ASK FOR AN ESTIMATE FOR PELLET:
SOME INFORMATION ABOUT PELLETS:
QUANTITY OF PELLET : this is an essential information to get to formulate an offer; moreover it is important to specify if the request that you are making is a SPOT or CONSTANT request and in that case whether there is to be a contract of purchase of 12 months or more.
PACKAGING : this depends on the supplier. However, usually 15 kg BAGS, BIG BAGS of different sizes ( 186 kg or more) or BULKS are possible. The smaller is the packaging size, the higher is the cost for tonne.
PLACE OF DELIVERY OF THE GOODS AND INCOTERMS : THERE ARE DIFFERENT TERMS OF RETURNS ACCORDING TO THE SUPPLIER AND THE PLACE OF DELIVERY OF THE PELLETS. In most cases, unless the client has different preferences, the product can be delivered duty paid customer enterprise or through Incoterms 2010 DAT, DAP.
LENGTH : the most required standard of length for the pellet is 6 mm. However, if any particular need should be present, it is preferable to indicate the dimension on the request.
COLOUR : on the basis of the material of which the pellet is made it can be of different colours, from cream-white to brown. Please specify the colour required if this aspect represents a binding element.
ASHES % : please specify the remaining ashes % which are desired or accepted from the buyer. It would be preferable if this value could be expressed as follows: “ ashes below 2%”, “below 1%”, “below 0,50 %” or indicate the value in your case.
PRODUCT CERTIFICATION : the product can be delivered with the EN PLUS A1 / A2, DIN PLUS certification and sometimes the production of the certification has an extra cost.
CERTIFICATION OF ABSENCE OF RADIOACTIVITY : IN THE PAST AND ONLY FOR UKRAINE / BIELORUSSIAN PELLET A CERTIFICATION FOR THE ABSENCE OF RADIOACTIVITY ON THE PRODUCT WAS REQUIRED. However, it is unusual that this is required also for the two territories specified.
CONTACT US to require an ESTIMATE indicating your references and the TYPE of PELLET of interest, the QUANTITY (specifying if it is a constant or spot request), PLACE OF DELIVERY of pellets, possible specification relative to PACKAGING, LENGTH of pellet, COLOUR of pellet, REMAINING ASHES, CERTIFICATION if required.
We will contact you as soon as possible to communicate the information required and to formulate an OFFER ! Thank you for contacting us and for your Attention!
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- Trading and Commodities
WHAT IS PELLET
Pellet is a biofuel that comes in little cylinders, ranging from 10 to 50 mm long and from 6 to 10 mm diameter; they are made of wood or by-products from wood or cellulose production, such as wood chips, beech, fir and pine sawdust, of pine cones, cellulose waste and by-products of paper-making. Other materials used are by-products of seeds processing or vegetable biomass processing, like rapeseed oil, vegetable oil, and so on.
RAW MATERIAL FOR PELLET PRODUCTION
Raw materials need to be pollutant and chemicals free, which might originate steam, gas or dangerous and toxic substances when burning. Moreover, it is important to dry raw materials, so that their residual relative humidity is not too high: around 15%. This percentage should guarantee the correct compression. The quality of the original raw materials determines the quality of the pellet, and therefore cost reduction for pellet production.
Pellet is obtained through the following manufacturing process: firstly, a system of cylinders compresses the raw material, which is introduced through some auger conveyors. Secondly, the material passes through the holes of a wiredrawing machine at controlled temperature: this machine produces a continuous filament that needs to be cut and reduced to small cylinders of the desired size, according to its various purposes. Those cylinders are then air cooled.
Lignin overlaying cellulose turns into adhesive during the compression: its properties will give a compact product without adding too much chemicals. The final product is a fuel that guarantees great performances. Some other substances, like starch and flour, may be added to the mixture as to facilitate compression (2% maximum). They increase resistance to abrasion. Powder elements should not exceed 1% in the final product.
Pellet and solid biomass combustion, that are increasingly growing, produces carbon dioxide, gases typical of vegetal biomasses and some ashes, whose percentage varies according to the raw materials used.
High-quality pellet usually have less than 0.50% of ash content, whereas medium-quality pellet around 1%; finally, poorer quality pellet has up to 1.50% of ash content. Due to raw material compression, pellet has a double calorific value than firewood, volume being equal. You can use pellet fuel into latest generation stoves and you can obtain some incentives or tax deduction when purchasing one of them. They are more fuel-efficient and eco-friendly compared to traditional woodstoves, thus allowing saving money on heating.
As stated before, pellet fuel can be obtained from raw materials apart from cellulose: therefore, by using several different by-products, pellet manufacturing saves plants and forests.
SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF PELLET AND INDICATIVE VALUES
Lenght: 10 – 50 mm
Diametre: 6 – 10 mm
Bulk density: 1150 – 1400 kg/m3
Stacked Volume: 600-650 stacked m3
Moisture content level: 8-12 %
Calorific value: 4.7-5 KWh/kg
Ash: 0.30 – 1.5%
- CIA Confederazione Italiana Agricoltori (Italian Confederation of Farmers)