities sectors: mechanical engineering, precision mechanical engineering and capital goods, textile, fashion and textile machinery, energy, renewable energy and energy saving, electronics, services, medical field, chemical and chemical-pharmaceutical industry, IT etc.

IN WHICH WAY THE ITALIAN COMPANY CAN EXPRESS ITS INTEREST AND PARTICIPATE IN THE MEETINGS WITH THE COMPANIES OF THE CHINESE DELEGATION?

B2B meetings and business meetings focalised on specific aims also in the context of conferences and seminars are frequently organised. There are two ways to which you can participate:

A. Expressing interest in being contacted in the context of an incoming of Chinese companies. As soon as we know the Chinese companies supporter of each event and their aims, we shall communicate the details to the interested Italian company and we shall collect the confirmation of support to B2B meetings.

B. The Italian company can communicate to us in advance its aims or the ideas of development relating to China territory, or the typology of the Chinese company of interest, specifying the characteristics that it should have so that the support to meetings may represent an added value.

This will allow us to communicate in advance to the various Italian and Chinese bodies the request of the Italian company, and Chinese body involved in the selection of supporting companies to the incoming will be able to make targeted choices.

THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS IN THE POST:

1. RESULTS OF THE SHAOXING CHINESE DELEGATION INCOMING OF THE 14TH – 15TH NOVEMBER 2016 AND STILL OPEN OPPORTUNITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE FOLLOW-UP
2. PARTICIPATING COMPANIES
3. PROJECTS
4. BODIES AND INSTITUTIONS BEING PART OF THE SHAOXING DELEGATION
5. DESCRIPTION OF THE SHAOXING REGION
6. GENERIC LIST OF COMMODITIES SECTORS FOR CHINA

contact IBS by mail

incoming-delegazione-cinese-shaoxing-opportunita-follow-up

1. RESULTS OF THE SHAOXING CHINESE DELEGATION INCOMING AND FOLLOW-UP, EVENT OF 14TH – 15TH NOVEMBER 2016 IN MILAN CATHEDRAL AREA

After the conclusion of the event and B-to-B meetings, it is still open the opportunity for Italian companies interested in the region of Shaoxing to have relations with the companies supporters of the incoming and reported through a summary description to follow, or with other unlisted companies of the region.
Please make contact with IBS and indicate your interest: CONTACT US
The region interested by the incoming was Shaoxing, that can be considered for its logistics, technological innovation, the presence of companies equipped with high technology and know-how, one of the most important or the most important pole of China. The textile and mechanic-textile sectors stand out, however also the mechanic, car, energy, energy saving and environment protection, chemical, chemical-pharmaceutical and medical sectors are important. There are also excellences in the technologic field, in the scientific innovation and patents, IT e Food.
As regards to the textile sector which represent the feather in the cap of the region:
- In the face of 5 millions of inhabitant, about 70,000 people work in the textile industry
- Shaoxing is considered the first global pole for ties and socks
- In Shaoxing there is the production of 10 % of the business relating to chemical fiber
- There are companies and producers of high-end fabrics
- The turnover of the region is approximately 690 billions of USD, that is comparable to the GDP of Switzerland.

2. CHINESE COMPANIES WHICH ATTEND THE B2B MEETINGS:

COMPANY A

Situated in an area of national development, with excellent roads and local economic development, the integrated company is in the high-end sector of equipment for research and development, production, and commercialisation of knitting, with a mainly scientific approach. The company occupies 30,000 square meters and employs more than 300 employees, has national patents and research personnel focused on the first-class professional knitting machines, and has more than 400 groups of production and advanced equipment, with the best production capacity of the sector. The principal product of the company is a knitwear completely made with computer systems, (of which it has the intellectual property rights), and of excellent quality, that realizes a perfect structure, with established standards, at an affordable price. It is endowed with a perfect service of after-sale, realizing products that were liked very much, in the global world of glove production, being sold all over the world.

AIMS: is looking for a technical and commercial cooperation for its external expansion.

COMPANY B

Situated in an economic and technological development area in Hangzhou Bay of national level, the company occupies 200 acres and the built-up area is approximately 100,000 square meters. It employs more than 1,100 people, mainly for the production of pharmaceutical products, intermediate colorants, surfactants, high-quality textile auxiliaries, other biological agents. For example, the yearly production of nitro-aniline is of 25,000 tons, and the yearly value is 300 million yuan. Over the years, the activity has been in constant progress, with a good profitability, the right development, and is looking for a new opportunity of development especially through projects of international cooperation.

AIMS: is looking for joint venture and cooperation on chemical products and in the business of environmental protection.

COMPANY C

It is focused on international trade, combining and integrating industrial production, trade, and high-tech. Its production is varied, realizing all kinds of high-quality fabrics. It’s a company respectful of the environment, with a highly professional production especially in the sector of bed linen and fabrics intended for furniture. The registered capital of the society is 15 million dollars, and the current turnover is 258 million yuan. It extends on a surface of approximately 120 acres, and the buildings of the factory occupy approximately 80,000 square meters, employing more than 650 workers. There are: the printing and the laboratory of fabric dyeing, with 10 lines of production of the rotating screen print, a line of production of pads for dyeing, dyes coming from Japan, Germany, South Korea, Italy, and the products are exported to United States, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Brazil and other European countries. The company has passed the certification of the quality system and the environmental certification, and the cotton products registered with their own brand, are famous in Shaoxing. It enjoys a great reputation in the national and foreign textile market and has reached levels of excellence in the customer satisfaction.

AIMS: is looking for international commercial partners for the distribution of fabrics and technologies of the sector for environmental protection, in addition to technical partnerships.

COMPANY D

It is situated in the special area of Keqiao that is the biggest centre of textile distribution of the world. The company is mainly committed to manufacture of cotton, wool, linen fabrics and clothing in chemical fiber, printing and dyeing, sandblasting, with 300 workers on the permanent staff. The company has excellent products and sales are managed very professionally. The team of experts, after the development and expansion of the company for 14 years, has stabilized a good technic support and efficient after-sale service. At the end of 1980, the company started working in the sector of textile printing and dye-work, and to this day has gained a big know-how in the sector. Today it is very directed on investments dedicated to automation of production process, to the implementation of sales network and to a mechanization more and more “intelligent”.

AIMS: in the international field is interested in export of textile products and in the import of technologies and machinery for textile production.

3. ONGOING PROJECTS (in relation to follow-ups and opportunities for Italian companies):

PROJECT A: Eco-industrial Park

The eco-industrial park has as priority aim the industrial cooperation with EU in the sector of energy saving, and the import from Europe of advanced technologies, on green domestic energy, on bio-construction, on energy efficiency and environmental protection. It has already realized demonstrations of ecological footprint, industrial agglomeration of subjects directed to research and development, production, integration and assembly of machinery, international trade, international exchange and cooperation, etc. The industrial park has two parts: one is placed in the coastal zone of the city, in the zone of economic and technological development of Hangzhou Bay, has 81 acres of regional planning, and the built-up area is 20,000 square metres, mainly composed of buildings to be used as offices for meetings, training, trials, demonstrations, scientific and technological tests. The other part has 1,500 acres of surface and mainly gathers companies of industrial production, integrated assembly, and other manufacturing companies.

AIMS: is interested in partnerships in the field of “green” technological innovation and in targeted projects.

PROJECT B: COMPANY Precision Machinery

The company was founded with the share capital of 120 million yuan and a registered working capital of $ 2.2 million. It has 15 integrated machineries for automatic processing of pads. The yearly production of high precision with low noise is 50 million of products strictly bearing the sector certification, in accordance with the quality management system TS16949 of production. The products are widely used in cars, appliances, equipment for office, textile, clothing and other sophisticated parts for a mechanical transmission. The annual turnover relating to sales is 100 million yuan.

AIMS: is interested in partnerships with sectoral companies with high specialization.

PROJECT C: professional transmissions

The company is situated in an area of economic and technological development, produces professional transmissions for trucks, engineering for mechanical gears, gears and torque converters for industrial transmissions and other high-tech mechanical products. Production, sale, and assistance occupy a surface of 100,000 square meters. Market shares, variety, dimensions and quality of products produced, they make it one of the first national sector companies since its birth, with a national supremacy in the technologies of production and a strong capacity for development of the product. The yearly production capacity is 100,000 series of reducers. The principal products are for domestic forklift truck and other parts for builders of building machines. Among the clients also the German Zf, Mitsubishi in Japan, and other main producers in USA and Europe.

AIMS: is interested in commercial partnerships and in the development of innovative technologies.

PROJECT D: Power Machinery

The company sells engines and accessories, with a development, production, and sale export-oriented unit. The company extends on a surface of 135,000 square meters. More than 1,200 employees, more than 250 engineers, and technicians. It has a partnership with the United States and Japan in the sector of advanced of production and improvement of equipment for test laboratories. The company has also a set of advanced AVL machinery for emission tests, imported from Austria. The company also has spectrometers imported from Germany, CMMs, projectors, and other survey equipment. The company is classified as a high-tech national company, with patenting activity, a center of R&D and the annual production capacity will reach 2.5 million units.

AIMS: is interested in commercial and technological cooperation.

PROJECT E: Machinery Manufacturing

The company was founded in a commercial area of 150,000 square meters, worths 150 million yuan, more than 650 workers. The company has passed the ISO9001 certifications of quality management, has won several prizes through brand products in the province of Zhejiang, is one of the biggest companies in the sector in the province of Zhejiang, and among the main high-tech national companies, famous for an ownership brand, one of the most famous trademarks in China. In 2010 sales amounted to 1 billion dollars, the company has already a 30 years history in the production of textile machinery. An independent design, development, product capacity of advanced textile machinery. Main products are: pump-jet looms, electronic looms for jacquard towels. Products are exported to Vietnam, Thailand, Egypt, India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Kenya and other countries, and are sold all over the country, with great satisfaction of clients.

AIMS: is interested in commercial and technological cooperation.

4. INSTITUTIONAL BODIES BEING PART OF THE SHAOXING DELEGATION

COMMERCE MUNICIPAL OFFICE OF SHAOXING

Department of Shaoxing People’s Government, in the province of Zhejiang, which oversees the national and provincial commerce of the province, international trade, organization of foreign investments, foreign investment promotion, economic cooperation, observance of regulations, rules and policies included, also drafts normative documents.

THE SERVICE CENTRE FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENTS OF SHAOXING

Governmental service company capable of promoting foreign investments in Shaoxing, delegated to give sector consultative information, political guidance, business matching with Chinese companies, supervising on the business, supporting start-ups also with free services reserved to foreign investors in Shaoxing.

THE ECONOMIC COMMITTEE FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OF SHAOXING

It organizes the industrial development strategy in the sector of information technologies, organizes special development programs of industry and Information Technology, according to sector standards, orientation, supervision, and control on their application included.

SUPERVISION OFFICE ON THE TECHNOLOGY QUALITY OF SHAOXING CITY

Responsible for the management of quality policies, standardization, metrology, conformity assessment, use of special equipment and supervision of sector security in the Shaoxing city, province of Zhejiang.

THE AREA OF KEQIAO

The area of Keqiao under the jurisdiction of the Shaoxing city, province of Zhejiang, is an important part of the Shaoxing metropolitan city, has a surface of 1066 square kilometers, and its population is 650,000 people. The area of Keqiao is the site of three excellences so-called “the best of China”: the complete production chain of the textile industry, the biggest capacity of textile production, the biggest professional market. It has 17 single markets, and its total market has more than 25,000 registered retailers. Every year almost a quarter of textile products of national global production are commercialized through city structures. The sales network covers 187 countries and territories.

THE ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGIC DEVELOPMENT AREA OF PAOJIANG

The economic and technologic development Paojiang area of Shaoxing covers an area of 118.3 square kilometers, the population is 300,000 inhabitants. The development area is a pole of excellence where mainly companies dedicated to high-profile planning, high-quality manufacturing, industries for high-efficiency development are based, and the area has seen the development of mechanical engineering industry, electronics, food and beverage, environment protection, new materials, biomedicine, latest generation textile sectors.

THE ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL POLE OF KEQIAO ZONE

It is one of the first development poles at the provincial level of Zhejiang province, where the high-tech provincial industrial park has been instituted, a national zone of economic and technological development. The development zone includes traditional sectors of textile, but also electrical machinery, production of car parts, development of strategical emerging industries and high-tech industries, as the car components, electronics and domestic appliances, new energy, new materials, Mechatronics, construction industry, biomedicine, production of smart equipment and other.

THE ECONOMIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT ZONE OF SHANGYU IN HANGZHOU BAY

The economic and technological development zone at the national level of Shangyu in Hangzhou Bay is dedicated to the development of strategical emergent industries and high-end service industry, as the production of sophisticated equipment, car components, innovative energy production, new materials, ecological electrical appliances and other. The development zone has realized urbanely a harmonization between industrial installation and equipped urban green. Rixin Technology Park and Zhongdan eco-industrial park are international industrial parks realized together to speed up the building.

5. REGION OF SHAOXING: GENERAL DESCRIPTION, STRATEGIC POSITION, BUSINESS SECTOR OF EXCELLENCE, GREAT SERVICES FOR COMPANIES WHO ARE SETTING UP AND FACILITIES / FUNDS

OLD CITY RICH IN CHARM, CULTURE, AND AT THE SAME TIME FACES UP TO DEVELOPMENT WITH GREAT DYNAMISM

- Among the first historical and cultural Chinese cities
- Among the first tourist cities of excellence
- City of national civic engagement
- Among the first Chinese cities for environmental protection
- Advanced city for the technological progress
- Prize for the urban residential environment
- Prize for the human residents of UN
- National garden city
- 9 universities
- 20 secondary training schools
- 180 secondary ordinary schools

STRATEGIC GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION, URBAN CONNOTATION AND ECONOMIC PROFILE

- It has a surface of 8,256 square kilometers
- Population: 4.956 million inhabitants
- 3 districts, 2 cities, 1 county
- It is in the north of Zhejiang province, 200 km to Shanghai, 60 km to Hangzhou, 120 km to Ningbo
- From the urban point of view, the city has a history of 2500 years, is called “the country of water, wine, bridge, calligraphy, intellectual celebrities”
- In 2015 the municipality registered a GDP of 446.7 billion CNY, a per capita GDP of 90,017 CNY
- Chinese golden medal city for environment investments, 4 development zones at the national level, 8 economic development parks at the provincial level.
- Roads and logistics: high-speed trains, 6 motorways, seaport, airport.

8 INDUSTRIES OF GREAT IMPORTANCE

- HIGH-END TEXTILE: new textile materials, textile products for high-performance industries, ecological dye, fashion.
- PRODUCTION OF ADVANCED EQUIPMENT: textile dye, robots and smart production, equipment for high performances, energy saving, modern medical machines, modern farm equipment, cars powered by new energies and advanced equipment for traffic management.
- METAL PRODUCTS: emergent metal products of medium and high-end, iron and steel industry, calendaring of new nonferrous metals.
- VITAL HEALTH: health production (medicine, health care products, medical equipment), and health service.
- CULTURAL TOURISM: comic strip, cinematography, innovative design, sport, and culture.
- ECONOMY AND IT: production of electronic information, software and e-commerce service, intelligent production, financed through the internet, cloud calculation, big data, etc.
- MODERN ARCHITECTURE: industrial chain from design to production, to construction and management until logistics.
- GREEN CHEMICAL MATERIALS: biopharmaceutical, new chemical materials, medical equipment, green ecological dyestuffs, pesticides, intermediate pharmaceutical products, special chemical products.

6. GENERIC PRODUCT SECTORS:

- Industrial sector of mechanical engineering, capital, and durable goods, mechanical engineering of accuracy
- Textile sector, clothing, fashion, textile machines, and equipment
- Manufacture of rubber and plastics
- Chemical, chemical-pharmaceutical and pharmaceutical industry
- Energy and natural resources sector, renewable energy, technology and components, environment and ecology
- Footwear and tanning industry
- Sector of furnishings and wood industry, paper, paper stationery, publishing and printing
- Electronics and electronic components, information technology, ITC, communication
- Logistics and transports
- Glass and ceramic industry
- Metal and metal alloy manufacture
- Industry of building materials, buildings, real estate business
- Commerce and distribution, insurance and banking services, business services
- Agri-food industry
- Catering, hospitality, tourism.

LINKS

- CCPIT (China Council for the Promotion of International Trade)
- www.physeon.eu
- www.highqualityitaly.it

BUSINESS MATCHING, B2B MEETINGS, BUSINESS MISSIONS ABROAD

Business Matching, incontri B2B, missioni commerciali estero

BUSINESS MATCHING, B2B MEETINGS, BUSINESS MISSIONS ABROAD

GOALS:

- Participate in Business Matching meeting, B2B meetings, business missions abroad organised by IBS and INADVANCE, in order to give to companies interested in export and internationalization, the opportunity to meet commercial operators and strategical traders for the business development abroad.


WHY TAKE PART?:

- Because there are 4000 international companies from different sectors, linked to our operation system which may represent to you, potential contacts, customers, suppliers and business partners; and trader operators who organise special conferences in order to let you meet.
- Strengthen business relationships with developed and emerging countries.
- Facilitate networking processes and useful interactions between delegations of different countries and Italian entrepreneurs, thanks to our company network.

SECTORS:

- Agri-food;
- Chemistry;
- Cosmetic;
- Energy;
- Infrastructures;
- Steel industry;
- Packaging;
- Textile;
- Commercial vehicles.

B2B AND BUSINESS MISSIONS MEETINGS SCHEDULE :

• Company analysis and commercial strategy evaluation
• Business-to-business meetings with foreign interested counterparts;
• Customised agenda of “one to one” business matching in Italy and abroad.
• Customers welcome and assistance during meetings.
• Continuous support by one of our experts
• Detailed report after meetings

CALENDARY:

The calendar of meeting will be created in agreement with the company needs.

SCHEDULED EVENTS Book your participation

ORGANISERS:

IBS supports Italian companies, especially SME to enter in foreign markets, strengthening business relationships with foreign parts. This is possible thanks to its DESKS which are placed in different foreign zones. It has professional experts who advise entrepreneurs in their businesses and safely integrate them in the most suitable markets through analysis and accurate strategies.

INADVANCE supports companies in the strategical changing process of their business toward new markets. The Inadvance method puts into action business goals, making change a competitive advantage. It gives to its customers a clear vision of the path and it guarantees to companies a solid structure in order to face foreign market challenges.

INFORMATION ABOUT B2B AND BUSINESS MISSION MEETINGS

contact IBS by mail

FAQ

FAQ
PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM – READ IT CAREFULLY BEFORE SENDING SITES

EN FAQ PV

FAQ – WHAT TO CONSIDER

WHICH ARE THE LANDS / SITES TO CONSIDER ?

- Agricultural lands larger than 10 Hectares to be connected in high voltage power ( HV / MV ) through Single Authorization
- Agricultural lands from 5 – 6 Hectares to be connected in medium voltage power ( MV ) through Single Authorization
- Industrial lands from 3 Hectares ( without superior limit ) to be connected with medium voltage ( MV ) or high voltage power ( HV ) through Single Authorization
- Both agricultural and industrial lands of 2 Hectares and power less than 1 MW through simplified authorisation procedure .
EXCEPTIONS :
- Abruzzi : it is better to focus on industrial lands because of the current legislation
- Lombardy : it is better to focus on industrial lands because of the current provisions
- Sardinia : currently it is only possible installing on industrial lands
CHARACTERISTICS OF SITES :
- Mostly flat lands or with a moderate slope ( less than 15 % )
- Only a few investors adopt the fixed system and so they accept higher slopes

FAQ – WHAT TO SEND
WHICH INFORMATION SHOULD I SEND FOR EACH LAND IN THE PRELIMINARY PHASE ?

1. KMZ WITH THE PERIMETER OF THE LAND
How to download Google Earth to produce it : https://www.google.it/earth/download/gep/agree.html
If you have any doubts about how to trace the KMZ perimeter of the land and to save the file with kmz extension :
- Guided explanation : http://www.doingbusinessibs.it/news/opportunita/google-earth/?lang=it
- YouTube video : Click here
- Telephone support for tracing it : +39 348 2920146 ( required time 2 minutes )
Question : Why are number of cadastral sheet and parcels, cadastral document or map sheet not sufficient ?
Answer : Because the first analysis is about the conformation of the site and the costs of the electrical connection , therefore the KMZ is indispensable to carry out all the checks .

2. GENERAL TAB
Question : What is the tab completed through Excel file for ?
Answer : to enter the general information ( Region, Province, Municipality ), if the ownership is interested in ceding the leasehold estate or in selling the site, if the economic expectations are known . In addition it is very important to specify if there is any mortgage, community contribution or something else that should be highlighted about the site .
LINK to download the Excel file : Click here

3. CADASTRAL INFORMATION AND CERTIFICATES FOR RESTRICTION ANALYSIS
Minimum information required : number of cadastral sheet and parcels
Information to be attached when available : cadastral map / title search, certificate of town planning use class
NOTES :
- After the checks the certificate of town planning use class will be mandatory for all sites
- The certificate of town planning use class is necessary even in the early stage for small fields ( 3, 4, 5 Hectares) . If available, it is better to attach the mentioned certificate, for other bigger fields ( more than 10 Hectares ), otherwise it will be requested by the land owner to the city hall after the confirmation of interest, before proceeding .
- Exception for small sites where the certificate of town planning use class will arrive or it has already been requested: in that case the rest of the documents can be sent and when the certificate will arrive, the documentation will be completed with the missing document . The same is true if the certificate is not available, but the city hall or someone else has made a verification of restrictions and it is able to demonstrate that the site is suitable and there are no restrictions .

4. TRANFORMER CABINETS

- We have the Italian trasmission grid with the map of high-voltage and extra – high voltage transformer cabinets, for lands larger than 10 Hectares to be connected in high voltage .
- For small lands ( 3 – 6 Hectares ), we have a partial map of the medium voltage transformer cabinets, therefore we appreciate a picture of the M.V. transformer cabinet close to the land, with its Google coordinates, so that we can see if it is suitable and measure the distance from the land .

FAQ – WHAT TO AVOID
WHAT TO PAY ATTENTION WHEN YOU SEND THE DOCUMENTS ?

Here there are some guidelines in the light of the problems experienced during our business. It is recommended to follow as much as possible these procedures for a proper management of the flow of information .
1. USE THE EMAIL
To optimize the time, avoid getting confused or even worse, risk losing documents or information. Save in exceptional cases, all documents have to be sent by e-mail . The use of Whatsapp is allowed in special cases for heavy attachments or after agreeing to derogate from the rule .

2. SEND A SITE WHEN ALL THE INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE
Since we receive numerous lands and sites from all Italy every day and considering the existence of a coordination centre with competent technicians ( electrical technicians, restriction experts, project and commercial managers, etc. ), it is recommended to send a site when all the information is available, and to specify identification data in the subject line, for additions after the first send, in order to clearly locate the site . Example: 13 Hectares Mr Jack Place Street Region .

3. FILTER THE SITES WITH CHARACTERISTICS SUCH AS TO MAKE THEM UNSUITABLE AT FIRST SIGHT
We ask you to filter sites presenting inappropriate characteristics for the installation of photovoltaic panels and where this is clearly evident :
- Wide coverings of shrubs .
- Olive groves where the shift in an identified area has not already been defined by the owner . This happens because the presence of olive trees or protected plants determine the application of strict rules and so in most cases it is not possible to uproot them but they must be replanted elsewhere .
- Lands with an high slope and incompatible with the installation of panels, unless areas with high slopes invest a small or limited portion, compared to the overall attractiveness of the site . However, another aspect less clear ( where we carry out internal checks ) is the situation in which there is a not excessive slope but that is opposite to that favourable north-south, therefore a south-north slope . This situation leads to less energy performance of the panels and therefore it is less accepted compared to the other slopes .

4. SUBCOLLABORATORS
Those who manage sub – collaborators have to consider it in the sending of documents, by identifying a code or an acronym to place before the name of the site for each collaborator, to correctly direct the land in the appropriate area of competence .

GO BACK TO HOME PAGE PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM

THANK YOU FOR YOUR COLLABORATION
IBS ENERGY

FAQ
WIND ENERGY – READ BEFORE SENDING SITES

EN wind power FAQ

FAQ – WHAT TO CONSIDER
WHICH ARE THE LANDS TO CONSIDER ?

Agricultural and industrial lands, dimension depending on the installable power, preferably lands situated on ridges and summits, generally sites exposed to strong wind, wind speed equal to or higher than 5 meters per second ( > 5 mt / s ) , measured according to the annual average wind speed at 100 mt a.l.l. / a.s.l. ( 100 mt above land level / above sea level ) .
HOW TO VERIFY WINDINESS
- Go to the website Interactive Wind Atlas http://atlanteeolico.rse-web.it/
- Select : “ Annual average wind speed at 100 mt a.l.l. / a.s.l. “ at the left
- Zoom the map in the area of interest and focus on yellow, orange, pink, purple, light blue and blue areas, with wind speed equal to or higher than 5 meters per second ( > 5 mt / s )

FAQ – WHAT TO SEND

WHICH INFORMATION DO I HAVE TO SEND FOR EACH LAND INITIALLY ?

1. FILE .KMZ WITH THE PERIMETER OF THE LAND
How to download Google Earth to produce the KMZ: https://www.google.it/earth/download/gep/agree.html
If you have any doubts about how to trace the KMZ perimeter of the land and save it with .kmz extension :
- Guided illustration : http://www.doingbusinessibs.it/news/opportunita/google-earth/?lang=it
- Watch the YouTube video : Click Here
- Telephone support to trace the KMZ : +39 348 2920146 ( required time 2 minutes )
Question : Why are number of cadastral sheet and parcels, cadastral document or map sheet not sufficient ?
Answer : Because the first verification focuses on conformation of the site and costs of electrical connection, therefore the KMZ file is fundamental for the checks .

2. GENERAL TAB
Question : Why do I have to send the completed Excel file ?
Answer : for basic information ( Municipality, Province, Region ), to know if the owner wants to cede the leasehold estate or he prefers to sell the land, and the possible economic expectations, if known . It is also important to indicate if there is any mortagage, community or non-repayable contribution and other information that must be highlighted about renting or sale of the land .
LINK for downloading the Excel file : Click Here

3. CADASTRAL DOCUMENT AND INFORMATION FOR RESTRICTION ANALYSIS
Minimum information required : Cadastral sheet and Parcels
Information to be attached when available : cadastral map / title search from the Italian Revenue Agency, certificate of town planning use class
Additional NOTES :
- After verifications, you will need to request the CDU to the city hall for all sites, before proceeding .
- At an early stage the CDU is fundamental also for sites of 3 – 6 Hectares . For sites larger than 10 Hectares if the CDU is available you can attach it, otherwise it will be requested by the owner to the Ufficio Urbanistica e Territorio (Urban Planning Office and Territory) of your Municipality after confirmation, before proceeding .
- Exceptions for small lands where the certificate of town planning use class has been requested : in that case the available documents can be sent before the CDU . However, if the CDU has not yet been requested, you can propose convincing arguments stating that the land has no restrictions of any kind .

FAQ – WHAT TO AVOID
IN THE SENDING OF DOCUMENTS

Here there are some guidelines in the light of the problems experienced during our business . We suggest you to follow these modalities for a better information management .

1. USE ONLY THE MAIL TO SEND DOCUMENTS
All the documents must be sent by e-mail to avoid confusion or to risk losing information and documents . Except when the sending via Whatsapp is accepted for heavy attachments, anyway after agreeing the modality with IBS .

2. SEND A LAND WHEN ALL THE INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE
We receive daily several sites from numerous Regions therefore, it is important to send a land when the information is entirely available, in order to facilitate the information sharing to technicians ( restriction experts, electrical and commercial technicians, project managers ). For additional documents and additions after the first sending, it is recommended to specify the details of the site in the subject line, so that it is identifiable uniquely . Example: 20 Hectares Mr. Johnson Place Street Region .

3. SUBCOLLABORATORS
For collaborators who manage subcollaborators, when sending documents use an acronym or code for each collaborator to be indicated before the name of the land, to save the data of the site in the appropriate archive .

RETURN TO THE PAGE OF WIND ENERGY

THANK YOU FOR YOUR COLLABORATION
IBS ENERGY