SUMMARY BUSINESS NEWS IBS

NEWS

breaking news IBS

BREAKING NEWS – CONTACT US – for further information

RENEWABLE :

- RENEWABLE GRID PARITY PV ITALY – WE ARE LOOKING FOR LAND PLOTS TO BUILD GRID PARITY PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATIONS : IBS, as sole spokesperson, will be the legal person that will organize all the bureaucratic procedure from the submission of the request to connect to the electrical line to the obtaining of the Autorizzazione Unica, in order to start building the installation . Agreements are being made with the investors, who want to buy the Authorizations, once they are granted . Investors are interested in installations ; whose size goes from 5 MW to 50 MW or more without limits . We encourage anyone who can point out not only plots, but also ready to build Authorization, to contact our managers .

OTHERS:

- ITALY : on behalf of many purchasers ready to buy we look for installations or photovoltaic parks linked to the grid, the earth, the pursuit, bus shelters, rooftops .
- ITALY : we are seeking concessions both for photovoltaic and eolic projects in order to build installations of nominal output 10 – 20 MW and more without limits .
- POLAND : we are seeking concessions and projects for parks to be set up from 1 MW without superior limit for specialized Fund within the Photovoltaic .
- PROJECTS AND ABROAD INSTALLATIONS : for investors we are seeking installations connected to the grid already that may benefit from incentives or buildable projects with all the ready authorisations and tariff with state body both in the Photovoltaic and in the Eolic field .

ABROAD CONSTRUCTION JOB ORDER :
- Availability of jobs within the construction sector and financed infrastructural construction job order to be performed in some non-EU countries . We will provide further information after request by interested Companies .

REAL ESTATE :
- Availability of trade structures at income in the market. In this moment mandate for sale of a commercial centre .
- On behalf of an investor we look for a heaven earth building in the city centre of Milan with active lease fee .
- We are looking for investors for important projects of housing development with a viability plan already performed and with operator available to detect the real estate already .

TRADING :
- Food & Beverage Products list and offer
- Vegetable Oils : sunflower oil, soybean oil, corn oil, rapeseed oil, palm oil, UCO .
- Fuel and products Oil & Gas : procedures and products list directly from the refineries .
- Chips and Pellet : we have producers in America and Canada, Russia, South America, South Africa who can supply products in whole ships at competitive prices.

SUMMARY BUSINESS NEWS IBS

ibs-news-sommario

NEWS SUMMARY

News Business Opportunities Abroad and Funds

AGRIBUSINESS and FOOD FARMING CHAINS : for tomato, dairy and meat, and poultry food farming chains, greenhouses / systems for protected crops or agribusiness projects CLICK HERE .

FOREIGN COMMISSIONS : we have proxy and contact, through our network, with the leaderships of primary importance firms on the national and international scenery. These are firms interested in commissions in foreign countries on industrial sectors, construction, and energy. Following a few examples:
ENERGY: power station, gas turbines, steam turbines (120 MW), intelligent energy solutions, generating sets, marine generating sets, pumps, lighting tower also with lithium batteries, electrical generators, energy transformation, and distribution. Pipelines gas, refineries, service etc.
CONSTRUCTIONS AND INFRASTRUCTURES: hospitals, airports, bridges, dams, schools, harbors, hotels, roads, nonpetroleum perforations, etc.… In the case of dwellings or private facilities, a local high standing promoter is necessary.
HOSPITAL SECTOR AND MEDICAL DEVICES: furniture of beds and recovery rooms, operating rooms, planning and supplying “turnkey”, furniture with stainless steel design for operating rooms and sterilization rooms.

HOTEL SECTOR, CONTRACT & RESIDENTIAL: furniture ” interior design” and “living”, furniture “stuffed and curtains”, with possible supplying “turnkey”, for four/five/five-star luxury hotels, for potential clients all over the world. Kitchen furnishings, both for Hotels and for residential construction.

ELECTRICAL SUBJECT: electrification, machinery, revamping, optical fiber, etc.
AGRICULTURE: milk industries, tomatoes industries, processing plants, agricultural projects with the sale of animals and industries, machinery included etc.
WATER SUBJECT: purification, desalination, perforations, etc.
PACKAGING SUBJECT: creation of industries in food and pharmaceutical packaging, etc.
In case of contacts with the general contractor, institutions, able to produce commissions in a juridical context as an announcement, direct award, creation of a local company, joint venture please take contact with IBS through the page Contacts on the Menu.
Funding: in the case a funding would be requested in countries with a limited financial capacity, specialised funds are connect to the network, which can value if intervene and finance the activities especially in the case of major works, after verifying the availability of the country Central Bank where the works are budgeted, to issue appropriate guarantees.

BRAZILIAN BUSINESS TOUR , BUSINESS MISSION ITALY – BRAZIL. The Brazilian Business Tour, an important event promoted by industrial institutions, Italian and Brazilian bilateral associations and institutions, will occur in different cities like Recife, Fortaleza, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Curitiba, Florianopolis, São Paulo. The tour has the status of a business mission intended to create new business opportunities between Italian and Brazilian firms, it provides an institutional introduction to which meetings B2B in business rounds format will follow.
Main sectors:
Agro-industry (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Ceará, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Pernambuco)
Footwear (Ceará, Pernambuco, Minas Gerais)
Cosmetic, Pharmaceutical e Biomedical (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Ceará)
Energy (Ceará, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Pernambuco )
Infrastructure (Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro)
Steelworker (Santa Catarina, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro)
Mining (Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Ceará, Minas Gerais)
Nautical and Naval (Santa Catarina, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul)
Oil & Gas (Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Pernambuco)
Textile (Santa Catarina, Caerá, Pernamubuco, Minas Gerais)
For detail information, to access to the reserved page to download the brochure it is necessary to send your references and business data through the page CONTACTS of the website.

BULGARIA BUSINESS MISSIONS : through the General Confederation of Bulgarian Industry, business missions, meetings B2B and partner research, tax benefits and productive hub. Furthermore, a wide range of services is provided by professional offices of excellence in the legal, tax and fiscal, administrative fields, employee management and payslip included, as well as regulations related to labor law and quality assurance.

FUNDING FOR START-UP CANARIES, TENERIFE : business opportunities, tax breaks, funding and funds for innovative Start-ups on the sectors IT, electronics, automation, scientific research, nanotechnology, biotechnology, other news. The Special Zone Canaria (ZEC), Free Zone Tenerife (ZFT), customs and fiscal facilities, and other news.

CHINESE INCOMING FIRMS IN ITALY : Chinese delegations in Italy, firms selected by CCPIT and Chinese institutions, which meet Italian firm with specific purposes in the context of focused B2B meetings, strategic and commercial partnerships. Sectors: textile, mechanics, automotive, energy, chemical, pharmaceutical, medical, technological and innovation patents, Information and Communications Technology ITC, and lastly food and beverage and food farming products and other news.

MADE IN ITALY EXPORT IN CHINA : through Italian companies based in China and property digital agencies, the Italian firms can export the Made in Italy in China. Through e-commerce platforms and social channels, the Italian products are offered to 600 millions of people (on average connected to the internet every day), through B2C and B2B channels, everything managed by an advanced system ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning). At the expense of the Italian firm a commercial commission on the sold out that includes front end, back end, lead to cash, operation services and shipping to the final purchaser. It’s like the Italian firm has in outsourcing its own distribution branch in China. The Italian firm would take care of providing the product that wants to commercialize cleared through customs in China, plus potential promotions. For some products, they can transit FTZ (Free Trade Zone) paying customs duties (that are the import expenses or the customs clearance of the product), after the sale has been perfected, with the possibility of serving also bordering countries that have FTZ agreements with China (for example Malaysia). Also the production of certificates in order to insert the product in China in accordance with the law is by the firm and an assistance for that is provided. All the categories of product are allowed (food, clothing and fashion, furniture, luxury, etc.), however when we will receive an expression of interest we shall do a preliminary feasibility analysis. Please submit the request for further information through the page CONTACTS.

OPPORTUNITIES ON ECOWAS COUNTRIES : through non-governmental organizations NGO and a delegate of ECOWAS, supranational entity linked to 54 African states, it is possible to identify focused possibilities of investment, both in the social field and in the business and different fields, from buildings, to energy and infrastructures for different types of investors. Through ECOWAS it is possible to establish a direct dialogue with the leaders of the member states institutions, with people who cover the highest offices. It is possible to obtain news and first-hand information, together with submitting developing projects, on the basis of strategical development lines, planned with Development Banks and with International Donors.

RUSSIA: Possibility for Italian Firm to be represented in Russia in trade show contexts, in business meetings, or in events organized to promote bilateral business opportunities between Russia and Italy, by salespersons, agents, or commercial consultants Italian – Russian. In addition to a private channel, opportunities made available by the General Confederation of Russian Industry and by Russian consuls in the framework of cooperation with Italian industrial associations also exist. This cooperation makes accessible packages for SMEs with extremely contained prices, with an array of services that range from a support for an opportunity scouting, to an operative support also structured for firms interested in Russian territory, which want to install in Russia, or participate to commissions, in the areas of Moscow, Saint Petersburg, other more strategical regions, but also territories with high potential and less known, together with countries with Free Trade Agreement and free exchange with Russia, as Belarus, Kazakhstan, Serbia. Other sectors that we point out are: oil and gas, automotive, medical, agriculture, biotech and tender for commissions in different fields.

KAZAKHSTAN BUSINESS : Business opportunities in Kazakhstan, representative office in prestigious structure near government institutions, with possibility of rents at very low prices for offices and headquarters or for outsourcing services with local personnel. Opportunity on the renewable energy sector, at Expo 2017 in Aksana and other news.

JAPAN, KOREA, MADE IN ITALY : opportunity of Made in Italy export in Japan and Korea. “Tesori d’Italia” magazine and promotion of Italian brands of excellence. Meetings B2B with buyers, distributors. Expository spaces in Nagoya at Galleria Italia with over 25.000 visits of specialized operators.

UGANDA : business opportunity in Uganda, list of active services, opportunity on the renewable energy sector, photovoltaic parks and PPP with purchase of energy produced, together with different types of opportunities, for example on the construction sector, electrification, public works, on the mining field.

MAURITANIA FISHING SECTOR : opportunities on the fishing sector in Mauritania, an extremely fishy zone of West Africa, through the elaboration of fishing products and successive commercialisation on the region and adjacent countries.

PHOTOVOLTAIC PARK IN VENTURE CAPITAL : investors for the construction of photovoltaic plants with PPP and rates to arrange with government authorities, (depending on where the parks would place, on the average solar radiation, and if the target areas are devoid of electric covering, therefore on the country priorities). The whole thing in territories of high radiation and in the face of multi-annual purchase agreements of the produced energy, guaranteed by insurances recognized by the International Monetary Fund, however in areas not subjected to disorders or risks of political, economic or operative nature, considered above of the acceptable threshold.

HIGHLIGHTS : business opportunities on foreign countries both on the European Union and extra-EU countries in different commodity-related sectors and other news.

ICE BRUSSELS : tenders, contracts, third countries programs, extra-EU tenders, tax benefits, funding and opportunities through ICE Brussels and other news.

ITALIAN REGIONAL FUNDS: Allocated funds for the development of areas in the center and in the south of Italy. These are funds and funding that favor occupational projects or innovative patents and innovative start-ups that have repercussion on the territories in terms of employment and revival of the productive and socio-economic industries. For information and news contact us for an estimation of your entrepreneurial project. It is advisable to have a preliminary synthetic business plan.

News Food and Beverage and Commodities

AGRI-FOOD CATALOGUE AND OFFERS : agro-food catalogue with agricultural and food products of excellence as Parmesan Reggiano, different cheeses, Parma ham, hams and cold meats also PDO, durum wheat dried pasta in different formats and different protein content, Neapolitan fresh pasta, rice, tomato, fresh and frozen fish, sauces and preserves, vegetables, mushrooms, truffle, fruits, legumes, cereals, coffee, milk, ice cream, plain and sparkling water, white wines, red wines, sparkling wines, Muscats, olive oil and extra virgin olive oil, and other Made in Italy products + some imported products, some commodities as sugar, flours, wheat, vegetable oil both rough and refined (sunflower oil, corn oil, soy oil) etc. included. Continuing offers, spot offers, stock offers.

ALLERGENS-FREE PASTA : we are responsible for finding pasta buyers and distributors with innovative features, in the different variation of fresh pasta, dried pasta, filled pasta, completely allergens-free (no gluten, no eggs, no lactose, no mono e diglycerides), also with certified vegan and BIO versions. A perfect combination of tastiness and health. Global innovation, pasta is supplemented by fibers and vitamins with the addition of vegetables and legumes; in this way, it has also a glycemic index very low.

FOOD & BEVERAGE TOP OF THE LINE : BIO and top of the line food and beverage. Firms of made in Italy excellence, products at the top in terms of product quality, BIO certification, organoleptic properties and health. From rice to pasta, from wine of high-quality grapes to extra virgin oil of primary quality, products with unique nutritive properties.

MIXED BERRIES AND FROZEN MUSHROOMS: a Russian producer market leader of mixed berries and frozen mushrooms is looking for buyers and strategical partnership to develop the opening in Italy and Europe.

WINE, WINES, WINE CELLARS FROM OLTREPO’ PAVESE: IBS is pleased to promote high quality wines from best Wine Cellars, origin from Oltrepo’ Pavese in Italy. RED WINES : O.P. BARBERA, also Oak barrel (barriques) aged. ROSSO RUBINO, sweet red wine made from Croatina grapes (100%). O.P. BONARDA, from pure Croatina grapes. O.P. BUTTAFUOCO, made by blending Croatina, Barbera and Uva Rara grapes. VINACERO, made from Pinot Noir grapes vinified red. O.P. BARBERA this is the not sparkling version of Barbera. WHITE WINES : O.P. PINOT NERO, made from Pinot noir (85%) and Chardonnay (15%) grapes. O.P. RIESLING ITALICO, white wine made from 80% Italic Riesling grapes and 20% Rhine Riesling variety. CROSE’ , rosé wine made from Pinot Noir grapes vinified rosé. O.P. CHARDONNAY, white aromatic dry wine made from 100% Chardonnay grapes. PINOT GRIGIO, white wine, full, yellow pale, with delicate fragrance and pleasantly soft flavor. LACLIMA, chardonnay, oak barrel (barriques) aged. LACLIMA is made with the grapes from our “Prumù” vineyards. SPARKLING WINES : PINOT SPUMANTE CHARMAT (SPARKLING), made from Pinot Noir grapes, vinified white by Charmat method. ROSE’ SPUMANTE CHARMAT (SPARKLING), made from Pinot Noir grapes, vinified pink by Charmat method. PINOT SPUMANTE BRUT (SPARKLING), made from Pinot Noir grapes (85%) and Chardonnay grapes (15%). MOSCATO DI VOLPARA, traditional recipe, sparkling, and passito which is made from Moscato grapes left to dry on the wine stocks until late November. For further information please contact us.

WHISKY: a distillery in Slovenia can provide high-quality whiskey with industrial production in bulk or in bottle at prices of great interest for wholesalers and sellers.

MINING PRODUCTS: haematite, limestone, bentonite, barite crystals, white and ochre talc, calcium carbonate, limonite, directly from the producer through property mine, importing firms or buyers on the paint sector or users of the above-mentioned products.

PELLET PRODUCERS : dimension 6-8 mm, colour both and dark pellets, competitive costs per tonne, detailed information available (product fiche and description), supply both through packaging bulks as big bag 1000 kg, and bags from 15 kg. Ashes 0,23 – 0,27% very low, because the used raw material is first-rate wood used for the design and construction of wooden houses and the remains are used for the pellet production. Pellet both for civil use top of the line, and for industrial use. Logistics and delivery both by truck and by ship. Minimum order 1 container or 1 truck.

WOODEN TRUNKS AND FIREWOOD PRODUCER : firewood and wooden trunks producer. For an estimate contact us indicating quantity, diameter, type of wood and humidity. Logistics through ship, train and truck.

VEGETABLE OILS : We make available vegetable oils, refined, crude or degummed products at competitive prices through Refineries located in Ukraine, Russia, Malaysia, The Philippines, Bulgaria and Hungary. Available vegetable oils : sunflower oil, csfo, corn oil, soybean oil, palm oil, cpo, colza oil, palm methyl ester, palmrdb – cp 8 / cp 10, UCO ( used cooking oil ) . The packaging can be both in PET bottles with a capacity of 1, 2, 5, 10 liters, and in bulk or flexitank, depending on the type of product. CIF delivery basis, 2.00 % performance bond. For further information, please contact us.

SUNFLOWER OIL PRODUCER : sunflower oil producer with Black Sea origin, raw or refined product, it is possible to provide both bulks and bottles, competitive price, minimum 1 container/month by ship or road transport minimum order 1 truck.

COCOA : unrefined cocoa in seeds to grind, origin Ivory Coast, the world’s largest producer of cocoa beans for the following chocolate production.

COMMODITIES : different commodities, from the top quality made in Italy products listed at the Borsa di Parma (such as Parmigiano Reggiano, Prosciutto di Parma and other cold cuts, tomato-derived products, fodder, grain, meal etc.) , to vegetable seeds (sunflower oil, corn oil, soybean oil, palm oil, rapeseed oil), to petroleum products, (fuel, oil and gas), metal and others. For INFORMATION, requests and other news send us a mail.

STOCKS : stock of merchandise, of various typology, from food, to wines and beverage, sauces and spices, clothing and accessories (shirts, bathrobes, etc.), furnishings and bed sheets (mattress covers, rags, etc.), household articles (lamps, etc.) and kitchen (pans, knives, etc.), design articles, clocks, jewels, article for the house-cleaning, etc.

FUELS AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS: IBS has direct relationships with official agents of Refineries from Russia, Middle East, South America, Libya, Iraq and Iran. The FOB and CIF purchasing procedures and the main products provided are indicated in the specific page. Click on the link to visit the Fuels page. Complete list of Products :
JP54 AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54 JET FUEL
JET FUEL JPA1 ( AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE A1 )
RUSSIAN D2 GAS OIL GOST ( DIESEL ) LO 2 62 GOST 305 82 ORIGIN
MAZUT 100 GOST 10585 99
MAZUT M100 GOST 10585 75
DIESEL GAS OIL ULTRA LOW SULPHUR DIESEL 50 / 10 PPM / EN590
ULTRA-LOW SULPHUR DIESEL 50 PPM
RUSSIAN DIESEL OIL EN 590 10 PPM
VIRGIN LOW POUR DIESEL FUEL OIL ( D6 )
LIQUEFIELD PETROLEUM GAS ( PROPANE ( C3H8 ) 50 % + BUTANE ( C4H10 ) SEPARATED ( LPG )
LIQUEFIELD NATURAL GAS 5542 87 ( LNG )
RUSSIA EXPORT BLENDS CRUDE GOST 9965 76
RUSSIA EXPORT BLEND CRUDE GOST 51 858 2002 ( R.E.B.C.O )
AUTOMOTIVE GASOIL ( AGO )
GASOLINE 93 OCTANES RUSSIAN ORIGIN
GASOLINE 89 OCTANES RUSSIAN ORIGIN
GASOLINE 87 OCTANES RUSSIAN ORIGIN
COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS ( CNG )
UREA GRANULAR AND PRILLED RUSSIAN ORIGINS
BITUMEN / PETROLEUM ASPHALT
FUEL OIL CST180
PETROLEUM COKE
BASE OIL SN 500
BASE OIL SN 150

Niche and foreign partnership business news, latest news

Thanks to our foreign network, we have direct contact with agents and ownerships, opportunity promoters that we recommend to follow. For requests or offers contact us.

REAL ESTATE MOROCCO : real estate project in Morocco in Casablanca, luxury apartment buildings with advanced domotics, ventilation systems, smart city project.

PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS: buyers, distributors and strategical partnerships for pharmaceutical products in surgery and regenerative medicine, tissues, equipment, and biotechnologies are required.

MERGING AND ACQUISITION OPERATIONS: merging and acquisitions in the sectors biomedical pharmaceutical and orthopedic devices, ICT augmented reality and internet of things, food, catering, plastics, electromechanical, components. Kind of deals: start-up, turnaround, acquisition, acquisition/capital increase. Available info: risk level, actual enterprise value, turnover, EBITDA (%), net funding position, growth potential / achievable turnover, requirement object of the round, share sold with the round, expected IRR, way-out period (nr. years), way-out cash multiple, exit strategy, potential partners of the operation. Write us an email indicating your business data and your contact personal references and detail information will be provided.

CONCESSIONS OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES sale of concessions on the renewable sector – PPA (power purchase agreement). Examples: aeolian project Brazil, aeolian project Greece, photovoltaic project Jordan, photovoltaic project Egypt and photovoltaic Morocco. Turnkey plants also available.

KNOW-HOW SALE : stone elements for interiors sector for extra-EU countries, assistance on the phase of productive and operative facility start-up, training of the staff included.

OIL PRODUCTS : through a distributive company product in Italy with 26 platforms of ownership dislocated on the national territory, we can facilitate the contract for the supply of the following products. METHANE through primary refineries and societies with the monopoly of the distribution in Europe of the product therefore with a discount compared to secondary distributors. LPG and PROPANE, DIESEL (EN 590 – 10 PPM, PETROL. For big buyers, end users or end buyers of big quantities this company can manage directly the relation with the refineries, therefore, can organize the transport of big volumes with competitive prices by ship. Also of JP54 and other products.

MINING INVESTMENTS in Morocco, Tanzania, Colombia and in addition investments in Cu, Ni, Graphite, Lithium trough companies located in Canada e Switzerland. Top-level lawyers and banks.

INNOVATIVE DROPSHIPPING START-UP : sometimes indicated as drop ship, innovative start-up which presents a better business model than the business model of the companies on the market. Dropshipping permits an increase of the sales volume, enabling the management of the logistics also on foreign commissions. The peculiarity is that the goods are in the warehouse of the supplier and the seller, who is a separated entity, can perfect the sale and the good will be directly sent from the warehouse to the end user, only after the payment is perfected. All the sale process and the integrated supply chain are managed by a website. Contact us for updates and latest project news.

HELICOPTER BUYERS SCOUTING : American-made helicopter 8 passenger seats for money transport, transport to platforms, borders patrol, law enforcement. Much lower costs than the average market costs. Buyers and distributors scouting.

PILLOW FOR BEDRIDDEN INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES : innovative start-up and patent made by specialists in physiotherapy, that have produced a new pillow for bedridden which solves or improves a lot of problems that worry the people forced to long hospital stays or bed rests due to serious diseases or clinical pathologies. Search for investors.

INVESTMENT IN ARTWORKS: artworks of primary importance and notoriety, direct contact with owners or owners’ direct agents. Procedures supervised by accredited experts with multi-year activities in the field and high standing. Utmost discretion and confidentiality.

REAL ESTATES FOR SALE : real estates for sale in Italy and in other countries, hotels of virtue in Milan, Rome, Venice, Florence and in primary European cities. Shopping centers, SNF (skilled nursing facilities) in Italy. Farms and vineyards of virtue for sale with or without annexed restaurant and accommodation in the territories of the Italian wine excellence.

Services news

FOREIGN DESK : active services in foreign desk and in the branches of IBS partners abroad.

TRADE AND EXPORT FINANCE : selection of commercial and financial partners, creation and management of export contracts, searching for and negotiation of banking tools for export and trade finance (documentary letter of credit LC, stand by letter of credit SBLC, bank guarantees, forfeiting, etc.), export credits management. Through our partners, we are able to establish relationships with the main financial centres of the world, such as London, New York, and Hong Kong, and with banks and institutional agencies for export support and development.

INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STRATEGIES : the aim of this project is the obtaining of a financing, within sustainable projects, credible business plans, presentable companies, due diligence, and experts in the financial field.

QUOTE COMPANIES ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE : consultation to quote a company on the Stock Exchange, quotation on the Stock Exchange and high finance for companies operating in the mining field and in biotechnologies and pharmaceutical sectors.

INNOVATIVE PLATFORM E-MAIL AND TEXT MARKETING : a platform to set or support marketing and communication business strategies through a highly technological and innovative system. Advertising campaign custom-made able to show you concretely the power of your system to increase sales, e-commerce, or advertise initiative and events both for mobile marketing and PC. An integrated system of customer journey, micro-contents distributed over time by text and email, solutions landing page and story telling. On the basis of the way of approach, the behavior of the potential consumer is measured and analyzed by the mobile analytic and customer forms. The interactions between users are analyzed, measured with a temporal view. Personalisation of contents for the future communications. The platform no longer provides a simply custom target but a predictive target. Tens of millions of contacts just in Italy and extended international presence. Promotions, lead, coupons, dynamic surveys, booking, deal, mflyer, donations and story telling. Tracking, lead scoring, predictive marketing.

GEOPOLITICS & INTELLIGENCE, RISK ASSESSMENT : geopolitics and intelligence, risk assessment, country profile, geopolitical risk analysis, observatory conflicts, actor profile, country security assessment, travel security plan.

ARTICLES INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS : different articles of geopolitical, socio- economic, technical subjects, concerning different regions and areas divided in continents.

SACE INSURANCE OF THE CREDIT : SACE and insurance of the credit, Country Risk Map, risk non-payment counterpart sovereign, banking, corporate, contractual violations, capital transfer and other risk linked to internationalisation, detailed for each foreign country, with insurance solutions of the credit and insurability conditions.

SEND US IN FAIR IN YOUR PLACE : IBS sends a consultant to the fair of interest between those planned in the different foreign countries, it collects a certificate and agreed number of commercial contracts and business cards, without the Italian company having to commit the valuable time of their collaborators. Centralizing the service, through a person who is present and has proxy for more than a company, you get savings in costs and time.

BUSINESS MATCHING : business matching, meetings B2B, commercial and entrepreneurial missions. Business meetings upon request according to the needs of the companies.

SERVICES FOR PATENTS AND START-UPS : services for owners of patents and start-ups through professionals with a high expertise in the management of inventions, patents, product industrialization, star-up development.

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES : investment opportunities for investors, also innovative start-ups and financial investments.

TRADES PLATFORM platform B2B, business to business Pandora Trades International.

THE MEANING OF SOME VOCABULARY IN THE TEXT “Business News IBS”:

- Business to Business B2B (Wikipedia)
- Geopolitics (Wikipedia)
- Business Intelligence (Wikipedia)
- Letter of credit (Wikipedia)
- Authorized economic operator AEO (Wikipedia)
- ECOWAS – CEDEAO (Wikipedia)
- Joint Venture JV (Wikipedia)
- Venture Capital (Wikipedia)
- Allergen (Wikipedia)
- Biotechnology (Wikipedia)
- EN 590 (Wikipedia)
- Diesel fuel (Wikipedia)
- Gasoline (Wikipedia)

CONTACT US FOR DETAIL INFORMATIONS IN RELATION TO THE NEWS

contact IBS by mail

SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS GRID PARITY

SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS GRID PARITY

WE ARE LOOKING FOR LAND PLOTS OF 10 HECTARES MINIMUM

TO BUILD GRID PARITY SYSTEMS, KEYS IN HAND

EN Grid parity Italy Home page

EN Grid Parity closest electrical substation connection

WE ARE LOOKING FOR LAND PLOTS

10 HECTARES MINIMUM, TO BUILD PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATIONS, GRID PARITY

Those who are interested, carefully read the following points and
Download the HANDBOOK and the following documents in the DOWNLOAD section

STRENGHTS :

SOLE SPOKESPERSON : IBS looks for the right areas where to place the installations and provides for all the bureaucratic procedures from the grant application from Enel / Terna to the grant issuance .

INVESTORS : the investors are already ready to buy the licenses / grants Grid Parity as soon as they will be issued .

GUIDELINES : it is important that the plots respect the following terms . For this reason, we recommend you to read them carefully . Thank you for your collaboration . We hope you will have a productive long-term collaboration with us .

THIS COMMUNICATIONS IS FOR :
- Landlords in Italy
- People in charge of plot announcements
- Rental agencies
- Technicians and operators in the renewable energy sector, especially in the PV sector
- Professional organizations : Agronomists, Surveyors, Engineers, Architects, Experts ( Land Surveyor, Engineer, etc)
Professional studies relevant to the sector

EN how to cooperate Grid Parity Italy

SIZE OF THE GRID PARITY INSTALLATIONS THAT WILL BE BUILT : from 5-10 MW to 40 MW-50 MW or more

HECTARES OF PLOTS NEEDED FOR 1 MW IN GRID PARITY : almost 2 Hectares every Megawatt depending on whether solar trackers are used or not . Plots have to be adjacent or at least 1 – 2 Km distant from each other, so that the connection in the substation can take place without any problems

LEASEHOLD ESTATE OR PURCHASE RIGHTS : it is possible that landowners sign a contract in which the investor pays a leasehold estate for 25 years + 3 years or + 5 years or the investor can buy the plot . Land plots fit the requirements all over Italy ( North Italy, Central Italy and South Italy )

REGIONS WHERE YOU CAN BUILD GRID PARITY INSTALLATIONS : Land plots are available in all ITALIAN regions .
Investors are interested in land plots all over Italy and its regions : it is important that lease charges or plot sales and soil radiation allow to obtain a return on investment consistent with the business model .
Some investors prefer the following regions : Abruzzo, Basilicata, Campania, Lazio, Molise, Puglia, Sardinia, Sicily, Umbria . Some investors consider the region Calabria .
IT IS IMPORTANT TO VERIFY that there are no urban restrictions and limitations on building GRID PARITY PV systems on plots in each region in Italy .
REGARDING SARDINIA : it is important that plots are industrial and not agricultural .

SUMS PAID TO LANDOWNERS FOR THE LEASEHOLD ESTATE : the sum paid to landowners in Euro per Hectare per Year for the leasehold estate will be decided with the investor and the owners, depending on the Region where the plots are and on the investor type . The investor can also pay the plots ’ leasehold estate in a single discount rate solution .

SUMS PAID TO PLOT OWNERS IN CASE OF SALES : the sums paid per Hectare in South, Central and North Italy will be discussed individually and negotiated with the investors and the owners . The investor knows the variable costs per hectare depending on his own financial model .

LICENSES PURCHASE

GRID PARITY “ READY TO BUILD ”

Ous investors also consider purchasing ready to use licenses where the installation can be built immediately .

EN steps to point out land plot grid parity

EFFECTIVENESS

THESE ARE THE STEPS TO POINT OUT THE LAND PLOT FOR THE GRID PARITY INSTALLATIONS :

SCREENING : landowners or people in charge of plot announcements who are in touch with the owners will be asked to send :

- PLOT TYPE : flat, sloping, soil pitch
- GOOGLE EARTH and IMAGES with the accurate coordinates and the highlighted plots perimeter.

This will allow us to : verify the plots, conduct simulations, determine the radiation in that area, verify if the plots are adjacent or if the distances between them are consistent with the requirements needed for the construction of GRID PARITY installations .

After a first and quick check is made in order to give the green light to the construction, we will need to sign the prior agreements of the following documents :

- BUILDING PERMIT
- CADASTRAL CERTIFICATES
- LOTS

INFORMATION ON THE CLOSEST ELECTRICAL SUBSTATION OR ELECTRICAL ROOM AND RELATED CONNECTION : it is just as important to know the plots distance from the closest Enel / Terna electrical substation, if there is average or high voltage ; to know the electric line capacity, the possibility to connect in substation and the costs of a connection in the electrical plant of an already existing substation . The creation of a new substation can be done for GRID PARITY PV installations starting from 30 MW – 40 MW . At the same time, the adjacent active high voltage line will be directly intercepted . In case of any doubts, you can send pictures of the aerial electric line both average and high voltage or pictures of the electrical substation or room, asking for advice .

PRIOR AGRREMENT THAT LANDOWNERS WILL HAVE TO SIGN : if the results on the tests made on plots and on the possibility of connection in the substation are positive, we will sign a prior agreement and start the working phases and bureaucratic procedures . IBS will provide the Autorizzazione Unica ( an Authorization which constitutes the necessary and obligatory title for the construction and commissioning of PVs ) with the help of experts :
- Autorizzazione Unica ( AU ) including, geological prospecting and exams and range reconnaissance
- Design and presentation of TICA ( Testo integrato delle connessioni attive, is document that states technical – economic terms and conditions for the connection to the grid of electric power production plants and it refers to a connection request made starting from January 1st 2009 ) and different proceedings, participation to any kind of meeting with the Authorities in charge until the AU is obtained and PV installations can be built .

TIMINGS : even if each region has its different timings and procedures, completing the whole bureaucratic procedure to receive the Autorizzazione Unica usually takes about 6-10 months . Timings start after the positive result of :
- the preliminary analysis of the plot documents and after having signed the preliminary contracts with the owners
- the analysis of the documents that will be sent to the conferenza dei Servizi present in the Region ( an institution of the Italian legislation that simplifies the activity of the Italian public administration ) which collaborates with our architects .

AGREEMENTS : with the people in charge of plot announcements or partners that will facilitate plot announcements or landowners ’ announcements, we will sign the agreements that protect them for the recognition fees . We will also sign a NDA ( Non – Disclosure Agreement ) on the exchange of confidential information both with the person in charge of plot announcements and with the landowners . IBS wants to have a productive long-term synergy with those who will want to cooperate .

EN work with us grid parity

JOIN US

COOPERATE WITH US

We are looking both for people directly in charge of plot announcements, different types of operators who are in touch with landowners and also people who aim to become our Area Managers . The Area managers’ job will be that of coordinating the people in charge of plot announcements, collect proceedings and being responsible for the information . They are also a reference point between landowners or plot announcers and IBS in case of any problems .

CONTACT US

APPLY FOR THE POSITION BY SENDING US YOUR PERSONAL DETAILS AND CV

EN stakeholders

PROJECT AND INFORMATION STAKEHOLDERS

EN Grid Parity Stakeholders

EN test and documents download grid parity

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN COOPERATING WITH US

WE SUGGEST THE FOLLOWING TESTS AND DOCUMENT DOWNLOADS TO OUR ANNOUNCERS / AREA MANAGERS :

GUIDELINES : it is an Information Handbook in PDF which aims is to research the right areas and to operate independently making the information exchange more efficient .

INFORMATION VIDEO : the video ’ s aim is to facilitate the process and to reveal in advance the information that will be needed in the different phases. In this way, it gives an immediate overview .

GREENFIELD PRELIMINARY FORM OF THE AREA : this initial document has to be downloaded in order to send the first information by plot owners or announcers with the google earth picture of the plot and its coordinates and perimeter attached .

SIMULATOR OF THE COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN THE ELECTRICAL LINE COSTS AND THE BUDGET : it is an excel file that simulates the low and average voltage connection costs . We suggest you to write the required values into the yellow cells ( where some values are written as an example ) and a calculation and first estimate will be made automatically . Regarding high voltage, CONTACT US .

PROGRESS REPORT OF THE AUTORIZZAZIONE UNICA : in this section our co – workers, partners, investors and announcers are able to monitor the progress report of the Autorizzazione Unica regarding the plots, where the procedure to obtain this authorization in Grid Parity together with the plots data is taking place

EN download guidelines grid parity

EN Download information video grid parity

EN download greenfield form green parity

EN download electrical line costs grid parity

EN progress report of the AU grid parity

CONTACT US

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION OR CLARIFICATIONS

Contact us via E-mail with your personal information in order to reach us or to begin working with us . One of our managers will contact you within 24 hours and will give you the necessary information :

Mail : ibs(a)doingbusinessibs.it
Skype : doingbusinessibs ( location Roma )

Notes : In the E-mail given to contact us the at sign is written with this symbol (a), instead of this one @ in order to respect our company policy regarding cybersecurity On the Internet there are some browsers and automatic programs that could use the active email in the websites and create harmful SPAM communications . However, by replacing the symbol @ with (a) this problem is avoided . Thus, for everyone’s safety, we ask you to take note of the email and to write us from your email account or server . Or, you could click on the following image . This will direct you to the page where you can CONTACT US through the website special area . Thank you for your cooperation .

contact IBS by mail

DISPENSATION AND MATERIALS

ON SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC

Fotovoltaico Tecnologia e dispense

THE SOLAR RADIATION

The solar radiation is the electromagnetic energy that is emitted by the process of the fusion of hydrogen in the sun and it turns into helium atoms ( He ) .
Solar energy, that in a solar year crosses the atmosphere and arrives on earth, it is only 1/3 of the total energy that is intercepted by planet earth out of the atmosphere and the 70% of the energy ends in the sees .
The remaining energy ( 1,5 x 1017 kWh ) , that in one year intercepts dry land, is the same as thousand times of the present total world energy consumption .
Irradiation intended as solar irradiance or as power density of solar irradiation, is intercepted out of the atmosphere thanks to a surface that is perpendicular to sunlight ( it is also known as solar constant ). Irradiation is equivalent to 1353 W / m2, and during the year it is variable to ± 3 % due the elliptical earth orbit .
The following figure illustrates the irradiation development , through readings out of the atmosphere in a year :

Fotovoltaico densità di potenza radiazione solare PV

The peak value that is detected on the earth’s surface is about 1000 W / m2 , at noon, on a summer day, clear sky, optimal sun condition.
The solar radiation that comes to the earth’s surface, a distinction can be made between direct radiation and spread radiation . Direct radiation affects the surface through a very specific and unique angle of incidence, while spread radiation affects the surface with various angles.

When the direct radiation can’t affect a surface because there is an obstacle in the middle, thanks to the spread radiation the shaded area won’t be completely obscured.
This aspect has got technical density, especially for photovoltaic installations that can also operate only through the spread radiation.

fotovoltaico principi fisici solare PV

Furthermore, inclined surface can receive reflected solar radiation ( reflection ) from the land or from overwater in its front or horizontal surfaces ; such phenomenon is defined as “ albedo “ and it contributes to increase the process.

Direct radiation, spread radiation and albedo are received by a surface and the related proportion depend on certain elements :

- First of all on the weather conditions: in a cloudy day spread radiation prevails ; in a clear day , especially with dry weather , direct radiation prevails , and it can reach 90 % of the total irradiation ;
- The slope in relation to the horizontal plane of the surface : any horizontal surface will receive the higher spread radiation and the minimum reflected radiation, if there are no objects around in an upper altitude in relation to the surface’s one ;
- Presence of reflective surface : particularly the higher contributes is due to the reflection that is gave by clear surfaces . Moreover reflected radiation is higher in winter because of the reflective effect of snow and it decreases in summer months due to the effect related to the absorption by land and grass .

fotovoltaico BIPV PV

The slope or grade that will allow to make the stored energy utmost, could vary from location to another : changing location, the relationship between spread radiation and total radiation will vary, because increasing the grade of the surface that picks up, the component of spread radiation will be reduced and reflected component will be increased.

Practically, the optimal situation is recorded when the surface has southern exposure , and there is a rake angle that is equivalent to the site’s latitude : directing to south there will be a maximization of the filtered solar radiation that is received throughout the day and the slope is equal to the latitude that during the months of the year minimises the variation of solar energy that is filtered as a consequence of the sunlight oscillation of ± 23.5 °, compared to the perpendicular one of the harvest surface. If we name with ID the direct radiation, and with IS the spread radiation and with R albedo , then we can determine the total solar radiation that will affect on a surface :
IT = ID + IS + R

PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT AND THE CONVERSION OF SOLAR ENERGY INTO ELECTRICITY

Photovoltaic effect turns the direct photovoltaic conversion of solar energy into electricity through physical phenomenon in which light radiation interacts with electron of semiconductor materials.
The solar cell represents the physical object by which such phenomenon manifests itself and it is in substance a diode, that is characterized by a vast surface of several dozen cm2 .
To understand the photovoltaic effect is relevant to describe conceptually how a diode works ( p-n junction ) , and since today the crystalline silicon ( Si ) is the more used material for the creation of solar cells, silicon diode will be analysed .

fotovoltaico materiali semiconduttori PV

The silicon atom has got 14 electron, 4 of these are valence electron, therefore they can chemically bond in pairs with other valence electron of different atoms . In a chemically pure silicon crystal, every single atom is bonded through covalent bond with other 4 silicon atoms, so ,because of chemical bonds, in the crystal there aren’t electron which are free .

In the event that several silicon atoms in the crystal would be replaced by other phosphorus atoms ( P ) that is characterized by 5 valence electron, 4 of these will be used in chemical bond with adjacent silicon atoms, while the fifth electron could be separated from the phosphorus atom through thermal energy and it will be free to move in the crystal lattice .

Similarly, silicon atoms can be replaced by boron atoms ( B ) that has got only 3 valence electron and , in this case there will be a missing electron to saturate chemical bond with adjacent silicon atoms . This missing electron will be a positive electron and it will be called “ electron hole “ .

The following picture illustrates with a graphic what has been described : in the first the structure of the crystal lattice of silicon ( Si ) is shown, in the second there is how the structure of the crystal lattice varies when is carried out a doping through phosphorus atoms ( P ) and in the last case, modification of the crystal lattice are shown after the doping with boron atoms .

fotovoltaico tipo p tipo n potenziale elettrico PV

In the doping through phosphorus ( P ), atoms carry free negative electric charge and material is called “ n “ type, while in the doping and therefore in the replacing of silicon atoms by boron atoms ( B ) they carry positive electric charge and material is called “ p “ type . The p-n junction ( diode ) is determined by aggregating a “ n “ type bar with a “ p “ type bar .
Material “ n “ free electron will have in their left a region in which there aren’t free electron and this will lead to a flux of such carriers to the left in order to re-stablish balance between positive and negative electric charge . Similarly, the electron hole will find in their left a region in which there aren’t electron hole and so there will be a flux of positive electric charge to the right . As a result of the activation of such spread process , on the left side there will be an excess of negative electric charge, while on the right side there will be an excess of positive electric charge .

It follows that, in the region of interface between the two materials an electric field will be determined and it will tend to increase ever more, proportionally to the fact that the electric hole and electron keep spread to the opposite sides . This process keeps going until the creating electric potential will assume a size that will stop a further spread of electron and electron hole .
When such balance will be reached, a permanent electric field in a material will be created without using external electric fields . Through these concepts, it is easier to explain the photovoltaic effect . Assume that a particle that is a sunlight ( photon ) come in the “ p “ type region of the material . If the photon have at his disposal an higher energy of the gap band , in other words the minimum energy that is needed to determine the bond cleavage in the silicon lattice, it will be absorbed and will lead to the manifestation of a pair of electron – electron hole . The released electron during this phenomenon can move to the right because of the electric potential .

Contrary, if the photon came in the “ n “ zone , the creating electron hole will move to the left .
The flux that will be activate, will lead to an accumulation of positive electric charge to the left and negative electric charge to the right . This will create an electric field that is opposite of the one that is bonded to the spread mechanism . The more will be the number of photon that will reach the junction, the more fields will tend to erase each other , until there won’t be an internal field that separate every further pair of electron – electron hole .

This is the requirement that determines the open circuit voltage of a photovoltaic cell ( see open circuit voltage of a photovoltaic modules ) . Putting electrode ( metal contacts ) on the surface of a photovoltaic cell, it is possible to use the created potential. Such flux will create an accumulation of positive electric charge + to the left and negative electric charge – to the right , creating an opposite electric field as a sign of what it is created through the spread mechanism .

PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY

SOLAR CELL

In the solar cell solar radiation turns into electricity .

The solar cell is a device that is composed by a subtle slice of semiconductor material, that is often silicon ; it has a thickness that could vary from 0,25 mm to 0,35 mm, often in a square shape or with a surface of 100 cm 2 . For the production of cells , silicon is a most frequently used material and it is used in the electronic industry, where the process cycle leads to very high costs, costs that couldn’t be justified if we consider that the required degree of purity in the photovoltaic field is lower than the one which is essential for electronic .

There are also other materials that can be used to create solar cells :

- Monocrystalline silicon: energy performance 15 – 17 %
- Polycrystalline silicon : energy performance 12 – 14%
- Amorphous silicon : energy performance lower than 10 %
- Other materials : cadmium telluride, gallium arsenide, gallium and indium thallium arsenic and copper .
However, now the most used material is monocrystalline silicon, which makes record higher performance and greater prolonged duration compared to other materials that are usable for the same purpose .

fotovoltaico sezione di una cella fotovoltaica PV

PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES

The solar cell is an intermediate product in the photovoltaic industry field : it provides limited current and voltage values, if they are compared to those that are usually required in users devices, moreover cells are extremely fragile, not electrically isolated, and they haven’t a mechanical support .

Cells are therefore aggregated and assembled with the aim of building a unique structure that is called photovoltaic modules ( see also Solar Panel ).
Photovoltaic modules have a more robust structure and it is easier to handle and on them solar cells are properly placed ( see hybrid solar cell ) .
Photovoltaic modules ’ size can vary, but those that are more common have surfaces which can vary from 0,5 m2 to 1,3 m2 , usually with 36 cells that are electrically linked in series .

fotovoltaico tipi di celle FV moduli fotovoltaici PV

Photovoltaic modules have a power that can vary from 50 Wp to 150 Wp related to the type and the efficiency that characterizes the solar cells which make up modules .

The most important electric features of photovoltaic modules are :

- Peak power ( Wp) : it is the power that comes from photovoltaic modules in standard conditions of utilisation STC : Irradiation = 1000 W / m2: Temperature = 25°C ; A.M. = 1,5
- Rated current ( A ): it is the current that comes from photovoltaic modules in the work-point
- Rated voltage ( V ): it is the work-voltage of photovoltaic modules

fotovoltaico curva I-V caratteristica PV

Wp ( Watt peak ) is the size that is taken as reference of photovoltaic modules and it has the aim of expressing the electric power that comes from photovoltaic modules in standard conditions of reference ( considering standard conditions with Irradiation = 1000 W / m2 ).

WHAT IS THE PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM

The photovoltaic system ( if you want see current source ) is composed by photovoltaic modules that are aggregated and linked in series and in parallel ( series and parallel circuits ) in order to reach optimal and desired operating conditions .

The base elements of the photovoltaic field are photovoltaic modules . More photovoltaic modules are mechanically assembled to each other determine the “ photovoltaic panel “ , while photovoltaic modules or panels are electrically linked in series and they allow to obtain the rated voltage of distribution, and they form the “ string “. Finally, more strings must be linked in parallel and this determinates the “ field”. United photovoltaic modules constitute the generator and they are built on a mechanical structure that is able to support the modules and it is oriented in order to maximise the solar irradiation .

generatore fotovoltaico PV

The quantity of electric power that is produced by a photovoltaic system can vary in a year, in proportion to sunshine in location where the system is built and depends on latitude .
Depending on the application for which the system was designed, it must be sized observing the following criteria :

- electric load
- peak power
- possibility to connect to the power grid or not
- latitude of the site and annual average irradiation of the site where there is the photovoltaic system.
- specification of the building’s architectural type
- specification of users load’s electric type

For example it is assumed that to the latitudes of central Italy, 1 m2 of photovoltaic modules of good manufacturing on average could produce :

0,35 kWh per day during the winter period
0,65 kWh per day during the summer period
>> 180 kWh per year

PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT

A photovoltaic plant or a photovoltaic system is an aggregate of mechanic, electric and electronic components which detect / intercept and subsequently transform the available solar radiation energy, making possible to use solar energy in the form of electric energy .

Systems in this typology can be divided in two categories, regardless of the usage and size of power of themselves :

- those isolated , “ stand alone “ as well or
- those connected to the electric grid or grid connected

Isolated “ stand alone “ systems, by virtue of the fact that they are not connected to the electric grid, must generally and necessarily have a storage system or storage of the energy that is produced . The energy storage is needed because the photovoltaic field is in position to supply electric energy only during the day, while often the higher request of users focuses on the afternoon or in the night . During the insolation is therefore necessary to have a produced energy storage and not to use it immediately, energy that is provided to the load when there is a reduction or absence of the available one.

sistemi grid connected PV

Configuring the plant through this method , means that the photovoltaic field is sized in order to allow the supply of the load and the charging of storage batteries ( rechargeable battery ) in the insolation hours .
In the systems connected to the grid, usually there are not storage systems because energy that is produced during the insolation hours is immediately placed in the electric grid ; on the contrary, during hours of lower insolation or without insolation, the load is powered by the grid .
If the continuity of service is considered, a system of this typology will be more reliable compared to a stand alone photovoltaic system, that after a failure, it can’t have the possibility to be powered in an alternative way . “ High reliability “ systems can be designed though an isolated system ( stand alone ) with diesel ( for example hybrid diesel – electric ) .

impieghi stand alone PV

The aim of a grid connected system is therefore to allow the feed-in in the highest quantity of energy .
In the physic point of view the structure of a photovoltaic system, either isolated or connected to the grid, can be different ; usually 3 important blocks can be highlighted :
- photovoltaic power station
- power conditioning system
- system for data acquisition
Attention is being paid to the fact that connected to the grid systems without storage, in these cases the grid serves as power reservoir with unlimited capacity . The load is represented by connected to the grid user instead, like for a grid connected system .

WHAT ARE GRID CONNECTED PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT

The main components of a grid connected photovoltaic plant are :

- Inverter for connecting to net
- Device for interfacing with electric grid
- Bi – directional meter for energy

The inverter is a fundamental component in the grid connected photovoltaic systems because it is able to maximise the production of electric current of the photovoltaic device, by optimising the transfer of electric energy between photovoltaic modules and load .

Inverter as a device can turn direct current which is produced by modules 12 V, 24 V, 48 V, and so on ) into alternating current ( usually 220 V ) in order to supply the load – user and / or feed the energy in the grid, with which it can work with an interchange system .

Grid connected inverters have usually got an electric type device which allow to extract full power from the photovoltaic system in every moment . The device tries to reach the maximum power point tracker ( MPPT ) and it adapts features about the production of the photovoltaic power station to the need of the load .

sistemi grid connected schema PV

The inverter is also important because usually a photovoltaic system is able to give current and voltage values which vary on the basis of irradiation + temperature variables, on the contrary of the load, that usually needs constant values of voltage of supply .

Indeed, electric grid interface devices have the aim of ensuring that the form of the electric energy wave , which is fed into the grid, have got all the features that the local supplier of energy requires .

Finally, the energy meter will measure the energy that the photovoltaic system can produce during its operating period .

“ STAND ALONE “ PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT

The main components of a stand alone or isolated photovoltaic plant are :

- photovoltaic modules
- load regulator
- inverters
- storage system or storage batteries

In this photovoltaic plant’s typology, electric energy that is produced by photovoltaic modules , is also stored in storage batteries . Through a load regulator, load is supplied by the stored energy in the batteries .

impianti fotovoltaici stand alone PV

The load regulator must preserve accumulators from the load in excess due to the photovoltaic system and it must protect accumulators from an excess of load due to the use . Both situations have harmful consequences for the correct functioning and for the durability of accumulators . Since usually the power that is required by the user, it is not always equal to the intensity of solar radiation ( and consequently this affects photovoltaic plant ’s electricity production ), a portion of electric energy that is produced by the photovoltaic field must be stored in order to be used when the user will need it . This is the aim of the storage system in these plants .

Therefore, a storage system is composed by a set of rechargeable accumulators, and it is sized so as to ensure a relevant autonomy of the electric load supply . Batteries with this aim are practically accumulators of stationary typology and only in particular cases using batteries as motor fuel is permitted . It is important that batteries for photovoltaic use must have the following features :

- Self discharge low value
- Long estimated duration
- that do not require maintenance
- that can work with a high number of charging and discharging cycle

In the case of stand alone or isolated system, the aim of the inverter is to transform direct current into alternating current . The direct current is produced by the photovoltaic field and alternating current is essential for the direct supply of users .
In this case, inverters must be sized in order to supply directly the load which will be connected to it .
Obviously, the inverter with this type of plant building ( i.e. isolated or stand alone plants ) doesn’t represent a component with a compulsory presence ; it is possible to supply directly the load in direct current and with low voltage .

efficienza e costo generazioni FV PV

WHICH ARE THE CRITERIA FOR SIZING A PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT

There are description of the phases for sizing a photovoltaic plant and indication for designing a complete plant .

VERIFY THE SITE ’S COMPETENCE

- Quantify presence of shadows ( vegetation, heights , buildings )
- Morning mists
- Fog
- Wind
- Snow

This information allow to determine the photovoltaic system ’s placement, optimising their exposure to the South, higher inclination on the horizontal plane, support structures and their features .

HOW TO QUANTIFY THE DAILY NEED OF ENERGY

Energy = Power for the time of use

Isolated or grid connected utilisation consumption will be supplied through the photovoltaic plant and will be catalogued in terms of daily required energy .

Example :

- 2 15 W lamps must be supplied 5 hours per day
- 1 60 W CRT must be supplied 3 hours per day
Total energy that is daily needed = 2 x 15 W x 5 hours per day + 1 x 60 W x 3 hours per day = 330 Wh per day

SELECTION OF THE BEST MODULES’ INCLINATION

To choose correctly the modules’ inclination, usually it must be equal to the latitude where modules are located, except for architectural needs .

HOW TO CALCULATE A PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM’S POWER PEAK

Electric energy that is produced by photovoltaic modules is linearly proportional to the solar radiation which affects on the solar modules ’ surface ; the calculation can be made referring to the information about the site ’s solar irradiation .

A calculation method that is frequently used , is to detect EQUIVALENT HOURS of the site through appropriate tables and the hours are considered with the optimal photovoltaic modules’ inclination . “ EQUIVALENT HOUR “ is the period of time in which solar irradiation reaches an equivalent value of 1000 W / m2 . In a location of centre Italy, the average value related to 12 months of such indicator, the value can be 3, assuming a modules’ inclination of 45° .

For the calculation of the dimensioning of a photovoltaic plant, this method is used to identify the quantity of daily energy that is produced by photovoltaic modules . According to this method and knowing the “ monthly equivalent hour of the site “, it is possible to determine the peak power of our photovoltaic system with the following method :

Photovoltaic system’s peak power Kwp = daily need of Equivalent Hours energy

IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENTS OF PLANT’S LOSSES

It is important to consider losses or voltage drops which are introduced by components that constitute the photovoltaic plant ( inverter, voltage regulator , batteries , cable connections and so on ).
Knowing that total losses of the photovoltaic plant are 30 %, it will be necessary to increase the Kwp ( peak power ) of the same percentage in the photovoltaic system .

CALCULATION OF AN INVERTER POWER

The power of an inverter is calculated in a different way according to grid connected or isolated ( stand alone ) plants . In the case of a grid connected plant , the choice of inverter is based on the feature of the photovoltaic field : when the power of the photovoltaic system is fixed and therefore the number of photovoltaic modules as well, the typology of usable inverter is identifiable .
For an isolated plant, the maximum total power connected to the inverter will be calculated . For example , the case that was used before to calculate daily energy need :

Total power = 2 x 15 W + 1 x 60 W = 90 W

Substantially, an inverter of rated power higher than 90 W must be used .

Depending on the waveform that is produced, to choose the inverter for the isolated stand alone plants , different types of inverters can be used :

- pure sine wave inverters : they can reproduce a waveform that is practically the same as the grid one and they allow to supply any load typology

- trapezoidal wave and square wave inverters : they could not supply correctly, for example electronic type loads .

SIZE STORAGE SYSTEM FOR STAND ALONE ISOLATED PLANTS

If low levels of sun occur, photovoltaic plant would have lower productions than those that are achievable in optimal days of sun, therefore when this occurs the storage can be sized in order to ensure a certain load supply, for a certain period of time ( maximum number of consecutive days), in which there is absence of sun .

COST OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT

The investment in photovoltaic plants implies a significant use of capital in the first phase and low expenses for parks maintenance .
Analysing all the economical and financial aspects related to a photovoltaic plant is quite complex, however there are some elements which must be considered :

- Every photovoltaic plant and installation needs to be analysed in its reference framework ( legislation, local condition . Solar irradiation level, available areas and so on ).
- It is fundamental to refer to the energy value that is produced and not to focus on the energy cost in order to operate correctly ; this because from a qualitative point of view, the energy that is produced through photovoltaic solar source is not the same compared to energy traditional sources, both for environmental impact and intermittent of produced energy and so on .
- Photovoltaic system’s life time is about 25 years now, even though some manufacturers give assurance for longer periods .
- Difficult links to the grid, for situation like mountain hut or isolated houses in low urbanized areas and so on .

There are cases where the initial investment is amortised ( see amortisation ) for the cost of user electrification that is higher than the cost for the installation the photovoltaic solar plant .
Usually for a photovoltaic plant there is a cost per kWh that is a higher product than the cost per kWh if is bought from the network ; as a result it is better to install a photovoltaic plant in line with present incentive forms ( Feed-in tariff ). A cost per kWh that is produced by a photovoltaic plant it can be compared to the kWh that is bought in network, if through financial types of contribution in high percentage .

fotovoltaico vari strati cella fotovoltaica PV

HISTORICAL EXAMPLE TO UNDERSTAND THE APPROACH BETWEEN ITALY AND FOREIGN COUNTRY :

In 2001 it was created a national project called “ Tetti Fotovoltaici “ in Italy; it was characterized by various critical points that are inherent in the photovoltaic solar field development and they are :

- Advertising campaigns and information were not clear and sometimes they were wrong by responsible bodies
- Number of limited funding ( about 30 / 40 fundable projects ) if they are compared to the total demand that were received in each region
- Need to advance money by customers to buy the photovoltaic plant
- Presence of a maximum limit for the cost for the plant ; this has favoured the spread of low quality plants
- Absence of indications for the quality of modules that are used in terms of performance, efficiency and so on
- Absence of refunds of kWh that were produced by photovoltaic plant, only an adjustment between electric energy production and consumption
- Uncertainty for the effective final typal approval of photovoltaic plant .

On the contrary an elementary but effective project for the promotion of the photovoltaic solar field in Germany is given, and it was created in 2000 in which :

- there were not non – refundable contribution
- there were subsidised rate funding lasting 10 years
- there were facilities connected with the electric energy that was produced by the photovoltaic plant .
Such programme allowed to create photovoltaic plants as investment, to realise high efficiency and quality plants, to obtain the highest production possible and users were stimulated to do effective maintenance actions on time .

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

Environmental impact in the solar renewable is low or it doesn’t exist, because of the absence of the release of polluting substances in the environment ( air, water, see pollution ). There is a reduction in gas that are responsible of the feared greenhouse and of the phenomenon of acid rain .
The photovoltaic conversion from solar energy into electric energy represents the renewable type source which is more environmentally friendly .

Photovoltaic solar plants don’t emit polluting materials, vibration and since they are modular, they go along with the site’s geomorphology where they are installed ; finally they can produce energy near electric loads, so succeeding to prevent transmission losses .
By the way, the environmental impact is not zero : some problems remain and there are limited typology of environmental impact that affect the approval or acceptance of plants and they are the following :

- productive process of components and the pollution that comes from it
- usage and saturation of areas in territories which don’t allow other uses
- sometimes a significant visual impact ( visual pollution )
- impact on fauna and flora, i.e. on the local climate .

As regard to the pollution in the components production phase . The choice of raw materials can reduce the phenomenon, for the rest emission that come from productive process are the function of more or less advanced technology that is used during the production phase . The most used photovoltaic plants and photovoltaic systems are based on silicon ( a chemical element that is widespread on the earth’s crust ) both in the crystal form, poly – crystal and amorphous form .
The production process doesn’t provoke an excessive use of harmful or polluting substances and in is important to say that in the photovoltaic market, a part of the silicon comes from the reuse of waste in the electronic industry .

fotovoltaico solare PV

It must be highlighted that some typology of solar cell may involve potential risks in case of fire, because toxic gasses can form after a combustion ; obviously when photovoltaic panels can be no more used , they are properly disposed ( photovoltaic waste ) through adequate system of photovoltaic panels recycling . Photovoltaic parks installation and therefore the need of space and territory depends on how the photovoltaic is used : decentralised or centralised mode in big plants .

In the first case and in the decentralised mode, the used part of territory is reduced because the photovoltaic plant is installed in surfaces that were already removed from the natural environment, for example roofs, building ’s facades or balconies of existing buildings, car parks and their structure, service areas near cliffs, dangerous places and sides of the road etc. The expansion potential for the decentralised photovoltaic and photovoltaic systems is large, and the degree of penetration and development is connected with a substantial costs reduction .

Analysing the second case, i.e. centralised photovoltaic production plants ( mega watt ) , where the energy need is, the efficiency of modules conversion and site’s insolation are optimised and they need significant territory extensions in order to provide overall an appreciable contribute .
Reasons of aesthetic type led to a failure of some projects and photovoltaic systems, where a strong visual impact depends on the size of the park that affected heavily the territory ; this impact is very reduced in the decentralised use, for example roofs and facades .

Big or medium sized photovoltaic plants will have a larger visual impact that amplifies in the case of beautiful countryside .
Another problem that is possible to find concerns the reflecting surfaces and the disturbance that is connected with enormous surfaces near residential areas, roads etc., and with the actions that are necessary in order to mitigate the effects modifying the slope or building appropriate protective shields through arboreal elements or shrubs, without incurring to create shadow zones in the photovoltaic field ( see ENEA research ) .

FV a concentrazione 1500 X PV

In the decentralised use of photovoltaic solar systems the impact on flora and fauna related to the limited subtracted ground is negligible since the absence of noise and vibration .
When photovoltaic panels subtract solar radiation to the environment, aspect that could involve light modification on the local microclimate, is appropriate to bear in mind that only about 10 % of energy of the sun that affects for time unit on the surfaces of the photovoltaic field, will be converted and transported to another place as electric energy while the remaining part will be reflected or will go through modules .

In the multitude of territorial institutional and social contexts, and in the past experiences turns out that a soft technology for the environment to, as well as solar photovoltaic energy, is not exempt from environmental impact that can create difficulties in the population’s acceptance of green projects and they are useful from the energetic point of view .

The size of a solar plant and the impact that is determined in the solar photovoltaic are infinitely lower than the older energy technologies ( energy from coal, nuclear energy etc. ), however they are enough to create position and opposition that are difficult to pass, therefore, the identification of the right site, the design of the plant and the realisation of the authorisation procedure will give better results if appropriate evaluation and consideration on the environmental impact will be made, in advance with accuracy and involving social parts .

WORKSHOP :

PROJECT AND SIZING OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT

PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS : it is based on some elements such as economic benefit, possible urban restrictions, presence or absence of incentives, costs for the request for a point of connection to the institution which deals with the grid .

FINAL PLANNING : it includes authorisation, final planning as built, technical documentation must be finished and sent for the request to put the photovoltaic plant in the grid .

REQUESTED DATA FOR THE PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS

A correct data collection is needed in order to start a feasibility study : there must be drawings and photos in which there is the orientation of the site where the park will be built, data related to electric energy consumption and supply ( if there it is ), information about the structure where the photovoltaic plant will be installed ( permissible load for the coverage ).

HOW TO DO THE CALCULATION OF THE PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT’S SIZE IN A PRELIMINARY PHASE

The space necessary for realise a photovoltaic plant depend on the site where the photovoltaic must be installed, on the technology and therefore the efficiency of the chosen photovoltaic modules .
Sometime high efficiency and value photovoltaic modules must be used because of the high consumption and the small available space ( see CIGS modules )

PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANT

GRID PARITY

Speaking of energy, the grid parity represents the point when the electric energy that is produced through the plant ( that are supplied by renewable energy sources ), is characterized by having the same price as the energy that is produced through other sources of traditional or conventional energy, such as methods that use fossil sources or different sources, for example the nuclear energy .

In the Italian energy market, especially in the last years and in the photovoltaic area, it was recorded a phenomenon of the spread of investment in this area thanks to these incentives . When the incentive system through energy accounts ( on the base of the incentives for the electric production through the solar source in July 2013 ), the Grid Parity has became more popular, in terms of “ parity “ between cost of electric energy that is produced by a photovoltaic plant and cost for buying the energy from the grid .
Following the enactment of the Strategia Energetica Nazionale SEN 2017 by MISE ( Ministry of Economic Development in Italy ), there are important aims as regards to the photovoltaic production in the area of electric energy production mix : 72 Twh until 2030, compared to 24,8 Twh that were produced in 2017 . The concept of market parity as grid parity’s evolution is taking off .

GRID PARITY AND MARKET PARITY

A study made by Department of electrical engineering in the University of Padova, highlights how in Italy the grid parity was achieved in 2013 : therefore the price per kilowatt – hour for cars ( the consumption obtained by photovoltaic panels is the same as the price of the energy that is possible to buy from the electric grid ).
According to an other study made by a Spin off in the University of Roma Tor Vergata, some definition related to the photovoltaic grid parity have increase and this concept is developing :
- Observability : intended as competitiveness as cost of generation of renewable Kwh
- Reachability : intended as competitiveness related to the profitability of the investment .

schema elettrico impianto fotovoltaico connesso in rete PV

According to the terminology in use, a photovoltaic plant in the grid parity means production of electric energy through solar sources and such production is obtained without incentives, i.e. through an economic return that is equivalent to the sum of :

- a proportion of the electric energy that is switched with the grid and whose has got an economic value of Dedicated Withdrawal or Net metering
- no cost of acquisition for the electric energy as regard to the self – consumed quota ( statistical ratio Solar Photovoltaic GSE )

Trade arrangements managed by GSE, can include a modes of operation of the total or partial self-consumption plant, on the basis of the plant’s power class in Kwp and of the producer costumer ’s energy -intensive profile ( new definition of energy – intensive companies of Anima ) that has got responsibility for the photovoltaic plant .
A cost of generation of photovoltaic kWh ( Levelised Energy Cost ) is mapped to the photovoltaic plant in the grid parity, as well as a IRR ( Internal Rate of Return ) of the investment that is involved in the plant’s installation ; It must be compared to the benchmark values of IRR, with the aim to understand if it is appropriate the investment ’s risk and the obtaining of the accessibility condition and therefore the obtaining of the Grid Parity .

Producing electric energy through solar photovoltaic sources without incentives and without self-consumption leads to the concept of market parity or parity generation . Chile is an example, but there are other examples in the world where the photovoltaic wins without incentives on the conventional plants of coal energy or energy from other sources according to the data related to the electric market . The discriminatory is the high cost of electric energy together with the strong solar irradiation . The market parity is made when electric energy is produced through solar photovoltaic sources but without any incentive .

The market parity is obtained thanks to multi megawatt photovoltaic plants that are connected to the distribution grid in medium – voltage, or utility scale photovoltaic plants that are connected to the transmission grid in high – voltage .

To obtain the economic value in the market parity, the value of the official electric energy must be sought in the power exchange GME . Market parity represents the Trade Off between :
- generation cost per photovoltaic kWh LCOE and
- price in the electric market of electric energy

processo fabbricazione impianti FV in poli Si PV

The electric energy is produced and then is fed into the grid and is commercially levied through the “ indirect withdrawal “ from the GSE, and it has got a value for the zonal time price .
In an alternative way, this electric energy can be sold directly in the market of electric energy of the power exchange GME or it can be bought through a trader through two – year contracts for a fixed price ( 48 € / Mwh in 2017 ).
A group of researchers in the Polytechnic of Milan, thanks to a study about this concept, they highlight how the expression grid parity is usually intended as parity between electric energy production cost made by a photovoltaic plant and the cost for the buying of the energy from the grid .

However, usually “ grid parity “ is when it is convenient to invest in a photovoltaic plant, both from a economic point of view and good profitability of the investment, where there aren’t incentives . Speaking of photovoltaic in Italy, the grid parity represents a reachable purpose, with substantial difference and therefore a higher or lower convenience of the investment, depending on the typology of plant, locality and usage of the energy that is produced. There are studies that summarises the differences between the grid parity model and market parity .

AUTHORISATION :

Authorisation for photovoltaic plants

Depending on cases, the authorisation to build photovoltaic plants in Italy starts with a simply communication of a prior installation to the municipality, however sometimes the process can become more elaborate and bureaucratic : it depends on single regional rules that have to regulate permission according to certain criteria, which must necessarily adhere to the national guidance .
Furthermore, the area in which the plant will be installed and the size of the photovoltaic plant affect this process as well .

For each photovoltaic plant type there is a specific authorisation, both for a photovoltaic plant that is installed on a roof a building and for the one that is installed on the ground and so on .
First of all it is necessary to contact the technical office of the municipality of the territory in which the plant will be installed, however the Province ( Provinces list ) has got competence and responsibility for the big plants or for photovoltaic plant that are next to protected areas, in some case the responsibilities belong to the Region ( Regions list ) or to the Superintendence ( superintendence list and Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities ).

AUTHORISATION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PLANTS

Except for the big photovoltaic plant on the ground or next to protected areas ( official list of protected natural areas ), where the process can become complex, usually the prior communication to the Municipality is enough in order to start working on plants such as domestic plants or small industrial plants . Since November 2015 an additional simplification of the bureaucracy has been in force : it is a simplified procedure to build a connection and start working on small photovoltaic plants on the buildings’ roof . This procedure allows to use a Modulo Unico ( a type of model ) in order to comply with obligations under the relevant laws : municipal authorisation , request application to Enel / Terna in order to connect with the grid, dispatch of practice for Net Metering to GSE . Link to the decree of simplification of authorisation for residential photovoltaic plants

COMMUNICATION TO THE MUNICIPALITY FOR THE AUTHORISATION

Simple authorisation title, it is the legislation for plants assimilated to activities of free building ( denuncia di inizio attività in edilizia ) . It is sent with telematics in some municipality and it is a prior communication to the municipality of a determinate territory, there is a tacit consent , and it is actually a communication of start of work . Contact point to refer to : Technical Office of the related Municipality .

When it is applied :

It is a request that is applied to plants which cannot benefit from the unique procedura autorizzativa semplificata ( a procedure ) under the power of 20 KW ; the communication to the municipality is suitable for small plants on the roof where the simplified procedure is not applied . The prior communication is enough for photovoltaic plants that are on the roof or are integrated in the roof with same inclination and equal to the to brim’s orientation where they will be installed ; a modification of the building ’s template that houses photovoltaic panels mustn’t be verified . Criteria are considered valid only if plants are not installed in areas subjected to protection or constraints of the legal code of cultural heritage and landscape . Otherwise other procedures are compulsory and the competence could move from municipality, province, region to the superintendence in order to grant authorisation .
The prior communication to the municipality is also a suitable authorisation for photovoltaic plants and from renewable sources that are compatible with the “ Net Metering” . Following there are some guideline :

Plants must not :

- provoke an alteration of the size of a building
- provoke an alteration of the surface of a buildings
- alter the intended use of a building
- modify the number of building units inside the building
- involve an increase of the number of urban parameters ( building codes )
- affect the structural parts of a building
- be on buildings that are in historic centres ( A area General Urban Development )
The prior communication to a determinate municipality as single authorisation typology, requires that the holder of the plant that will be built, has got the full legal participation ( Property ) on areas or on goods subjected to works that will be carried out in order to build the plant .

Building Integrated Photovoltaics

AUTORIZZAZIONE UNICA

When photovoltaic plants that will be installed are between 20 kW and 50 MW or in the case in which the proposer has not the full ownership on the areas or on the buildings, it will be necessary the Autorizzazione Unica AU ( A type of an authorisation ) and the competence will move from municipality, province or region .

PROCEDURA AUTORIZZATIVA SEMPLIFICATA AND MODELLO UNICO

The contact point for the granting of the authorisation is only the system operator ( Enel / Terna ) . Enel Distribution becomes the single mediator for the applicant for the handling of the case .
The Procedura Autorizzativa Semplificata was created in november 2015 in order to speed up the authorisation process for the installation of small photovoltaic plant on the roof . The authorisation process as bureaucracy involves exclusively the compilation and the next dispatch ( in 2 phases ) of a Modello Unico .
This “ Modello Unico” is accessible through telematics from the producer of the system operator on internet, in this case Enel Distribution . Through the gateway a first part of the model can be made out before the start of works and then a second section when works are finished .
Through this procedure, in 2 phases, the municipality is warned of the “ start of work “ and the request of installation of photovoltaic plant is sent to Enel, and a copy of the instance of request in order to access the net metering will be sent to GSE . The Modello Unico works as authorisation function for some photovoltaic plants . The Modello Unico has the big lead : the applicant can interface only with Enel in order to handle administrative and bureaucratic aspects and it permits the applicant to proceed to the presentation with different timing, 2 modules complying the authorisation request in order to create and install the photovoltaic plant .
The first phase of the model, before the start of works, includes the communication of “ start of works “ to the municipality, cadastral data of the plant ( visura cadastral ) and biographical data of the applicant . The second phase of the model, when works are finished, includes the communication of “end of works”, technical data of the plant, declaration of conformity and instance of start Net Metering .

It is possible to adhere to the simplified procedure and it concerns about new small domestic plants and small industrial plants . These are the requirements for the accession to the simplified process for those who want to install a photovoltaic plant :

- connection to a point of withdrawal in existing low voltage, where other plants of electric production are not connected
- lower or equal power to the power in the withdrawal point
- plant until 20 KW of power
- plant made on the roof
- connection to the grid through “ Net Metering “ method with GSE

Substantially the typology of plants which can be installed : new plants on the roof of houses, small companies, laboratories, sheds and condos .

LINKS

LINKS ON PHOTOVOLTAIC FIELD :

Renewable energy
PV, Solar Photovoltaic
Photovoltaic Geographical Information System ( PVGIS )
Grid parity
TICA ( testo integrato connessioni attive )
Valutazione Impatto Ambientale V.I.A.
Autorizzazioni Fotovoltaico ( AU autorizzazione unica, PAS procedura abilitativa semplificata )
Developer of photovoltaic parks
Green Field Investment
Attualizzazione ( Discount )
Buyer, Investor
Unit of measurement : Power ( Watt, Megawatt MW, Watt peak, Megawatt Peak MWp ), Surface ( Hectare )
Technical terms related to land : CDU ( Certificato di Destinazione Urbanistica ), Visura Cadastral for lands , Particelle Lotti, Agricultural soil Land typology
Google Earth ( Localizzazione terreni )
Electric Substation
Enel , Terna ( Handler of electricity grid )
GSE ( Handler of energetic services )
Professional association : Agronomists, Surveyors, Engineers, Architects, Experts , Professional office
Stakeholder
NDA Accordo di Non Divulgazione ( Non Disclosure Agreement )

contact IBS by mail

Translated by : Matteo Aristei

AGRI-FOOD & BEVERAGE CATALOGUE OFFER

AGRI-FOOD & BEVERAGE CATALOGUE OFFER

offerta-catalogo-agri-food-and-beverage

OFFERS AND AGRI-FOOD & BEVERAGE CATALOGUE FOR WHOLESALER, DISTRIBUTORS AND BUYERS

CONSTANT SUPPLIES, SPOT SUPPLIES, SPECIAL OFFERS, OFFERS ON STOCK PRODUCTS

Thanks to its partnerships IBS is delighted to launch the OFFER FROM THE AGRI-FOOD & BEVERAGE CATALOGUE with different typical Made in Italy products and some imported agri-food products and beverages , all at favourable prices. The Catalogue is intended both to wholesalers, distributors, buyers and EU OR Extra-EU products importers.

HOW TO ENTER THE CATALOGUE AND THE OFFERS:

To enter the catalogue please click on the link below, which will allow you to save the PDF file including product sheets, prices, payment methods and others useful details. However, because of the abundance of information contained in the catalogue, we suggest you to continue to browse through the article until you find the macro-class of the product and the page corresponding to the section, to fasten the research for the offers of interest.

IMPORTANT: the price reported near each product can be subjected to changes related to the following parameters:

- Quantity of product
- Place of delivery
- Possible supplements about the transportation fees
- Terms of payment
- Further documentation in case of markets with strong regulations and consumer protection (for example USA).

DOWNLOAD AGRI-FOOD & BEVERAGE CATALOGUE OFFER

(Wait until the full charge of the file !)

CONTACT US

After having examined the catalogue and its offers, please send a request for the products of interest through the section CONTACTS OF THE SITE, defining the specific parameters of the request for each product and including the references of the company or the representative of the company, to contact the applicant and to provide a custom-made offer for the product of interest.

FOR ALL THE PRODUCTS NOT IN THE CATALOGUE?

FOR ALL THE PRODUCTS OF INTEREST TO YOU THAT AREN’T IN THE CATALOGUE WE ASK YOU TO WRITE
A large number of other products are available, among them fruits and vegetables from Italy, Morocco, Egypt, Burkina Faso, and other countries, variations of the products in the catalogue, other unlisted products. Examples :
- VEGETABLES of all kinds (onions, broccoli, turnip tops, potatoes, beans, peas, tomatoes, pepper, chili pepper, etc.)
- FRUITS (different citrus fruits, oranges, clementines, limes, kiwis, apples, bananas, mangos, tangelos, coconuts, cacao, coffee, neem oil, etc.)
- SEVERAL OTHER AVAILABLE PRODUCTS: send us an application specifying the product of interest to you.

contact IBS by mail

catalogo-agri-food-prodotti

AGRI-FOOD & BEVERAGE OFFER

FOOD ITALY OFFERS (Made in Italy)

P.3 – PASTA

100% HARD WHEAT LONG AND SHORT ITALIAN DRIED PASTA, proteins 12,5%, pack sizes 500 g, 1 kg or 5 kg , constant or spot offer. Technical product sheet available on the catalogue.

100% HARD WHEAT LONG AND SHORT ITALIAN DRIED PASTA, PROTEINS 11% , sizes 500 g, 1 kg or 5 kg pack sizes , constant or spot offer. Technical product sheet available on the catalogue.

100% HARD WHEAT LONG AND SHORT ITALIAN DRIED PASTA, proteins 11%, 500 g pack size, different shapes available (spaghetti, penne, rigatoni, pasta twists), constant or spot offer (HUMANITARIAN PRODUCT).

100% SEMOLINA LONG AND SHORT FRESH NEAPOLITEAN PASTA , proteins 13,21%, pack sizes 500g first line , different shapes availbable ( scialatielli, neapolitean pasta twists, gragnano pasta twists, orecchiette, trofie, cavatelli, paccheri, calamarata /calamari), constant offer.

SEMOLINA RED LINE BRONZE-DRAWN FRESH EGG PASTA, proteins 14,9%, egg 28,3% ( compared to 15% average of market ), different shapes available ( tagliatelle, pappardelle, fettuccine, straw and hay pasta, tagliarini, spaghetti alla chitarra, rough pappardelle), constant or stock offer.

ITALIAN FRESH PASTA, DIFFERENT SHAPES AVAILABLE ( RAVIOLI, DUMPLINGS, COUSCOUS, MAIZE PORRIDGE), size 250 g, 400g, 500 g, 1 kg pack sizes.

P. 19 – RICE

ARBORIO RICE, CARNAROLI RICE , ROMA RICE, BASMATI RICE, BLACK VENERE RICE, VIALONE NANO RICE, ORIGINARIO RICE, RIBE RICE, THAI RICE, different pack sizes.

INDIAN BASMATI AND NON BASMATI RICE, Long Grain 5% Broken (IR 36-64 quality) Sortex Cleaned 6+mm
INDIAN BASMATI AND NON BASMATI RICE, Long Grain 25% Broken (IR 36-64 quality) Sortex Cleaned 6+ mm
INDIAN BASMATI AND NON BASMATI RICE 100% Broken White Raw Sortex Cleaned
INDIAN BASMATI RICE, PR11 White Sella
INDIAN BASMATI RICE, 1121 Basmati White Sella
INDIAN BASMATI RICE, Pusa Basmati / Raw- Steamed Rice
INDIAN BASMATI RICE, Sharbati Golden Sella
VIETNAMESE NON BASMATI RICE, Jasmine Rice 5% Broken
VIETNAMESE NON BASMATI RICE, Long Grain White Rice 5% Broken Sortex
VIETNAMESE NON BASMATI RICE, Long Grain White Rice 25% Broken Sortex
VIETNAMESE NON BASMATI RICE, Japonica Rice 5% Broken Sortex
Constant offer, spot offer.

Pag. 24 – CHEESE

PARMESAN CHEESE

PARMESAN CHEESE GENUINE ITALIAN PRODUCT TOLL 4 NUMBERS HIGH QUALITY RIPENING 24 months, constant offer.
PARMESAN CHEESE GENUINE ITALIAN PRODUCT EXTERNALLY LINED RIPENING 24 MONTHS, constant offer, spot offer
PARMESAN CHEESE GENUINE ITALIAN PRODUCT UNBRANDED RIPENING 24 months, constant offer, spot offer.

GRANA

AUTHENTIC GRANA CHEESE FROM PIACENZA RIPENING 13 MONTHS constant offer, spot offer.
GRANA ITALIAN UNBRANDED HARD CHEESE RIPENING 13 MONTHS constant offer, spot offer.

CALABRIAN CHEESES

CHEESES: caciocavallo cheese also smoked from Sibari Plain, provola also smoked from the Highlands of Sila, provola cheese animals also smoked from the Highlands of Sila, ring-shaped provola also smoked from the highlands of Sila, fist salt pecorino cheese with different flavourings, classic striped pecorino, pecorino monte poro, pecorino stracchinato cheese, Calabrian pecorino, red pepper pecorino, pecorino riserva, ripened black pepper pecorino, goat’s milk cheese from Sibari Plain, salted ricotta, smoked spicy ricotta, contadino mixed cheese (made with cow’s and sheep’s milk), campagnolo mixed cheese (made with cow’s and sheep’s milk), canestrato d’aspromonte mixed cheese (made with cow’s and sheep’s milk).

MOZZARELLA CHEESES

PDO BUFFALO MOZZARELLA FROM CAMPANIA, constant offer.
ITALIAN MOZZARELLA FOR PIZZA

P. 35 – FLOURS

ITALIAN STANDARD FLOUR AND FOR PIZZA, 25 kg pack size
ITALIAN DOUBLE MILLED DURUM WHEAT FLOUR, 25 kg pack size
ITALIAN SOFT WHEAT FLOUR, 25 KG pack size

Pag. 38 – HAMS AND CURED MEATS

RAW HAM

BONE-IN HAM, PRODUCT FROM THE EUROPEAN COMMON MARKET 6,2 –6, KG constant offer. Spot offer.
BONELESS RAW HAM, PRODUCT FROM THE EUROPEAN COMMON MARKET 6+/ 7+ KG constant offer, spot offer.
BONE- IN HAM, PRODUCT FROM THE EUROPEAN COMMON MARKET 7,8 KG, constant offer.

BOILED HAM

BOILED HAM GLUTEN AND LACTOSE FREE average weight 9,3 Kg, MEC processing Italy continuous offer, spot offer.

HANDMADE CALABRIAN CURED MEAT, GENUINE NDUJA AND HOME-MADE CURED MEATS

NDUJA FROM SPILINGA ( packed in pig’s blind gut or large intestine, in a jar, pastry bag, in a tube), HOME SALAMI MADE WITH PORK NECK, HOME-MADE BRAWN, HOME-MADE SAUSAGE, HOME-MADE BACON.
NDUJA FROM SPILINGA (in a jar and packed apiece), ROLLED BACON, BRAWN MADE WITH SWEET OR HOT PEPPERS, HOT SALAMI MADE WITH PORK NECK, HOT SAUSAGE, SWEET SAUSAGE, SPICY SCHIACCIATA SALAMI SAUSAGE.

CURED MEATS OF CAMPANIA

NEAPOLITAN SALAMI 1,6 –1,8 Kg vacuum packed also half-cut, spot offer, stock offer.
DIFFERENT KIND OF CURED MEATS: Milan salami, Hungarian salami, spianata salami, roman spianata salami, spicy ventricina salami, Bologna sausage, 4×4 shoulder ham, 6 kg full leg ham bone-in, 6 kg cooked and shoulder ham without fat, 8-8,5 kg full leg gran cotto ham- 8- 8,5 kg high-quality cooked ham, pork neck rolled bacon without fats, salami made with pork neck, smoky bacon, 300 g milanetto salami, Hungarian salami, Napoli sausage home-made salami. Constant offer, spot offer.

P. 48 – FISH, CANNED FISH, FRESH FISH, FROZEN FISH

POSEIDON TUNA 80 g sunflower oil, constant offer, spot offer.
AIRONE TUNA 80 g and 1,7 kg olive oil, constant offer, spot offer.
TUNA different packagings, sunflower oil and olive oil, constant offer, spot offer, stock offer.
ITALIAN TUNA in olive and sunflower oil
TUNA AND WHOLE/SLICED SARDINE IN OIL canned , olive and sunflower oil
SLICE OF TUNA in olive oil
SALMON, fresh or frozen, slice or whole, of various origin e.g. Norwegian salmon smoked as well
WHOLE FRESH NORWEGIAN SALMON, weight 2, 9, +9 kg, continuous offer, spot offer
frozen TUNA, frozen SWORDFISH, frozen BILLFISH, frozen OCTOPUS, frozen SQUID, SHORTFIN SQUIDS frozen, frozen CUTTLEFISH, frozen COD, frozen SEA BASS and PERCH, frozen SEA BREAM, frozen SNAPPER, frozen MEAGRE, FOR ANGLERFISH, SHRIMP, CRAYFISH TAILS, MUSSEL, CLAM, SCALLOP
Various Offers

P. 62 – TOMATO, SAUCES, PUREES, PRESERVES, PICKLES, PULSES, VEGETABLES, MUSHROOMS, TRUFFLES, FRUIT

TOMATO

TOMATO FROM CAMPANIA: FINE TOMATO PULP FOR PIZZA, WHOLE PEELED TOMATOES, CRUSHED TOMATOES, CHERRY TOMATOES, TOMATO PUREE, DOUBLE CONCENTRATED TOMATO, different packagings.
TOMATO SAUCE canned pack, glass pack, tetrapack, easy top open, various formats , various brands
PEELED TOMATOES canned 3 Kg, TOMATO FLESH canned 3 kg. and other formats and packs
CONCENTRATE TOMATO PASTE 28/30 210, 400, 800 g tubes.
DOUBLE CONCENTRATED TOMATO PASTE 30/32 210, 400, 800 g tubes.
TRIPLE CONCENTRATED TOMATO PASTE 36/38 210, 400, 800 g tubes.
Constant offer, spot offer.

SAUCES, PUREES, PICKLES, OLIVES, GRILLED VEGETABLES

SAUCES: basil, arrabbiata, Mediterranean, marinara, vegetable, peppers, aubergine, olives, puttanesca, garlic, turnip greens, grilled vegetables, champignon, vodka, amatriciana, bolognese, boscaiola, porcini mushrooms, tuna and clam sauces.
SPREADS: sun-dried tomatoes spread, spicy spread, green and black olives spread, peppers spread, rocket spread, red and green pesto spread, asparagus spread, black olives pesto spread, porcini mushroom spread, artichoke spread, salmon spread, truffle spread, four cheese spread, truffle pesto spread.
PUREES: mixed vegetables in sunflower oil, aubergine slices, peppers, round sliced zucchini, champignon and shiitake mushrooms, stuffed olives, sliced artichoke, traditional and peppers sauce for bruschetta, sun-dried tomato sauce, artichoke sauce, olive sauce, champignon sauce, peppers compote, sun- dried tomato compote, wild onions, entire artichoke, olive oil condiment for rice.
PICKLES: mixed vegetables sauce ideal for toasts, mixed pickles, julienne salad, condiment for rice, onions, gherkins, capers with stalks.
OLIVES: bella di cerignola olives GP, big bella di cerignola olives GP, black olives G.
GRILLED PRODUCTS: aubergines, peppers, zucchini, meadow mushrooms, artichokes.

MUSHROOMS AND OTHERS CALABRIAN HAND-MADE SPECIALITIES

MUSHROOMS: entire or sliced porcini mushrooms, mixed mushrooms with porcini, grilled porcini, dried porcini mushrooms, porcini powder, frozen entire and cubed porcini mushrooms, mixed mushrooms, entire and sliced porcini made according to the country tradition, honey mushrooms, moss mushrooms, porcinello mushrooms, pleurotus mushrooms, rositi mushrooms, galletti mushrooms.

TOMATOES, ONIONS, HOT PEPPER, GARLIC, OLIVES, ARTICHOKES, ANCHOVIES, VEGETABLES, PÂTÉS: green tomatoes, sun-dried tomatoes also in pack, striped, sliced and grilled aubergines, entire and sliced grilled artichokes, sweet-and-sour red onion, tasty onion, wild pearl onions, borettane pearl onions, garlic in olive oil, Calabrian appetizer, Calabrian mushrooms appetizer, mixed grilled vegetables in oil, green tomatoes, natural capers, Calabrian hot pepper and mixed vegetables spreadable cream “piccantino”, entire and sliced red pepper, chopped hot pepper, hot peppers flakes, sweet pepper flakes, fine sweet peppers powder, Calabrian hot pepper pastes ( bomba di suverato, esplosivo calabrese, bumba tropeana, bumba calabrese, bumba serrese), pâté made with garlic olive oil and red pepper, pitted olives ( available also in vacuum-sealed pack), natural green olives, Calabrian cracked olives (also in pack) , black olives monacale, dried black olives in glass and pack, spiced small black olives in pack, natural black olives, green stuffed olives, natural large olives, porcini pâté, country pâté, garlic pâté, black and green olives pâté, artichoke pâté, aubergine pâté, vegetables pâté, hot and sweet chili peppers, sun-dried tomato pâté, tuna pâté, red onion pâté, Calabrian pesto, bruschetta toppings, porcini mushroom sauce, nduja sauce, anchovies spiced with hot pepper and oregano,marinated ice-fish spiced with Calabrian red pepper, anchovy fillets, tuna fillets, Calabrian hot cherry peppers filled with anchovies olives and sun-dried tomatoes, hot peppers filled with tuna, tomato roulades, dehydrated garlic oil and peppers topping mix for pasta, garlic hot pepper mushrooms onion oregano and parsley topping mix for spaghetti and penne, wild fennel, oregano, oregano bunch, black pepper in grains, hot chili oil, hot pepper jelly, onion jelly.

BAGELS with hot pepper, onion, nduja , pizza bagel bites, traditional bagels, bagels with fennels.

TAGLIATELLE made with hot pepper and spinach powder, tagliatelle mad with porcini mushrooms powder, fileja homemade pasta with porcini mushrooms, fileja made with hot pepper and spinach powder, traditional fileja, chilli pepper fileja, traditional tagliatelle.

MARMALADES: orange marmalade, bergamot marmalade, mandarin marmalade.

MUSHROOMS( fresh and frozen), TRUFFLES, DRIED FRUIT, BERRIES (fresh and frozen)

FRESH, PORCINI, CHANTERELLES, ST GEORGE MUSHROOMS
PORCINI frozen, WHOLE or dices
PORCINI MUSHROOMS dried
TRUFFLES: black summer truffle, black winter truffle, white truffle
DRIED FRUIT: pine nuts, shelled nuts, whole nuts, smashed nuts, shelled almond, blanched hazelnuts, whole pistachios, whole peanut, cashew
FROZEN BERRIES: sour cherries, raspberries, strawberries, prunes, blackberries, mixed berries
FROZEN VEGETABLES: green peas, green beans, red sliced peppers, yellow sliced peppers, carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, courgettes, peas and carrots mix, diced potatoes

CHAMPIGNON MUSHROOMS, ARTICHOKES, MAIZE, PEACHES

CHAMPIGNON MUSHROOM, ARTICHOKES, MAIZE, PEACHES in different packages.

CANNED PULSES

BEANS: borlotti beans, cannellini beans, tondini beans, chickpeas, lentils, red beans, black beans, black-eyed beans, beans stew, oven-baked beans with tomato and spices, vegetable mix, vegetable and emmer soup, vegetables and barley soup.

BIOLOGICAL PULSES (BIO)

BIO cannellini beans, BIO borlotti beans, BIO tondini beans, BIO chickpeas, BIO lentils, BIO red beans, BIO black beans, BIO vegetable mix (borlotti beans, cannellini beans, chickpeas, red beans, black beans).

Pag. 117 – COFFEE, MILK, ICE CREAM

ITALIAN COFFEE

ITALIAN COFFEE: MILLED COFFEE, COFFEE IN GRAINS, robusta/arabica blend of coffee rich taste in grains or milled. 250 g and 1 kg pack sizes. Constant offer, spot offer. Product sheet: manufactured goods available on the catalog.
NEAPOLITAN COFFEE WHOLESALE PRICES: RE FERDINANDO O’ CAFE’ AND PULCINELLA COFFEE, traditional Neapolitan robusta/ arabica coffee blend in grains. 250 g and 1 kg pack sizes. Constant offer.
NEAPOLITAN COFFEE PODS: RE FERDINANDO O’ CAFE’ AND PULCINELLA COFFEE, traditional Neapolitan robusta/ arabica coffee blend in pods. Constant offer.
SEGAFREDO COFFEE ( INTERMEZZO): coffee in grains. 1 kg pack size. Origin Italy. Spot offer, stock offer.
LAVAZZA COFFEE ( CREMA E GUSTO): coffee. 250 g x 2 pack size. Origin Italy. Stock offer.
“GROUND COFFEE “ JACOBS KRONUG COFFEE: coffee in grains. 500 G pack size. Origin Germany. Constant offer, spot offer.
LAVAZZA COFFEE SUERTE
KIMBO COFFEE
OTHER BRANDS

MILK

MILASAN POWDERED MILK, ” Pre / 1 / 2 / 3″ 500 g pack size. Origin Germany.
APTAMIL POWDERED MILK, 1 / 2 / 3 600 g pack size. Origin Germany
NIDO NESTLE’ POWDERED MILK TIN, 1/ 2 /3 years, 400 G pack sizes. Origin Germany. text in English/ Arabic.
POWDERED MILK FOR HUMAN USE, origin Australia, available both skimmed and whole, in 25 kg sacks.
Constant offer, spot offer.
Purchasing procedures on the catalog.

ITALIAN UHT MILK Flagon/ tetrapak 1 l pack size. Availability: WHOLE, PARTLY SKIMMED, SKIMMED. Constant offer, spot offer.

POWDER SOFT ICE CREAM

SOFT MILK, SOFT CHOCOLATE, SOFT YOGURT, SOFT STRAWBERRY. Origin Italy. Constant offer, spot offer.

Pag. 139 – WATER, WINES, BEVERAGE, SPIRITS

MINERAL WATER

MINERAL WATER BY A RENOWNED ITALIAN COMPANY, in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle 500 ml, 1,5 l, 2 l.
MINERAL WATER BY ANOTHER RENOWNED ITALIAN COMPANY, polyethene terephthalate (PET) bottle, 500 ml, 1,5 l, 2 l.
Constant offer, spot offer.

DOC AND DOCG ITALIAN DRY WHITE WINES AND SPARKLY WHITE WINES

VALDOBBIADENE DRY WHITE WINE, Veneto Italy, 750 ml bottle size.
SPARKLY WHITE WINE, Veneto Italy, 750 ml bottle size.
GRAN COUVEE’ SPARKLING WINE, Veneto Italy, 750 ml bottle size.
COUVEE’ PRESTIGE SPARKLING WINE, Veneto Italy, 750 ml bottle size.
Constant offer, spot offer.

DOCG ASTI WINES CONSORTIUM, WINES FROM PIEDMONTESE WINERIES

RED STILL WINES:

Barolo wine DOCG 14 ° Vintage 2012 cl 75
Barbaresco wine DOCG 13,5 ° Vintage 2013 cl 75
Red Piedmontese wine DOCG 13° Vintage 2014 cl 75
Red Langhe wine DOC 13° Vintage 2012 cl 75
Nebbiolo d’Alba wine DOCG 13,5° Vintage 2014 cl 75
Barbera d’Asti wine DOCG Vintage 2014 cl 75
Barbera D’Alba DOC 12,5° Vintage 2015 cl 75
Dogliani wine DOCG 12,5° Vintage 2015 cl 75
Langhe dolcetto dry red wine DOC 12° Vintage 2014 cl 75
Piemonte Barbera wine DOC 12° Vintage 2015 cl 75
Grignolino d’Asti wine DOC 12° Vintage 2015 cl 75

WINES FROM BRICCO ROSSO ESTATE:

Dogliani DOCG wine 13,5° Vintage 2012 cl 75
Langhe red wine DOC 13,5° Vintage 2009 cl 75

WHITE STILL WINES:

Roero Arneis wine DOCG 13° Vintage 2015 cl 75
Gavi di Gavi wine DOCG 12° Vintage 2015 cl 75
Gavi wine DOCG 12° Vintage 2015 cl 75
Piedmont Cortese DOC Vintage 2015 cl 75

SPARKLING WINES, FIZZES:

Sweet Moscato D’Asti DOCG 5,5° Vintage 2015 cl 75
Sweet Asti sparkling wine DOCG 7,5° Non-Vintage cl 75
Sweet Moscato sparkling wine 6,5° Non-Vintage cl 75
Red Sweet Piedmont Brachetto DOC 7° Non-Vintage cl 75
Dry Pinot Chardonnay Brut 12° Non-Vintage cl 75
Extra Dry Cuvee Sparkling wine 11° Non- Vintage cl 75

ITALIAN RED AND WHITE WINES

RED AND WHITE ITALIAN WINE, 750 ml bottle size, TUSCAN 10,50 DEGREES. Costant offer, spot offer.
LACRYMA CHRISTI WINE DOP, red, white, rosè, from CAMPANIA Italy, 750 ml bottle size. Constant offer.
AGLIANICO, FALANGHNA, CABERNET, MERLOT, CHARDONNAY WINES, 750 ml bottle sizes. Constant offer.
PGI WINE, AGLIANICO, FALANGHINA, PIEDIROSSO, CODA DI VOLPE from CAMPANIA Italy, 750 ml bottles. Constant offer.
RED AND WHITE WINES FROM SOUTHERN ITALY, 750 ml bottle size. Constant offer,spot offer.
RED AND WHITE WINES FROM THE MARCHES, Il Chiurlo Winery Marches Italy, 750 ml bottle sizes. Constant offer, spot offer.
ITALIAN RED AND WHITE WINE, 750 ml bottle size. Constant offer, spot offer.
ITALIAN RED AND WHITE TABLE WINE, 750 ml bottle size. Constant offer.
RED AND WHITE TABLE WINE from CAMPANIA Italy, 750 ml bottle size. Constant offer.

SPIRITS

REAL RUSSIAN STOLICHNAYA VODKA, 500 ml, 750 ml, 1 l bottle sizes.
REAL RUSSIAN MOSKOVSKAYA VODKA, 500 ml, 750 ml, 1 l bottle sizes.
REAL BYELORUSSIAN AKVADIV VODKA, 500 ml, 700 ml bottle sizes.
REAL LITHUANIAN BARSKA VODKA, 1 l bottle size.
5 VERY VERY SUPERIOR OLD PALE BOLGRAD BRANDY 40° 500 ml bottle size.
BLENDED CLAN WHISKY 40°, 700 ml, 1 l bottle size.
WHITE MARTINI 500 ml, 750 ml bottle sizes.
RED MARTINI, 500 ml, 750 ml bottle sizes.
ROSÉ MARTINI, 750 ml bottle size.
BITTER MARTINI, 750 ml bottle size.
Constant offer, spot offer.

P. 153 – EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OILS, OLIVE OILS, POMACE OIL

100% ITALIAN BIOLOGICAL EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OIL , from Puglia.
100% EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OIL, ITALIAN OLIVES, from Calabria.
100% EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OIL, ITALIAN OLIVES, from Puglia.
100% EU EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OIL, from Sicily, 1 l glass bottle.
EU EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OIL, Ex-work Italy, 1 l bottles.
100% EU EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OIL , from Sicily, 1 l polyethylene terephthalate bottle.
EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL MADE WITH SPANISH OLIVES
CHEAP OLIVE OIL OF SPANISH ORIGIN
EU OLIVE OIL, from Sicily, 1 l glass bottle.
EU OLIVE OIL, Ex- work Italia, 1 l bottle.
EU OLIVE OIL, from Sicily 1 l polyethylene terephthalate bottle.
EU EXTRAVIRGIN OLIVE OIL, from Sicily, 5 l polyethylene terephthalate bottle.
Constant offer, spot offer.

POMACE OLIVE OIL, from Sicily, 1 l glass bottle.
POMACE OLIVE OIL, from Sicily, 1 l polyethylene terephthalate bottle.
Ex-work Italy POMACE OLIVE OIL, 1 l packs.
Constant offer, spot offer.

P. 167 – SUGAR

WHITE REFINED ITALIAN SUGAR, 1 kg paper bag.
ICUMSA WHITE REFINED SUGAR 45, from Brasil, 50 kg sacks.
WHITE REFINED SUGAR, from Thailand, 50 kg sacks.
Constant offer, spot offer.

P. 168 – WHEAT

DURUM WHEAT 14% PROTEINS, from Argentina. Constant offer, spot offer. Available in the catalogue certificate and product sheet, including terms of delivery and payment, trade procedure.
CANADIAN DURUM WHEAT 14% PROTEINS. Constant offer, spot offer.
CORN, YELLOW CORN, origiN Argentina and Brazil
WHITE CORN, WHITE CORN, origin Argentina and Brazil
SOY, YELLOW SOYBEAN origin Argentina and Brazil
SOY, SOYBEAN MEAL origin Argentina and Brazil

P. 179 – VEGETABLE OIL and PELLET

Malaysian SUNFLOWER OIL
Raw SUNFLOWER OIL
Refined SOYA BEEN OIL
Raw SOYA BEEN OIL
Refined CORN-SEED OIL
Raw CORN-SEED OIL
Refined Biodiesel CP 8 Y CP 10 PALM OIL
RAW PALM-OIL B100
Refined COLZA OIL
Raw COLZA OIL
Packaging: PET 1 lt, 2 lt, 10 lt, 20 lt, 200 LITERS, FLEXITANK REFINEDOIL 21 MT, ISOTANK, PACKINGBULK.
European Standards.
Constant offer, spot offer.

- PELLETS

SOME LINKS:

- EX-WORKS
- INCOTERMS 2010
- MAIN DOCUMENTS TO USE ON THE FOREIGN MARKET
- THE DELIVERY AND THE QUALITY OF THE GOODS
-
MENTIONS ABOUT THE PROVENANCE OF THE GOODS
- CUSTOM GLOSSARY

AGRIBUSINESS, FOOD FARMING CHAINS AND AGRI-FOOD

AGRIBUSINESS : FOOD FARMING CHAINS AND AGRI-FOOD

agribusiness filiere e agrifood

AGRIBUSINESS : FOOD FARMING CHAINS AND AGRI-FOOD

ABOUT US: IBS in partnership with Rubival International Srl, specialized in the agribusiness sector, in launching, implementation and coordination of food chains projects, intends to present some examples of food chain: dairy chain, tomato chain, poultry sector, processing plants, machinery, agricultural projects, selling of livestock, greenhouses, and systems for protected crops.

TARGETS: In the context of Agribusiness projects and chain, IBS and Rubival collaborate with the main companies specialized in the Agribusiness, and they have the suitable technical specialized competencies for the complete coordination of projects in the agri-food sector. IBS and Rubival can count on an internal operational unit and a qualified work team that includes agronomists, marketing experts, business planning, project management and also competencies for a 360-degrees management of projects including commercial and contractual contexts.

FOREIGN PROJECTS AND INTERNATIONALIZATION: In the context of foreign projects of internationalization or for foreign commissions where is requested to create from scratch an agri-food chain, or to respond with specific solutions to specific problems in the agribusiness sector, the work team is able to ensure the proper management of processes also abroad, through analysis and accurate strategies.

STAKEHOLDERS: The following information summarizes the competencies within IBS and Rubival through a list of some companies that have participated in practice in foreign projects. The projects have seen the intervention of authorities and subjects that have guaranteed the function of the export-credit insurance. Between the stakeholders also national and supranational authorities that have participated in the planning stage, arranging through suitable competent offices some geo-climatic and geological information of the interested lands and regions to the interventions.

PROJECT REFERENCES: This document, describes an example of chain and assortment of companies selected for the project dimensions and for the intervention typology. In other projects, the companies that will be involved could be the same or other companies, according to the project to realize. Specialized companies and with ten-year experience internationally have numerous references every time willing to accompany of a planning proposal.

EXAMPLES OF FOOD FARMING CHAINS AND COMPETENCE IN THE AGRIBUSINESS SECTOR:

DAIRY AND MEAT CHAIN
TOMATO CHAIN
POULTRY SECTOR
GREENHOUSES AND SYSTEMS FOR PROTECTED CROPS for plants and vegetables

DAIRY AND MEAT CHAIN

agribusiness filiera del latte

CROPS

SPECIAL FERTILIZERS: Society leader in the Agribusiness sector that produces special fertilizers starting with raw materials of a very high quality able to optimize and obtain greater performances and organic efficiency of nutrient components. It is able to develop a complex and detailed nutritional strategy for each cultivation, linked to the soil type, to the growth environment and to expected results, the whole thing thanks to vertical competencies and to know-how purchases directly in the field globally on the most important agricultural areas of the world, from the Mediterranean basin to the Centre and South America, to the principal Arabic countries.

HIGH TECHNOLOGY FOR THE AGRICULTURE: Society founded and working in the agribusiness field since 1950, a leader in the production of machinery and systems for water and sewage distribution through the use of VRT satellite technologies. The company has gained a prime position in the production and selling of high technology plants and agricultural machinery for the agriculture and for breeding.

FEEDING-STUFFS

RUMIN-ART, SOLE, TERRA, ACQUA: Company equipped with specialization in feeding-stuffs, for all the requirements, from the cultivation to agricultural businesses (from sowing to cultivation, to conservation and harvest, rumen construction, supply, monitoring). The company develops studied products for any animal species: both milk powder, and food, supplements, and products specifically optimized for animals health as well as the environmental protection.

STRUCTURES AND COWSHEDS

BARN EQUIPMENT: Company at the forefront in the zootechnics and agribusiness world for almost 50 years, with high innovative technologies in creating modern and functional breeding farms, focusing in particular on the general well-being of the animal.
It designs barns, plants and zootechnical centers both for cows and female buffalos and more. It has a wide range of equipment focused on the breeding of productive livestock: porks, sheep, goats, poultry and rabbits. It produces prefabricated steel structures, which apply in the zootechnics sector, but also in the agricultural and industrial sector in general.

MIXER-WAGONS, TELESCOPIC HANDLERS: Company who can plan, produce and sell worldwide mixer-wagons designed for the cattle industry, for the zootechnics sector and also produces telescopic handlers widely used in the agricultural sector, in the industrial and construction sectors. The company, founded in 1973, manages to preserve the tradition of a solid family guide, combined with dynamism and with an efficient organization as well as modernity of a big international group, today present in each continent with its own branch and distributors network and dedicated retailers. Well-know brand in the context of agribusiness and a name which is synonymous with reliability. It is also well-known for its continuous technological development and for a qualified assistance, as well as for an efficient service of after-sales support offered to their customers (Service and Spares).

MILKING SYSTEMS

COMPLETE MANAGING OF THE MILKING: Agribusiness company leader in the Italian market designs equipment and milking plants as well as innovative solutions for a global approach to breeding, using the most advanced technology currently available, in order to optimize the management of the modern agricultural dairy business. Modern and sophisticated technologies are successfully applied to dairy cows, female buffalos, goats, and sheep. A wide range of products for every breeding requirement: from milk extraction to milk refrigeration, robots to automate processes, pasteurization, and calfs automatic feeding, so a for a global 360 degrees management of processes, in conditions of hygiene and healthiness.

MILKING, PRODUCTION AND FOLLOWING PACKAGING CHAIN

QUALITY AND SAFE HANDLING OF FOOD: World leader company in the agribusiness sector specialized in the provision of establishments and process machinery for the agri-food sector, equipment for the treatment of dairy products, a wide range of milk pasteurization units, UHT lines ( Ultra High Temperature), self-cleaning centrifuges and in line milk and cream standardized, completed with a new generation of membrane filtration systems. The level of engineering is very high, there is a constant research of solutions and quality performances, innovative process technologies to get a wide range of liquid food, such as products with solid content or high-viscosity products. Modern control and industrial automation systems to ensure the highest reliability and efficiency, from the littlest and simplest in their architecture plants to the most complex production lines for the management of complex processes and productive systems. Rationalize of energy, water, and natural resources consumptions, leading at the same time to a maximization of the production efficiency.


ASEPTIC PACKAGING OF LIQUID PRODUCTS: for over 30 years the company has worked in the Agribusiness sector and now offers high innovative global solutions to packaging in a completely aseptic way liquid products in a wide range of poly-laminate cardboard containers (applicator, secondary packaging, Ultra-High-Temperature UHT sterilization system/pasteurization, packaging). The company equipped with ISO 9001 certification by the DNV, present in the list of milk packaging material suppliers which have been approved by FDA. The managing system of food safety certified through the scheme FSSC 22000, such that enables it to produce packaging material certified FSC™ and PEFC™.

BIOENERGY

NITROGEN REDUCTION AND BIOGAS PRODUCTION: Company leader in the context of the biogas sector and systems created and optimized for manure and organic compound processing with nitrogen reduction. Great references due to the fact that it can boast more than 250 bio-energetic project worldwide.

SLAUGHTERHOUSES

SLAUGHTERHOUSES, WITH DEBONING AND MANIPULATION OF THE MEATS, PLANTS FOR CATTLE, PIGS AND SHEEP: Company with significant expertise in the planning and realization of complete lines for the slaughtering, working and deboning of cattle, pigs, sheep, and goats. In the context of the Agribusiness, the company offers advanced technological and user-friendly solutions completely in accordance with European and USDA health regulations into force. Complete lines and equipment concerning stables, halls for cattle, pigs, sheep and goats slaughter, halls for the working and deboning of pigs, machines for processing by-products.

FOOD CONSERVATION

FOOD INDUSTRY REFRIGERATION: Experience, undisputed quality, reliability and complete safety in the design and in the realization of refrigeration facilities for agri-food industry that the company exports worldwide. Use of “cold” for refrigeration and food conservation, cheese and cold cuts drying and ripening, cooling of cereals contained in silos and refrigerated transport, production of big systems for industrial refrigeration in the Agribusiness.

TOMATO CHAIN

agribusiness filiera pomodoro

GLOBAL GROUP

Global group turned to Agribusiness, which is able to integrate competencies, scientific resources, technical and commercial support, in order to guarantee to people who work in agriculture a complete and unique offer of seeds, crop protection, a coherent whole of integrated solutions which are able to maximize the profitability of the entire farm and to satisfy the most demanding requests of the agri-food chain, focusing their attention on innovation, high quality and sustainability, to produce more and better.

SEEDS: obtaining excellent results from crops in term of quality and productivity, relating to the environment, climate and soil condition and to technical nature means used in the context of cultivation, also thanks to advanced and excellent quality seeds, turned to sectors of small-grain cereals, corn, industrial and horticultural crops.

CROP PROTECTION PRODUCTS: to protect crops through a wide and organized range of crop protection products for the majority of plant health problems: from weed management to harmful insect control, to fungal diseases, for a broad-spectrum protection of crops in line with a modern sustainable agriculture.

CROPS, HORTICULTURE, AND VALUE: high contents in terms of innovation and high-value, products valid for crop protection both chemical and biological, a wide range of integrated productive solutions, which comply with the diversified needs of the entire chain.

SOME DETAILS ON THE QUALITY OF INDUSTRIAL TOMATO

The project of chain for the industrial tomato production has as purpose incrementing qualitative and quantitative yield in view of a lower and more efficient use of resources as soil, water, crop protection products and nutrients. Agreements relating to genetics, innovative crop protection products combined with a crop protection and crop enhancement protocol, to get a “quality chain” of industrial tomato. The protocol offers to farmers:

•INNOVATIVE GENETICS: for a high productive and transformation yield for tomato puree, finely chopped tomatoes, peeled tomatoes and diced tomatoes and to increase the resistance of different types of cereals to stress and pathogens, in different growing conditions.

•CROP PROTECTION PRODUCTS: that are able to protect plants and to improve their physiological efficiency, carrying out a positive on productive and qualitative yield, optimizing the water efficiency or the sugar content or other functional components, with a significant reduction of the apical rot (physiological imbalance that can reduce substantially yields and quality of processed products).

A high-quality level of the product at the beginning of the transformation process is essential to get high-quality products: the quality is created in the field and is kept throughout the chain, through to the end-user.

A NETWORK OF 17 SPECIALIZED COMPANIES IN THE TOMATO CHAIN

The first tomato chain in Italy composed of companies that cover the entire chain: the study of soils, fertigation, transformation, plant nursery activities, commercialization, production of industrial and harvesting machines.

MEDIATION AND COMMERCIALIZATION: A company operating in the mediation of agri-food products in the formats both for industry, catering, and retail, distributed worldwide, with a network of foreign collaborators, transformation industries, distribution chains and importers.

PRODUCTS FOR THE AGRICULTURE: A company in the agribusiness that has provided products for the agriculture and zootechnics sectors for 25 years. Seeds: targeted selection (cereals, fodder plants, and vegetables) for the needs of the cultivation geographical area.
Fertilizers: specific products for the indicated crop, “sophisticated” solutions to “controlled transfer” to guarantee balanced growth and high-quality productions.

Crop protection products: low environmental impact crop protecting products to safeguard health.
Solutions for zootechnics: genetics, food and nutrition, environment and animal sanitization.
Specialized technical support: technical/commercial staff for the best solution according to productive targets, after-sale assistance for the best investment yield.

RAW MATERIALS AND SEMI-FINISHED PRODUCTS FOR FOOD: A company which has been operating for 35 years in the agribusiness sector, in particular in raw materials, semi-finished, canned fruit and vegetables, finished goods. Industrial food packaging, second-hand machinery for the food industry.

PACKAGING MACHINERY: A leader company in the construction of labeling and cartooning machines and special lines for cylindrical and metal cans for over 70 years.

MACHINES FOR FILTRATION, IRRIGATION, AND MONITORING: A company that designs and supplies filtration and micro-irrigation plants, weather stations, Tele control systems of plants and soil moisture, IT solutions and databases, flexible tanks for the storage of liquids, in every sector of agriculture.

PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF MACHINES: Consultation for industrial layouts in the agribusiness industry sector, and in particular in the canning industry, provision of machines and lines in existing establishments, development and planning of new production lines, solving problems concerning quality and/or production yield, analysis and validation of stabilization thermal processes, 360 degrees consultation on the finely chopped tomatoes production.

FOOD INDUSTRY PLANTS: A leader company in design, construction, and sale of plants intended for the food industry. The company implements lines for tomato and fruit manufacturing to obtain tomato paste, tomato puree, fruit juice, jams and other by-products and it is able to realize complete turnkey projects. Construction of enzymatic inactivation plants, extraction of juice or pulp, concentration, clarification, filtration, pasteurization and sterilization with subsequent aseptic filling, in cans and jars.

MOVEMENT OF GOODS: A specialized company in innovative systems of palletisation and movement, to guarantee the supply of high-quality products with the greatest energy saving and the lowest maintenance costs for the client.

ECOSYSTEMS: This company works in the agri-environmental sector: in agronomic rehabilitations and improvement of agricultural soils.
It has a laboratory for physicochemical and microbiological analyses in the agronomic, environmental and industrial fields.
It has a research laboratory where innovative projects in the agricultural, ecologic, industrial and agribusiness sectors are developed.

SELF-PROPELLED MACHINES: World leader company in the construction and commercialization of self-propelled machines for the tomato harvest. These machines are innovative, technologic and more functional. The tomato harvesters are the feather in the cap of the company, but also the machines for strawberries, onions, cucumbers and peppers (the only company who can make a machine for the pepper) are very good. The company has designed optical selectors, for their machines, which can recognize flaws and colors of fruits independently of natural lighting conditions. This guarantees the quality of the products, rejecting unripe or dirty tomatoes, soil and stones during the harvesting, assuring the quality of the raw material. The launch of even more eco-friendly machines is foreseen, to minimize both consumption and environmental impact. At the same time, the machines will be easier to handle, user-friendly and with a high productivity.

LOGISTIC OPERATOR: Operator in Italy leader in the sector of logistics and FMGC transport, can boast more than ten years of deliveries, and partnerships with the most important companies of the large-scale distribution.

PACKAGING: A company that has been for 20 years in the context of tomato by-product and fruit packaging on national and international markets with its production of cylindrical and truncated cone-shaped barrels to ensure very good services in the field of movement and transport of foodstuffs, and high savings in the field of storage, security and logistics.

POULTRY SECTOR

agribusiness filiera polli progetti avicoli

TURNKEY PROJECTS AND POULTRY PLANTS

The company has a wide experience in the agribusiness, realizes turnkey projects for the production of eggs and broilers, poultry plants, laying hens systems, alternative systems / cage-free, free-range systems, chicken manure treatment. It designs prefabricated barns of all sizes, brooders for chickens, laying hens, broilers, breeders, feed and egg collection systems, silos, chicken manure removal, watering, heating and ventilation systems, air intake systems, electrical installations and alarm systems, lighting systems, computer control systems.

PLANTS FOR POULTRY FARMING

The company propose solutions at the forefront of building plants for laying hens, from the first day of life until the end of the production process, fully integrated systems for the broiler farming, automated and computer systems on watering, feeding, egg collecting, Universal Plus enrichment, cage doors, air conditioning and heating, removal, drying and storage of chicken manure, computerized management, barns, accessibility, cleanness.

EQUIPMENT FOR SLAUGHTERING PLANTS

The company is a leader in the design, construction, and installation of equipment used in slaughtering plants for chickens, turkeys, rabbits and porks. Thanks to experience gained since 1956, the company can offer to their clients a complete range of machinery that cover all stages of the process: collecting and transport of live chickens, their slaughtering, evisceration, cooling, sectioning and then debone. The company uses an innovative method called LAPS, to stun and slaughter the poultry, so it can guarantee the observance of all requirements indicated by the existing legislation for animal welfare.

EQUIPMENT AND SLAUGHTERING LINES

This company is a world leader in the manufacturing of lines for the slaughtering of chickens, rabbits, and quails, as well as cockerel, plants, and equipment for turkeys, gooses, ducks, guinea fowls, and partridges and pigeons. It designs, realizes and installs machines, plants and supervision software for slaughtering lines and for training services, technical assistance, after-sale assistance and all the spare parts.

SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PROCESSING

A well-established company, a leader in Italy and Europe in the slaughtering sector and in the processing of red meat as cattle, horses, porks, sheep, goats and white meats as chickens, turkeys, and ducks. The company designs, builds and installs turnkey slaughtering plants, it is specialized in poultry plants, it has an EU sanitary certification and produces plants in full compliance with CEE and USDA sanitary regulations. It produces with renown, formalized, codified and controlled cycles which allow, first of all, the availability of the products as well as the management of potential non-conforming products. Slaughtering plants for cattle with a production of up to 80 units/hour, porks up 500 units/hour, sheep up to 600 units/hour, white meats up to 10.000 units/hour.

GREENHOUSES AND SYSTEMS FOR THE PROTECTED CROPS FOR PLANTS AND VEGETABLES

agribusiness serre e sistemi colture protette

A company operating in the agribusiness entitled to design and installation of greenhouses and systems for the protected crops operating with the ISO 9001 quality system. It has been working for more than 20 years in the high-tech plant design and installation sector, in the continuous improvement of the products, technologies, processes, services and flows in global terms. It can realize turnkey projects, from the foundations to the roof, integrated systems for the protected crops, greenhouses, aluminum pallets, computer fertigation systems, high-tech plants, controlling all the activities: both the plant design and installation part and the complementary part as civil works of substructure, greenhouses, greenhouses for experimentation and educational activities, working areas, internal transport systems, vision optical system of wiring, pallets, heating systems, fertigation, ebb and flow, water systems, thermal protection, fog, special plants, monitoring systems and computers for greenhouses, electrical system.

The company studies and realizes personalized projects according to the specific needs of every client, and carries out all the necessary civil works: soil bearing capacity, greenhouse capacity, excavation works, earthquake zones, collection or disposal, drainage, drains and conveyance of rainwater, shafts for ducts, cement corridors, foundation plinths and pallets, ebb and flow on the concrete. The company is also specialized in facilities:

• Glasshouses designed and realized to contain the most advanced technological installations.
• Installation of steel, aluminum and glass greenhouses from the smallest dimensions to the biggest sizes.
• Creation of experimental greenhouses.
• Glasshouses or arch greenhouses with a plastic cover, with the installation of specific plants able to create the ideal microclimate for every kind of horticultural and flower experimentations.

The control and computerized monitoring of every system allow to store and compare in time the process values that can influence the crop growth.

CONTACT US

contact IBS by mail

Credit Risk, Trade Export Finance

credito trade export finance

CONSULTANCY & SPECIALIST TRAINING “ADVANCED TECHNIQUES OF FOREIGN TRADE”, TRADE & EXPORT FINANCE, CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT

FOR THE CONSULTANCY:

For financial partners research, research and negotiation banking instruments for export / trade finance (documentary credits, stand by, international bank guarantees, forfeiting, etc.), export credit management CLICK HERE

FOR THE COURSES: PRE-ENROLMENT / EXPRESSION OF INTEREST:

Through the following contact format indicate:
- The course/s of interest through the identification number from 1 to 14.
- The city/ies closest to your residence or where you are willing to go to participate in the course of interest to you.
- Specify if are also willing to the provision of the course through distance education (digital platform).
- Your complete references to allow us to contact You.
- Further requests.

COURSES ORGANIZATION:

Through the expressions of interest to courses, according to the number of accessions room will be organized, both at distance and in locations closest to the residence of participants, using also dates of courses already planned in collaboration with other training organizations on which the teacher works. The cost of participation depends on the above-mentioned parameters and will be communicated following the pre-enrolment. The didactic administrative office of IBS thanks for your collaboration.

CONTACT US FOR THE COURSES, OR FOR A CONSULTANCY:

contact IBS by mail

CONTENTS OF THE PAGE:

- SECTION A: list training courses Foreign Trade, Credit Risk Management
- SECTION B: detail information on each and every course
- SECTION C: consultancy paths and advanced consultancy
- SECTION D: extra information on methodology, competencies, and certifications
- SECTION E: information on spokesman and consultant
- SECTION F: publications and tools on trade, export finance, credit management (available on request)

credito corsi trade export finance

SECTION A: Specialized training offer “Techniques of Foreign Trade”, Trade & Export Finance and Credit Risk Management

LIST OF EDUCATIONAL COURSES ON OFFER AND PROPOSED FORMS: (details for each course below)

• Form n. 1 – Incoterms® 2010 the application profiles of the commercial terms in international sales, problems, operational implications, to optimise the use and reduce risks.

• Form n. 2 – International payments : payments that can be activated in foreign commercial transactions and related peculiarities, criticality.

• Form n. 3 – The documentary collections and instructions for use : transfer of operational competences on the Documentary Collections, characteristics, problems, regulations, functioning.

• Form n. 4 – International payments & credit risk management : weighted management of the insolvency risk in the context of the international sale, in the short, medium and long term, instruments among which financial instruments.

• Form n. 5 – Documentary credits : characteristics and peculiar aspects, legislation UCP 600 ICC and 745 ICC uniform international banking practice.

• Form n. 6 – New codification of the uniform international banking practice & operational management of the letter of credit : news after the Pub.n no. 745 ICC. Hyper-specialized learning process on documentary credits, operational management, news on the uniform international banking practice, impact on document production to accompany a credit.

• Form n. 7 – Workshop – Operational management of credit letter depending of the new codification of the uniform international banking practice : hyper-specialized learning process, management of two letters of credit, from the contractual agreement to proceeds, analysis of the credit and production of documents starting from the invoice and packing list.

• Form n. 8 – Documentary credits and transport documents : in the preparation of transport documents, analysis of the discordance while examining the documents accompanying a letter of credit. Specialistic learning process to understand problems and to produce conforming documents.

• Form n. 9 – Notice of refusal in the documentary credits and in the context of international bank guarantees : understand how to structure properly a notice of refusal during a non-complying presentation, in the case of documentary credits and international bank guarantees. How to behave with banks and beneficiaries after the document examination. Exercises and practical cases of real commercial transactions.

• Form n. 10 – The LC Import and the responsibility given to the bank for the letter of credit issue : in the issue of a documentary credit, how to give the bank the responsibility in the issue of the LCs, optimize the process, allowing the national importer to reduce risks in the purchase from abroad. Dynamics and problems in the designation and application for documents and transport insurance.

• Form n. 11 – International bank guarantees characteristics of the “guarantees” in use in the context of international trade, detail, criticality. Analysis of bank guarantees issued on behalf of the seller and buyer. Real cases, exercise on examination of payment guarantee.

• Form n. 12 – BPO – Bank Payment Obligation : new instrument of regulation for the firms that work abroad. Functioning and operational positioning of the BPO, examination of the principal articles of the URBPO ICC.

• Form n. 13 – Export Finance: Financial instruments for the global market : weigh up the financial and insurance instruments in service of the operators to finance and monetize your export credit. Processes and functioning of the forfeiting, insurance instruments Sace Spa and intervention of Simest Spa.

• Form n. 14 – Insurance of the export credit : weighted analysis of the insurance solutions to rule the credit risk in the sphere of international commercial transactions, in the short, medium and long-term, checking the referential normative framework, and the operational processes of the products Sace Spa, Sace Bt highlighting the functioning of the pertinent policies.

SECTION B: DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE TRAINING COURSES ON TRADE & EXPORT FINANCE, FOREIGN TRADE TECHNIQUES, CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT

We consider appropriate to indicate that the form can be modified, integrated and made adequate to the needs of the customer with regard to the length, content, levels of deepening.

Form n. 1: INCOTERMS® 2010 AND CONSEQUENT USER PROFILES

Addressee professions : Foreign Office agent, export managers, transport and banking operator, international trade operator.
Level of the course: intermediate
Length of the course: 4 hours
Objectives of the course: Despite the wide use of the Incoterms® 2010, there is still the need, from the international trade agents and operators, to understand better the problems and the dimension of operational consequences. Therefore, the objective of the form is to transfer adapted knowledge and technical skills to assimilate them and to optimize their use, in order to minimize the risks in the context of an international sale.
Contents:
• Definition of Incoterms® or commercial terms and operational setting of application
• Chronicle and evolution of the Incoterms® from 1936 to 2010
• The Incoterms® and the process of containerization of the goods
• General principles of the Incoterms®
• Incoterms® and Documentary credits (Letters of credit – LC)
• The maritime terms and the multimodal commercial terms
• Sections and subdivisions of the official regulations
• From the EXW (Ex-works) to DDP (Delivered Duty Paid): punctual analysis of each commercial term;
• Deepening and Comments Wall Chart Incoterms® 2010
• Exam of practical cases
• Q&A – Questions and Answers Session.

Form n. 2: International payments

Formative objectives: This form sets the objective of explaining and clarifying the forms of payment that can be operationalised in a commercial transaction with a foreign country characterizing the concerning peculiarities (settlement, risk mitigation or financing).
Contents of the form:
• The Payment Conditions in the context of an International Sale Contract
• The payment in the Open Account mode
• The context of Open Account assisted by a demand guarantee or a standby letter of credit
o Differentiation between demand guarantee and SBLC (standby letter of credit)
o Study of practical cases
• Condition of advance payment assisted by an advance payment guarantee
o Exam of an advance payment guarantee
• Illustration of the Documentary Collection concept
o Documents against Payment: D/P
o Documents against Acceptance: D/A
o Documentary Collection: and the Financing Facilities
o Analysis and discussion of real cases.
• What is “the documentary credit”
o The documentary credit: definitions, characteristics and peculiarities, structure, details on the functioning, subjects, operational profile, reference standards
o The different types of documentary credits: “by payment”, “by deferred payment”, “by acceptance”, “by negotiation” and the related services of the banks
o Procedure of “Confirmation of a documentary credit”
• The Bank Payment Obligation: BPO (Bank Payment Obligation), correct definition, stakeholders, structure of the BPO and functioning
• Cheque, Bill of Exchange, Promissory Note
• Automated collections: electronic transfer of funds to the seller account
• Clarify the concepts and the tools of Settlement, Risk Mitigation or Financing
• Exercises
• Q&A Session (questions and answers).

Form n. 3: Documentary collection and instructions for use

Addressees and professional profiles to which the course is addressed: Foreign office agents, export managers, banking operators, international trade operators, enterprise consultants.
Level: for the discussed themes, the level is advanced
Length of the course: 1 day;
Didactic objectives: This form wants to place itself near the ambitious objective of managing to transfer specialized operational expertise on “Documentary Collections”, showing their characteristics and representing the most peculiar aspects.
In a distinguishing way, the problems and complexities linked to the loss collection of documents, as well as dynamics characterizing the disinvestment of the underlying credit claims, in the D/A sale (Documents against Acceptance) will be sounded out. Moreover, ample space will be dedicated to the study of regulations URC 522 ICC (Uniform Rules For Collection). To conclude, some practical cases will be examined to better gain familiarity with the operation of the instrument.
Contents of the course :
• The transport documents used in the international trade: CIM (Convenzione Internazionale per le Merci in ferrovia), AWB (Air Waybill), CMR (Convention des Marchandises par Route), MTD, Bill of Lading
• The main forms of settlement in the international trade
• The documentary collection: definitions, stakeholders, regulations, and operation working methods
• “Collection Cycle”: the stages of the documentary collection
• D/P (Documents against Payment) versus D/A (Documents against Acceptance)
• What are the differences between “Clean”, “Documentary” and “Direct” Collections?
• When it is appropriate to apply the documentary collection: the advantages and disadvantages of the instrument;
• What are the roles and the responsibilities of the banks participating in the process
• When collection is dishonored: actions, close examination of notices and procedures
• D/A (Documents against Acceptance): how to mobilize, therefore to convert in money the underlying credit claims
• How to prepare and organize the Bill of Exchange
• Rule the management of interests, banking charges, costs
• Analysis of the Documentary Collections: “Creation of Documents”, “payment in local and in foreign currency”, “protest” , “partial payments” and “case-of-need”
• How to clarify carefully and appropriately the “collection instructions” to the bank
• Analysis of practical cases
• Focus: URC 522 ICC (Uniform Rules For Collection): analysis of the main articles
• Assessment Test
• Decision-making case-study
• Q&A Session.

Form n. 4 : International payments and the efficient credit risk management

Addressees to which the course is addressed: Foreign Office agents of enterprises, export managers, and enterprise consultants.
Level: intermediate level
Length of the course: from 1 to 2 days
Didactic objectives: The objective of this form is to identify, explaining the characteristics, the instruments for a profitable and aware management of the credit risk in the context of the trade and international sales, in the short, medium and long term. Specifically, the instruments with a focus on the short term will be discussed, explaining, in particular, the financial instruments.
DIDACTIC CONTENTS:
The Export Credit Risk Management
• Defer through a deferred payment, as instrument and means to create value for the client;
• How to rule the credit risk management: by what means?
• The distinction between financial instruments and assurance instruments
• Appropriate instruments in the short term and instrument in the middle and long term.
• Monitor the critical variables: country, amount, type of goods, client, bargaining power.
The financial instruments active in the short term and those in the medium / long term
• The documentary credit: definition of documentary credit, characteristics, and peculiarities, structure of an LC, functioning, stakeholders, operation, reference standards
• The different types of documentary credits: by payment, by acceptance, by deferred payment, by negotiation and the linked performances of banks
• The confirmation stage of a documentary credit
• How to mark the role, obligations, and duties of banks
• How to take correctly advantages of a documentary credit: how to produce appropriate documents, uniform and in line with the UCP 600 ICC (Uniform Customs and Practice, Rules and Use of documentary credits, contained in the Publication number 600 of the International Chamber of Commerce of Paris) and the new uniform international banking practice
• The international bank guarantees: payment guarantee and SBLC (stand-by letter of credit)
• Short accounts on the forfeiting and on the open lines.
The insurance instruments
• Details on the normative context: both international and community and national
• The consensus: definition
• EU directive 98/29 ( of the Council, 7th may 1998, concerning the harmonization of the provisions in the field of export credit insurance, for operations guaranteed both in the medium and long term) and EU communication on the short term
• The legislative decree 143/1998 containing provisions in the field of foreign trade and the decision CIPE n. 62/2007 operations and insurable risks by SACE S.p.a.
• The supplier credit: structure, functioning, operation. What are the insurance risks
• The policies Basic Online and Plus One
• Characteristics, operative functioning of the registration (change of ownership of a property) of Policy Sace Spa
• Insurance of export credit: key principles, fields of operation, prize, entirety, compensation expected by the policy, LMA, latitude, clauses of the first risk, recovery of the claim, and expected exemptions;
• Policies BT 360° and BT Sviluppo Export
• The policy Excess of Loss
• Observations and conclusions.

Form 5: Documentary credits

Addressees : Foreign Office agents, export managers, banking profiles, international trade operators, enterprise consultants.
Level: level advanced course
Length of the course : from 1 to 3 days according to formative objectives.
Objectives: This form aims at the ambitious and challenging objective of conferring specialized operational expertise on the documentary credits (also indicated informally as letters of credit), defining accurately characteristics and remarking the most peculiar aspects and complexities. An ample space will be assigned to the analysis of the rule UCP 600 ICC and to the accurate and careful assessment of the new publication 745 ICC relating to the uniform international banking practice. Finally, various practical cases will be analyzed to understand in depth the operation and the application profiles of the instrument.
Contents of the course :
• Export Credit Risk Management: how to rule and manage the risk linked to the credit in foreign commercial transactions
• Differences in the form and substance between financial instruments and insurance instruments
• The documentary credit (also indicated as LC letter of credit): definition, characteristics and peculiarities, structure of a documentary credit, functioning, stakeholders and operation, relevant legislation
• Types of documentary credit: by payment, by deferred payment, by negotiation, by acceptance and linked bank performances
• How to delete the bank risk and country risk: the operation of “documentary credit confirmation”, “silent confirmation” and “del credere”
• How to determine the role of banks?
• What does “negotiation” mean?
• What is the meaning of “designated bank” and which performance?
• What is a Draft?
• What is the meaning of “certified”, “visaed” and “legalized”?
• In the case of “Transhipment prohibited”: can it be assumed that it is sure?
• What does “blank endorsed” mean?
• What are the consequences if you lost the documents?
• Explanation and deepening in relation to the operational management of a documentary credit / letter of credit: how to generate and present compliant documents in accordance with the legislation UCP 600 ICC and the new publication 745 ICC regarding the uniform international banking practice.
• Analysis and discussion of various real concrete cases.
• Q & A Session.

Form n. 6: The new codification concerning the uniform international banking practice and implications in the operational management of the letter of credit: news contained in the Publication n. 745 ICC

Addressees and professional profile: Foreign Office agents, export managers, banking profiles, international trade operators, enterprise consultants
Level of the course: advanced
Length of the course: from 1 to 3 days
Didactic objectives: This form wants to place itself as a learning process of a hyper-specialized nature on the theme of documentary credits and on their proper operational management. Specifically, the basic news introduced by the uniform international banking practice will be examined, estimating their influence and repercussions on the production of documents accompanying a documentary credit.
CONTENTS OF THE FORM:
• The documentary credit: definition and explanation of the instrument, through the distinctive characteristics, structure and its functioning, stakeholders, types of documentary credit, operation and relevant regulation.
• Describe and define the “uniform international banking practice”: what are you talking about in a precise manner?
• The news in the publication ISBP 745 ICC :
Considerations and preliminary remarks, general principles of the publication:
• Purpose of the publication ISBP 745 ICC
• Explanation of “Certifications” and “Declarations”
• Illustration of “Copies of transport documents”
• Clarification on documents to which the art. 19-25 UCP 600 ICC should not apply
• Clarification on definitions of: “shipping documents”, “third party documents acceptable” , “stale documents acceptable”, “exporting country”, “third party documents not acceptable”, “shipping company” and “documents acceptable as presented”
• Why the production language of documents is important
• The procedure to “sign a document”
• How to distinguish “Originals and Copies”
• What are the “Shipping Marks”
• Examine “Non-documentary conditions”
How to prepare documents in full accordance with the new ISBP 745 ICC indications:
• How to organize the “draft”
• How to prepare the invoice
• Multimodal Transport Document versus Bill of Lading
• What “On board notations” means
• Bill of Lading versus Non-negotiable Bill of Lading
• How to arrange the AWB and CMR
• How to prepare the insurance certificate
• How to proceed to the preparation of the origin certificate
• How to organize the Packing List and Weight List
• How to prepare certificates of the beneficiary
• How to complete and prepare analysis, quality and quantity certificates, certificates of inspection, sanitary and phytosanitary certificates, etc.
Analysis and study of real practical studies with accompanying documents
Q & A Session.

Form n. 7: Workshop / Laboratory: How to operationally manage the letter of credit after the new codification of the uniform international banking practice

Addressees and professional profile of participants: Foreign Office agents, export managers, banking profiles, international trade operators, enterprise consultants.
Level: advanced, hyper-specialized learning process
Length of the course: 2 days
Objectives of the workshop: The workshop is intended to be a learning process and hyper-specialized training on the operational management of a documentary credit (sometimes indicated also as “Letter of Credit”), in the light of the normative implications after the new publication concerning the international banking practice by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) of Paris. In this form is included the operational management of two (2) letters of credit, through a learning process that starts from the contractual agreement to the collection. Participants will be involved, firsthand, in the analysis of the documentary credit and in the production of documents, setting up the analysis starting with the collection and the packing list. To optimize the operation the availability of a work station is necessary, at a rate of 1 for each 3-4 participants.
Contents of the Workshop:
1st part- theory:
• Export Credit Risk Management: how to manage with efficiency the risk of credit in the context of foreign commercial transactions
• Differences between the insurance and financial instruments
• The documentary credit/letter of credit: definition, characteristics and peculiar aspects, structure and architecture of a documentary credit, functioning, stakeholders, operational profiles and relevant legislation
• The different families of documentary credits: “by payment”, “by deferred payment”, and also “by negotiation”, and then “by acceptance”, and the consequent bank performances
• How to delete the bank risk and country risk: what do the terms “confirmation of a documentary credit” “silent confirmation” and “del credere” mean?
• Checking of the bank role: how to determinate it?
• What does “negotiation” mean in the context of a documentary credit?
• What does designed bank means and to which performance is referred to it?
• Analysis and discussion on practical cases.

2nd part –Exercises and Workshop
Participants, divided into groups in advance, will be involved in the preparation of documents accompanying two (2) documentary credits, characterised by an increasing level of difficulty. At the end of the Workshop a session of debate and close examination with analysis and comparison of results will follow.

Form n. 8 : Documentary credits and how to prepare transport documents

Addressees of the course: Foreign Office agent and operator, banking profiles, carriers and shipping agents, enterprise consultants.
Level of the course: advanced, highly specialized learning process
Length of the course: 1 day
Objectives of the course: When examining and preparing documents accompanying a documentary credit (sometimes indicated as “letter of credit”), the largest number of discrepancies and inconsistencies concerns transport documents. Consequently, this form wants to be a specialized learning process of high expertise, based on the correct preparation of transport documents accompanying a documentary credit, with the aim to point out and assimilate the relevant problems, discordances in order to produce conforming documents without elements that can prejudice the success of the operation.
Contents:
• The documentary credit: a digression among founding elements of a documentary credit, or sometimes indicated as letter of credit, from the definition to characteristics and structure, functioning, stakeholders, different types of credit, the operation and relevant regulations;
• The exemplary preparation of transport documents in full compliance with UCP 600 ICC and additional indications of the ISBP 745 ICC:
oThe “Multimodal Transport Document” document
o Peculiarities of the “Bill of Lading”
o “Sea-Way Bill” Document
o The “Charter Party Bill of Lading”
o Air Transport Document
o “Road, Rail” or “Inland Waterway Transport Documents” Documents
o Then “Courier Receipt”, “Post Receipt” or “Certificate of Posting”
• For each single transport document, these aspects will be analyzed: document issue, carrier identification, signature, shipping date, goods description, corrections, shipper and endorsement, notify party, consignee, possible transshipment, correct processing of all transport document copies.
• Analysis of artt. 26 and 27 of the UCP 600 ICC: in particular “On Deck”, “Shipper’s Load and Count”, “Clean Transport Document”,“Said by Shipper to Contain” and “Charges Additional to Freight”.
• Focus on: On board notations and concerning specific exceptions: complete analysis of possible options.
• Exercises and analysis of real cases
• Q & A Session.

Form n. 9: Notice of refusal in the context of documentary credits and international banking guarantees

Addressees: Foreign office operators, banking agents and enterprise consultants.
Level of the course : advanced, high expertise learning process
Length of the course: 1 day;
Didactic objectives: This form aims to understand the procedures to structure properly a notice of refusal in the context of a “non-complying presentation”, both in the context of documentary credits and in international banking guarantees. Specifically, more appropriate behaviors to use with banks and also beneficiaries after the examination of documents will be analyzed. During the learning process different real cases referred to concrete and really happened commercial transactions will be examined. To distinguish better and understand problems and complexities of a refusal notice, in the context of documentary credits and international banking guarantees, an exercise is also considered.
Contents of this form:
• The documentary credit (or letter of credit): starting from detailed definition, will examine characteristics, structure, functioning and operational profiles, stakeholders, types of documentary credits, operation and then the legislative framework.
• The role of the bank(s) in the context of a documentary credit
• “Complying presentation” versus “non-complying presentation”: effects and behaviors
• “Complying presentation” and subsequent acts or behaviors of the bank
• “Non-complying presentation” and consequent behaviors of banks: a detailed and complete analysis of the art. 16 UCP 600 ICC
• How to plan and organize correctly a notice of refusal
• In the case of an issue or putting in the circulation of an incorrect refusal notice: clarifications on the scope of the art. 16 UCP 600 ICC towards banks and also beneficiaries
• Notice of refusal: MT799, MT734 or manual?
• MT734 codes: analysis of “HOLD”, “NOTIFY”, “RETURN”, “PREVINST” codes
• Notice of refusal on the URDG 758 ICC regulations: focus and analysis of the art. 24
• SPECIALIZED FOCUS: a complete study of following real cases:
o LC (letter of credit) Iraq through Italian confirming bank
o LC (letter of credit) Jordan through Italian confirming bank
o Fortis Bank and Stemcor UK Limited versus Indian Overseas Bank
o LG Serbia through Serbian guarantor bank.
• Analysis and study of various concrete cases and exercises
• Q & A Session.

Form n. 10: The letter of credit LC Import: how to give to the bank the responsibility of the documentary credit emission

Addressees of the course: Foreign Office agents, export managers, banking profiles, international trade operators and enterprise consultants.
Level: advanced, high expertise
Length of the course: 1 day
Didactic objectives: The objective of this form is to optimize the process by which you give to the bank the responsibility of emitting LC (letters of credit), allowing the national importer to define and ideally contain until neutralizing risks linked to purchase process from foreign countries. To sum up, dynamics relating to problems linked to the designation and request of transport and insurance documents will be subjected to accurate assessment.
Contents of the form:
• The documentary credit: definitions, peculiar characteristics, structure of the credit, functioning, stakeholders and responsibilities, concrete operation, relevant regulations
• Classification of different types of documentary credit: “by payment”, “by deferred payment”, “by negotiation”, “by acceptance” and corresponding bank performances
• How to protect yourself and safeguard your position from the potential risk of receiving non-compliant goods
• Consider “autonomy limits of a documentary credit”
• Use the credit in a foreign bank: which effects cause on the applicant?
• What if we exclude the application of the Art. 12 b UCP 600 ICC ?
• How to efficaciously manage the risk for the travel of documents
• Pay attention to the “language of documents”: we will examine the reason why
• The transport document: first of all, who should issue it? And secondly, who should sign it and how?
• The following outcome: “Transport document issued by a freight forwarder is not acceptable”: which are the effects and relative consequences on the credit?
• With regard to Incoterms®, why avoid the use of the term CIF (Cost, Insurance & Freight)
• How to divide and prepare the insurance certificate request
• Case histories: analysis of practical cases
• Exercises: during the exercise, the participant will take charge of giving to the bank the responsibility so that it takes charge of the documentary credit emission
• Q & A Session.

Form n. 11: International bank guarantees

Addressees of the course: Foreign Office agents, export managers, banking profiles, international trade operators, enterprise consultants.
Level of the course: advanced
Length of the course: 1 day
Didactic objectives: This form aims to identify and transfer the founding characteristics of “guarantees” in use in the context of international trade, in order to examine and assimilate fully the peculiarities as well as the problems which characterize international bank guarantees. During the speech, the spokesman will analyze both bank guarantees issued on behalf of the seller and on behalf of the purchaser. This form, in addition, contemplates the study of various concrete cases of bank guarantees and a dedicated section to an exercise on the theme of the payment guarantee examination.
Contents of the course:
• International bank guarantees: description of characteristics and peculiarities, functioning, and operation, stakeholders, relevant regulations and functions.
• From the surety to the autonomous bank guarantee
• The distinction between “Direct bank guarantee” and “Counter-guarantee”: what are the differences?
• Description of different types of “guarantees”:
Payment Guarantee e SBLC (Stand By Letter of Credit)
Advance Payment Guarantee
Tender Guarantee (Bid Bond)
Retention Money Guarantee (type of banking surety)
Performance Guarantee
At last the Warranty Guarantee
• Regulations URDG 758 ICC: critical analysis of principal articles, inequalities compared to ISP 98 ICC
• Regulations URDG 758 ICC / ISP98 / UCP 600: analysis of differences
• How to divide correctly the text of a “guarantee”
• Case history: analysis of various concrete cases of Stand by Letter of Credit (SBLC) and international bank guarantees.
• Exercises: during the exercise, the participant may challenge himself on the theme of how to examine a payment guarantee – “The Cyprus issue”.

Form n. 12 : BPO – Bank Payment Obligation: the new instrument of regulation for all firms that work abroad

Addressees of the course: Foreign Office agents, export managers, banking profiles and international trade operators.
Level of the course: advanced, specialized learning process
Length of the course: 1 day
Didactic objectives: Describe and clarify the operational functioning and positioning of a BPO (Bank Payment Obligation), through the exam of basic articles of the regulation URBPO ICC.
Contents of the course:
• Current scenarios and future prospects of international trade
• Positioning of the BPO (Bank Payment Obligation)
• Benefits/advantages for bank, purchaser, and seller
• Bank Payment Obligation (BPO): definition and overview, stakeholders, functioning, structure, operation, and peculiarities
• Definitions: what do “Baseline”, “Established Baseline”, “Obligor Bank”, “Recipient Bank”, “Submitting Bank”, “Payment Obligation Segment”, “Zero Mismatches” and “Transaction Matching Application” mean?
• BPO versus LC / LG : what are the differences?
• BPO (Bank Payment Obligation) and different possible methods of financing
• The Silent BPO (Bank Payment Obligation)
• What are messages “ISO 20022 TSMT” and messages “Transaction Matching Application”?
• What does “BPO Flow” mean?
• BPO (Bank Payment Obligation): Establishing a Baseline
• The BPO process of amending
• Fulfilling a BPO (Bank Payment Obligation)
• What do “Single Shipments” and “Partial Shipments” mean?
• In the case of a “Data Match / Data Mismatch on Data Set Submission”: what effects can be expected?
•“TMA pre-match facility”, “TMA data & message matching rules”, “TMA transaction states” and “TMA special requests”
• What does “Corporate to bank messaging” mean
• Actual operation and diffusion of the BPO (Bank Payment Obligation).
Focus : Deepening of principal articles of Uniform Rules for Bank Payment Obligation (URBPO), and of publication no. 750 ICC in force since 1st July 2013:
o Art. 3 : Bank undertaking is irrevocable and independent
o Art. 6 : Bank Payment Obligations versus Contracts
o Art. 7 : Data versus Documents, Goods, Services or Performance
o Art. 10 : Undertaking of an Obligor Bank
o Art. 12 : Disclaimer on Effectiveness of Data
o Art. 13 : Force Majeure
o Art. 14 : Unavailability of a Transaction Matching Application
o Art. 15 : Applicable Law
o Art. 16 : Assignment of Proceeds
• Assessment test and valuation
• Q & A Session
• Conclusions and observations

Form n. 13: Export Finance: financial-insurance instruments for the global markets

Addressees of the course: Foreign office agents, export managers, international trade operators, enterprise and management consultants.
Level of the course: intermediate
Length of the course: 1/2 days
Didactic objectives: This seminar sets the objective of considering and analysing in detail both financial and insurance instruments available for operators to finance and convert in cash their export credit. Both operations of forfeiting and insurance instruments proposed and available through Sace Spa using the relevant intervention and assistance of the Simest Spa will be examined carefully.
Contents of the course:
• How it is possible to finance international sales: with which instruments and how?
• The Forfeiting: what is it, the operation of the instrument, which cost and advantages
• The regulatory framework: both international and community and national
• What is “The consensus”
• Analysis of the “EU directive 98/29 of the Council on 7th May 1998” and EU communication on the Short Term
• Legislative decree 143 of 31st March 1998 and CIPE decision n. 62 of 20th July 2007
• What is the “buyer’s credit”: structure and functioning
• Open lines: description and operation
• What do “confirmation policy of documentary credit” and “ CreDoc online” mean
• The supplier credit: description, architecture and operational functioning. The insured risks.l
• What do “policies Plus One” and “Basic Online” mean
• What is the “transfer of Sace Spa policy”: characteristics, peculiarities and operational functioning
• Financial guarantees of Sace Spa: description and operational profiles
• Exercises and practical case: analysis of a plant sale in Ethiopia
• Conclusions and discussion.

Form n. 14: Insurance of the export credit

Addresses of the course: Foreign office operators, export managers, international trade operators, enterprise consultants.
Level of the course: intermediate
Length of the course: 1 day
Didactic objectives: The objective of this seminar is to consider and probe insurance solutions for operators to manage with efficacy the credit risk in the context of international commercial transactions, in the short and medium-long term. Specifically, the legislative framework and operation in the concrete of Sace Spa and Sace Bt products will be explored for an overview, highlighting the functioning of relevant policies.
Contents of the course:
• How to manage properly the credit risk: founding differences between financial instruments and insurance instruments
• The most significant advantages of the insurance solution
• Exam of the regulatory framework: in international, community and national contexts
• What does “consensus” mean
• EU directive 98/29 of the Council on 7th May 1998 and Eu communication on the Short Term
• Legislative decree 143/1998 of 31st March 1998 and the CIPE decision n. 62/2007 of 20th July ;
• The supplier credit: operational structure, functioning and insured risks
• Description and functioning of Plus One and Basic Online policies
• What does the transfer of Sace Spa Policy consist in: peculiarity, characteristics, architecture and operational functioning
• Insurance of export credits: foundation principles, contexts of application and operation of instruments, entirety, premiums, previewed compensation, LMA, what is intended for “the latitude”, recovery of the credit, exam of first risk clauses, checking of excess franchises.
• The BT Sviluppo Export policy and BT 360° policy
• The Excess of Loss policy.

credito consulenza trade export finance

SECTION C: DETAILS ON CONSULTANCY PATHS AND ADVANCED CONSULTANCY ON TRADE EXPORT FINANCE AND CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE INTERNATIONAL TRADE

The consultancy concerns operational contexts:

INCOTERMS® 2010: choose the most aligned commercial term to needs, how much it impacts on payments methods, on documentary credits, which obligations and which responsibilities of parties, etc.

DOCUMENTARY COLLECTIONS: instrument definition for contractual matters: (D/P) Documents against Payment versus (D/A) Documents against Acceptance; exam of obligations and bank role in full respect of URC Publ. 522 ICC regulations; which actions, exam of notices and procedures to use in case the payment wouldn’t be made; (D/A) Documents against Acceptance: how to monetize the underlying credit claim; how to plan the Bill of Exchange. How to manage interests, expenses as well as bank charges; how to the following peculiar aspects: “Creation of Documents”, “partial payments”, “payment in local and in foreign currency”, “case-of-need” and “protest” and how to correctly specify “collection instructions” to the bank.

DOCUMENTARY CREDITS: LC (letter of credit) definition in contractual terms, LC text analysis, possible proposal to amend, research of confirming bank, valuation of bank obligations and responsibilities, determine the compliance of documents as regards to regulations UCP 600 ICC and to the Uniform International Banking Practice relevant regulation, notice of bank refusal exam, manage possible controversy with the bank in the area of discordances, various communications, etc.

INTERNATIONAL BANK GUARANTEES AND SBLC (STANDBY LETTER OF CREDIT): LG / Standby Letter of Credit definition in the context of the contract, checking of the LG / Standby Letter of Credit text, propose possible changes / integrations / or clauses, confirming bank scouting (or guarantor bank), which obligations and responsibilities of the bank, check of document compliance in full respect of regulations UCP 600 / ISP98 / URDG 758 ICC, right management of examination, administration of a possible controversy with the bank as regards to discordances, various communications, etc.

BPO – BANK PAYMENT OBLIGATION : complete assistance in managing of the instrument: definition of the contract with the client, research of the Obligor Bank / Recipient Bank, scouting bank for the issue of the “silent confirmation” (also called “silent obligation”), checking of contracts, identification of a Baseline, possible changes of the BPO, assistance in the case of Data Mismatch, support according to regulations URBPO ICC Publication n. 750.

INSURANCE OF THE CREDIT: isolate the most appropriate and convenient insurance solution for the need of parts involved, analysis of relevant contracts, etc.

EXPORT FINANCING: identify and manage the most appropriate instrument to finance exports of investment goods: forfeiting, open lines, Sace Spa policies and consequent transfer.

FORFEITING: scouting forfeiter to take advantage of a pro-sale discount of LC / promissory notes, to most convenient market conditions, the study of contracts, administration of the complete operation.

SACE SPA INSURANCE PRODUCTS: identify the most appropriate insurance product with regard to needs of parts.
ACHIEVING THE “ZERO DISCREPANCY” OBJECTIVE:
Assist the client in the operational management of LCs (letters of credit), through an innovative service of assistance and technical consultancy. The service includes:
• possible involvement in the trade agreement between parts to characterize, upstream, connotations and attributes of the LC
• LC analysis and possible changes
• possible research of confirming bank
• production of documents relevant to the beneficiary on presentation of invoice, moreover packing list and other useful information for the production of documents
• manage relations with third party institutions (carrier, inspection company, etc.) to produce relevance documents
• prepare a draft of documents to generate by third party institutions such as CCIAA (Chamber of Commerce, Industry, Crafts, and Agriculture)
• exam of documents that have been produced by third party institutions (for ex. Eur1, ATR, Certificates of Inspection, Certificates of Insurance, etc.) where it isn’t possible to produce above-mentioned drafts
• possible presentations of documents at the bank in the name of the beneficiary
• possibly managing the controversy with the Bank as regards to discrepancies, regulations, etc.
WHICH ADVANTAGES:
- get to reset c.d. discrepancy fees
- minimize bank charges
- guarantee sure payments and “on time”
- reduce the DSO (Days Sales Outstanding)
- optimize the business treasury
- optimize the business relationship with the client
- optimally manage human resources in the company, assign them to other functions.
FUNCTIONING AND OPERATION:
- after defining the credit, it is validated by a consultant
- the beneficiary takes charge of sending goods
- the beneficiary can send to the consultant the invoice, packing list and further possible information for the production of documents
- the consultant in this way can prepare:
• pdf files (which includes a possible “draft”, extra copy of documents, fax communications to send to third parties, etc.) with all documents relevant the beneficiary included, previewed copies by the credit
• a possible model of the Certificate of Origin (print on CCIAA form)
• draft of documents by third parties (transport documents, various declarations, etc.)
• mandate by which taking documents to the bank.
- The beneficiary will receive a communication with attached instructions to use correctly the credit via email / Pec with mandate – the whole to report on your own letterhead– pdf files of relevant documents, the whole to print and sign subsequently. The beneficiary will receive documents in the original format by third party institutions and he will deliver documents in the bank.

SECTION D: COMPETENCES AND EXTRA INFORMATION

MISSION

Creating value for importers, exporters through high value-added supply of specialised services in the context of international trade, in order to improve performances on international markets.

DISTINGUISHING COMPETENCES OF SPOKESMAN

- Over 15 years of relations with institutions, banks, and industrial associations, national chamber-based systems, companies.
- ICC Certificates of Achievement on: Incoterms® 2010, Mentor 600, URC 522 ICC and Collections, URDG Master, ISBP Online, URBPO ICC, Introduction to Trade Finance, Going Global, DC Master, ISP Master.
- Formative and consultancy planning with Chambers of Commerce and ICE-Agenzia.
- Formative services of consultancy and assistance with high specialization in Trade and Export Finance.
- Administration of dynamics concerning the right management of credit risk in the context of international commercial transactions.
- Credit risk management, valuation, check, credit risk resolution through insurance as well as financial operations, in the short term through the Trade Finance and in the medium-long term through the activity of Export Finance.

- Specialistic expertise on different financial instruments in the short term: documentary credits, SBLC (Standby Letter of Credit), international bank guarantees and also bank payment obligation.

- Specialistic expertise in various thematic segments linked to Consultancy and Foreign Trade Training and:
• Internationalisation of Businesses
• Incoterms® 2010
• Export Management
• Documentary Credits, SBLC (Standby Letter of Credit)
• Documentary Collections
• International Bank Guarantees
• BPO – Bank Payment Obligation
• Insurance of the credit
• Export Financing
• Sacebt and Sace Spa Insurance Products
• Forfeiting

CERTIFICATES
ICC Certificates of Achievement:
• Incoterms ® 2010
• Introduction to Trade Finance (EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Certificate)
• URC 522 and Collections (ICC Uniform Rules for Collections)
• URDG Master (URDG 758 ICC)
• URBPO (Uniform Rules for Bank Payment Obligations)
• ISBP Online (ISBP 745 ICC), The new Uniform International Banking Practice
• Mentor 600 (UCP 600 & Documentary Credits)
• DC Master (Advanced Online Training & Instruction in Documentary Credits)
• Going Global – ICC training on trading internationally (EN)
• ISP Master (Advanced Online Training & Instruction on ISP98 ICC)
• “TFP Professional Award for top class winning answer under EBRD TFP Trade Clinic” magazine Trade Exchange – The Ebrd’s Trade Facilitation Programme, Technical Trade Finance Forum, by ICC Georgia 2015.

THE SPECIALISTIC TRAINING
Formative partner and training activities, on themes linked to the internationalisation of businesses, planning to coordinate structured and customized training courses according to the customer. Addressees: commercial operators and export office agents, banking profiles, export managers, enterprise consultants or young students.

DIDACTIC METHODOLOGY
Taught lessons, slide projection, use of the flip chart, constant interaction with participants. Didactic activities attended by methodologies intended to allow the participant to feel protagonist of didactic learning process. Business concrete real cases, role playing, use of the business game, didactic methods and analysis of concrete cases, reconstruction of business problems, elaborating reference schemes that push to action and specific situations offered by didactics to test out acquired competences.

DIDACTIC MATERIALS
Exercises and practical cases, descriptive material, slides, and articles, in electronic format.

credito trade export finance specialist

SECTION E: Consultant profile, spokesman Dr. Domenico Del Sorbo

Dr. Domenico Del Sorbo, graduates in Economy of the International Trade and Currency Markets, MBA degree in International Business – MIB – School of Management – Trieste MBA Accredited AMBA and ASFOR. Deep connoisseur of business internationalization processes and of credit risk management in the context of international commercial transactions. Particularly expert of Trade ed Export Finance instruments. He obtained the following certificates: ICC Certificates of Achievement on Mentor 600 (UCP 600 and Documentary Credits), URDG Master (Online Training & Instruction in URDG 758 ICC), Incoterms ® 2010, URC 522 and Collections, URBPO (Uniform Rules for Bank Payment Obligations), ISBP On line (ISBP 745 ICC), DC Master (Advanced Online Training and Instruction in Documentary Credits), Introduction to Trade Finance (Online Training in Trade Finance), Going Global – ICC training on trading internationally EN (EBRD Certificate), ISP Master (Online Training Programme in Standby Credits and ISP98). Consultant and trainer at Chamber of Commerce in Italy, institutions, industrial associations, ICE-Agenzia. He has active collaboration with: Business School of Il Sole 24 Ore, Aldini Valeriani Foundation. He writes for newsletters of the Italian chamber-based system and for Mercato Globale. He is engaged in assistance activities and specialistic consultancy in the context of documentary credits, banking guarantees for different SMEs (small and medium enterprises). He is a consultant on behalf of Sistema Camerale Servizi S.r.l. (formerly Mondimpresa), Unioncamere Lombardia, Unioncamere Puglia, Unioncamere Campania, CCIAA of Chieti, CCIAA of Ferrara, CCIAA of Pescara, CCIAA of Forlì-Cesena.

PUBLISHING PROJECTS
Services for preparing articles on “techniques of foreign trade” themes and scientific coordination in the context of publications relating to international trade techniques.

SECTION F: Publications and Tools (available to users that will request them upon enrolment to the website)

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS:
• Global Trade Finance Program IFC
• Crediti Documentari : preparazione della Charter Party Bill of Lading
• La banca designata nell’ambito di un credito non confermato
• La banca designata nel frangente di un credito confermato
• LC Lettere di credito: dopo il cambio della normativa
• La banca emittente : in una LC credito documentario
• Il finanziamento della attività di esportazione attraverso le operazioni di credito documentario
• BPO – Bank Payment Obligation : il nuovo strumento per regolare gli scambi degli operatori del commercio internazionale
• BPO – Bank Payment Obligation : funzionamento ed operatività
• BPO – Bank Payment Obligation: la normativa di riferimento
• LC – Crediti Documentari: “ on the basis of the documents alone “
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come allestire i ‘beneficiary’s certificate’
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come disporre la draft
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come predisporre il weight list
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come organizzare il packing list
• LC – Crediti Documentari: il ruolo banca avvisante
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come predisporre la Bill of Lading
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come disporre il documento di trasporto multimodale
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come allestire il Certificato di Origine
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come predisporre il documento di trasporto aereo
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come allestire la Sea WayBill
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come disporre il documento di trasporto su strada
• LC – Crediti Documentari: come preparare correttamente la fattura

AVAILABLE GUIDES:
• Guide: Export Credit Risk Management

AVAILABLE TOOLS ON REQUEST: Please send request through the section Contacts on the website.
• FIATA – FWB NN MULTIMODAL WAYBILL
• FIATA – Shippers Intermodal Weight Certification “ SIC “
• NEGOTIABLE FIATA MULTIMODAL TRANSPORT BL
• SWIFT Transportation Fields
• Clauses in Bills of Lading Allowing for Release of Goods without Requiring Presentation of the Original sheet
• Signing a Transport Document, under UCP 600 ICC
• Lost in transit documents, under UCP 600 ICC
• Form concerning the Certificate of Origin
• CMR form
• On board notation summary
• Swift Trade Messaging Trends 2015
• CMI Uniforms Rules for Sea Waybills
• Opinion Handling Procedures & TORs
• Financial Instruments Features
• Straight versus To Order Transport Document
• Movements
• Rotterdam Rules & Hamburg Rules
• Incoterms® 2010 and LC Documentary Credits
• LC – Documentary Credits: the role of the Bank
• LC – Documentary Credits: On Board Notation
• Settlement, Risk Mitigation or Financing?
• Financial sheet of Iran 2016
• Financial sheet of Saudi Arabia 2016
• ICC Notes, on the principle of strict compliance
• Recommendation 12 Measures to Facilitate Maritime Transport Documents Procedures
• Uniform Commercial Code
• UCP 700 ICC Wish List
• Map of the Credit Insurance
• Slides Bank guarantees in international trade
• United Nations Convention on independent guarantees and SBLC (Standby letters of credits)
• Slides – ISBP 745 ICC
• Slides – Incoterms® 2010
• Slides – Documentary Collection
• Slides – LC – Documentary credits
• Slides – Export Finance
• Slides BPO (Bank Payment Obligation)
• The Hague-Visby Rules
• Institute Cargo Clauses
• Warsaw Convention of 1929
• Montreal Convention of 1999
• FIATA, FCR Forwarders Certificate of Receipt
• Fiata – Negotiable Multimodal Transport Bill of Lading
• FIATA FFI, Fiata Forwarding Instructions
• FIATA FCT, Forwarder Certificate of Transport
• FIATA, FWR Fiata Warehouse receipt
• Marine Insurance, Act 1906
• Bills of Exchange, Act 1882
• ICC United Rules for Multimodal Transport Document
• ICC ISP98
• CMR Convention
• CIM Convention
• Vienna Convention of 1980
• New York Convention of 1958
• Geneva Convention of 1930
• ICC – When a non-bank issues a letter of credit
• ICC – The determination of an Original document in the context of UCP
• ICC – On-board Notation Paper
• ICC – Transferable credits and the UCP 500
• ICC – Guidance Paper – Use Of Sanctions Clauses
• Form concerning the Certificate of Origin
• Rethinking Trade and Finance 2015
• Bill of Exchange
• Letter of Credit Instructions Form
• Fax Transmission Report

LINKS AND DEEPENING

- IBS foreign DESK
- IBS Blog
- Country profiles and international or geopolitical articles
- Principal Documents in International Trade
- Credit Risk definition (from the website of the Borsa Italiana)
- ICE – Agenzia
- SACE
- SIMEST
- EBRD Bank
- European Central Bank
- International Monetary Fund
- Ministry of Economic Development
- Custom Agency
- Customs Glossary
- European Union Activities in International Trade

Country Risk Map – Discover SACE tool

SACE country risk map

Country Risk Map

DISCOVER SACE INTERACTIVE MAP, USEFUL FOR ASSESSING THE RISKS TO WHICH A COUNTERPARTY IS EXPOSED WHEN EXPORTING OR ESTABLISHING ITS FOREIGN PRESENCE

country risk map SACE click

MAPPED AREAS :

- Sovereign credit risk;
- Bank credit risk;
- Corporate credit risk;
- Expropriation and breach of contract;
- War and civil disturbance risk;
- Transfer and convertibility risk.

FURTHER INFORMATION :

- General information on the foreign country;
- Information on the political, economic, financial and operational contexts;
- Insurability Conditions;
- OECD category;

LINK SACE SERVICES
LINK SACE WEBSITE
LINK SACE PRESS RELEASES

Opportunity from Europe through the ICE Agency in Bruxelles

Agenzia ICE Bruxelles Opportunità dall'Europa

Opportunity from Europe through the ICE Agency in Bruxelles

We report the opportunities from Europe through the ICE Agency in Bruxelles In the Newsletter of the ICE Agency you can see:

- selection of the EU announcements;
- selection and preview of the EU contracts;
- important news from Bruxelles;
- programs for the countries with EU external assistance;
- selection and preview of the extra-EU announcements;
- focus and monthly in-depth analysis about current events for the SMEs.

DOWNLOAD OF THE NEWSLETTER THROUGH THE FOLLOWING LINK

2018

LINK 6th year Newsletter no. January 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter no. February 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter no. March 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter no. April 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter no. May 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter no. July August 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter no. September 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter no. October 2018
LINK 6th year Newsletter November 2018

2017

LINK 5th year Newsletter no. January 1st 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. February 2nd 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. March 3rd 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. April 4th 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. May 5th 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. June 6th 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. July August 7th 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. September 8th 2017
LINK 5th year Newsletter no. October 9th 2017

2016

LINK 4th year Newsletter no. January 1st 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. February 2nd 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. March 3rd 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. April 4th 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. May 5th 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. June 6th 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. July – August 7th 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. September 8th 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. October 9th 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. November 10th 2016
LINK 4th year Newsletter no. December 11th 2016

2015

LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. January 1st 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. February 2st 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. March 3rd 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. April 4th 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. May 5th 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. June 6th 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. July and August 7th 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. September 8th 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. October 9th 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. November 10th 2015
LINK 3rd year Newsletter no. December 11th 2015

In the following months you will find the next monthly newsletters

SITE ICE Agency Bruxelles

Fuels and Petroleum products

FUELS AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

Fuel Fuels Petroleum products oil

Fuels and Petroleum products – Trading Commodities

Thanks to its international contacts, IBS has direct relationships with official agents of Refineries in Russia, Middle East, South America, Libya, Iraq and Iran. For the sake of simplicity, the information below only concern Russian products.

FOB and CIF PROCEDURES

Since different buyers have different needs concerning purchasing procedures and given that Refineries procedures are often not negotiable, we indicate some examples of purchasing procedures and the main products provided by some Russian refineries. Each refinery has its own procedure. For the sake of simplicity, we mainly indicate the FOB procedures, however, each refinery also has a CIF procedure. Occasional purchases ( SPOT ) are possible.

PRICES / HOW TO ASK FOR A QUOTATION

Each Refinery has its own flagship products, which allow it to be more competitive in terms of price. We have done a selection between Refineries/ Products/ Prices. Therefore, we know that the quotations that will be provided are competitive compared to the Platts indices. To ask for an updated quotation, please send a detailed request through the contacts page below.
Thank you for your cooperation.

contact IBS by mail

** REFINERY ** 1

PRODUCTS :

AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54 JET FUEL (JP54)
Minimum Quantity : 1.000.000 BBL 5.000.000 BBL Per Month
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : $ 1 Buy side (open) Seller side $ 1 ( closed )
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Primorsk/ Novorossiysk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

JET FUEL JPA1 ( AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIALGRADE A1 )
Minimum Quantity : 500.000 BBL – 5.000.000 BBL – Per Month
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : $ 1 Buyer side (open) Seller side $ 1 ( closed )
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Primorsk
Port: RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

DIESEL GAS D2 OIL GOST 305-82
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT – 100.000 MT – Per Month
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : $ 5 Buy side (open) Seller side $ 5 (closed)
Payment Term : MT103
Port: ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

D6 FUEL OIL
Minimum Quantity : 50.000.000 – 200.000.000 Gallons
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : 0.1 cent Buy side (open) Seller side 0.1 Cent (closed)
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Vladivostok / Novorossiysk / Primorsk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

FOB ROTTERDAM TRANSACTION PROCEDURE

1) Buyer issues an official ICPO with full buyer banking details & company registration certificate.
2) Seller issues commercial invoice for first lift quantities for both party’s signatures and endorsement.
3) Buyer provides Tank Storage Lease Agreement [ TSA ]. In order to guarantee maximum success, the Buyer must choose one of these three important Tank Farms of Rotterdam:
 VOPAK https://www.vopak.com
 SBD LOGISTIEK BV sbdlogistiekbv.nl
 TECHNOPORT-BV technoport-bv.nl/
4) Seller verifies buyer’s TSA and issue the below listed Documents:
a) Freight cargo manifest
b) Commitment to Supply
c) Product Passport Dip Test Report
d) Authorization To Sell ( ATS )
e) Bill Of Lading ( B/L )
5) Within 48 hours buyer issues his tank storage receipt [ TSR ] where the product will be injected at the discharge port. Seller verifies TSR and issue NOR. ETA. ATB. DTA. The seller will request that NCNDA / IMFPA be prepared by intermediaries for seller approval.
6) On arrival at the discharge port, the vessels transfer the fuel to the Buyer’s nominated tanks.
7) After fuel injection is completed, Buyer conducts DIP TEST Inspection for Quality and Quantity of the fuel.
8) Upon Successful DIP TEST Inspection Q&Q by the Buyer, within 24-48 hours maximum Buyer make payment via MT103 Wire Transfer for the Total Value of the Product Delivered into the Buyer Tank and Simultaneously Title to the Product is Transfer to the Buyer and Seller hand over all Exportation Documentation in relation to the petroleum product.
9) Commission is paid to Intermediaries involve in the transaction.
10) Buyer issues non-operative IRDLC for the value of one-month’s deliveries. Seller issues a 2% performance bond which activates the Buyer’s bank instrument.
11) Deliveries per contracted delivery schedule begins.

** REFINERY ** 2 ** VIA ** VLADIVOSTOK

PRODUCTS:

D6 FUEL OIL
Minimum Quantity : 50.000.000 – 200.000.000 Gallons
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : 0.1 cent Buy side ( open ) Seller side 0.1 Cent ( closed )
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Vladivostok / Novorossiysk/ Primorsk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

DIESEL GAS D2 OIL GOST 305-82
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT – 100.000 MT – Per Month
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : $ 5 Buy side ( open ) Seller side $ 5 ( closed )
Payment Term : MT103
Port: ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54 JET FUEL (JP54)
Minimum Quantity : 1.000.000 BBL –5.000.000 BBL Per Month
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : $ 1 Buy side ( open ) Seller side $ 1 ( closed )
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Primorsk / Novorossiysk
Port: RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

JET FUEL JPA1 ( AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIALGRADE A1 )
Minimum Quantity : 500.000 BBL – 5.000.000BBL – Per Month
FOB Price : upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : $ 1 Buyer side ( open ) Seller side $ 1 ( closed )
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Primorsk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

FOB VLADIVOSTOK TRANSACTION PROCEDURE

1- Buyer issues ICPO with Seller working procedure on it as transaction procedure with banking details.
2- Seller issues Commercial Invoice with tank receipt number and tank number of the product in Seller tanks in port of Vladivostok, Buyer signs and returns back Commercial Invoice with Tank Storage Agreement ( TSA ) from his Tank Company to Seller.
3- Seller sends to Buyer
Commitment Letter to Supply,
Injection Report ( IR )
Authorization to Verify ( ATV )
Tank Storage Receipt ( TSR ) with barcode and GPS Coordinates for Buyer to contact the Tank Farm to verify the product with Tank Farm Company operator.
4- Within 24/48 hours upon receiving the documents from Seller, Buyer proceeds to extend sellers leased Tanks for a minimum of 4 days to enable his SGS team dip test on the product in the Seller Tanks.
5- Seller issues 2% guarantee fee to Buyer in event that Seller fails to perform alongside with the following POP document.
· A. Authorization to Sell
· B. Dip test authorization
6- Upon successful Dip Test in Seller’s Tanks, Buyer makes Payment for the product via MT103 / TT.

** REFINERY ** 3

COMPLETE LIST OF PRODUCTS:

VIRGIN LOW POUR DIESEL FUEL OIL (D6)
D2 RUSSIAN GASOIL GOST 305-82
AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54
JET FUEL A1 91/91
MAZUT M100 GOST 10585-75
MAZUT 100 GOST 10585-99
RUSSIAN DIESEL OIL EN 590 10 PPM
ULTRA-LOW SULPHUR DIESEL 50 PPM
GASOLINE 87 OCTANES RUSSIAN ORIGIN
GASOLINE 89 OCTANES RUSSIAN ORIGIN
LIQUEFIELD NATURAL GAS 5542-87
LIQUEFIELD PETROLEUM GAS (PROPANE ( C3H8 ) 50 % + BUTANE ( C4H10 ) SEPARATED ( LPG )
RUSSIA EXPORT BLEND CRUDE GOST 51 858-2002 ( R.E.B.C.O )
RUSSIA EXPORT BLENDS CRUDE GOST 9965-76
COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS ( CNG )
FUEL OIL CST180
UREA GRANULAR AND PRILLED RUSSIAN ORIGINS
BITUMEN / PETROLEUM ASPHALT

MOST SOLD PRODUCTS AND CONDITIONS:

AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54 JET FUEL (JP54)
Minimum Quantity : 1.000.000 BBL – 5.000.000 BBL Per Month
FOB Price : Gross $ – Net $ upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : Buyer side ( open ) $ 1 Seller side ( closed ) $ 1
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Primorsk/ Novorossiysk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

JET FUEL JPA1 ( AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIALGRADE A1 )
Minimum Quantity : 500.000 BBL – 5.000.000 BBL– Per Month
FOB Price : Gross $ – Net $ upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : Buyer side ( open ) $ 1 Seller side ( closed ) $ 1
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Primorsk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

DIESEL GAS D2 OIL GOST 305-82
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT – 100.000 MT – Per Month
FOB Price : Gross $ – Net $ upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : Buyer side (open) $ 5 Seller side (closed) $ 5
Payment Term : MT103
Port : ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

D6 FUEL OIL
Minimum Quantity : 50.000.000 – 200.000.000 Gallons
FOB Price : Gross $ – Net $ upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions Buyer side (open) $ 0.1 cent Seller side (closed) $ 0.1 Cent
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Vladivostok / Novorossiysk / Primorsk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

MAZUT 100 GOST – 10585 75 RUSSIAN ORIGIN
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT – 100.000 MT – Per Month
FOB Price : Gross $ – Net $ upon request
SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : Buyer side ( open ) $ 5 Seller side ( closed ) $ 5
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Vladivostok / Vanino / Primorsk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM

MAZUT 100 GOST 10585 99 RUSSIAN ORIGIN
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT – 100.000 MT – Per Month
FOB Price : Gross $ – Net $ upon request
SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : Buyer side ( open ) $ 5 Seller side ( closed ) $ 5
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Vladivostok / Vanino/ Primorsk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM – HOUSTON

RUSSIA LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS ( LNG )
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT – 500.000 MT – Per Month
FOB Price : Gross $ – Net $ upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : Buyer side (open) $ 5 Seller side (closed) $ 5
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Vladivostok / Novorossiysk / Primorsk Port : RUSSIA

DIESEL GAS OIL ULTRA LOW SULPHUR DIESEL 50 / 10 PPM / EN590
Minimum Quantity : 100.000 MT – 500.000 MT – Per Month
FOB Price : Gross: $ Net $ upon request
Quality : SGS or similar inspection
Commissions : Buyer side(open ) $ 5 – Seller side (closed) $ 5
Payment Term : MT103
Loading Port : Vladivostok / Novorossiysk
Port : RUS – ROTTERDAM

F.O.B. SALES & PURCHASE PROCEDURE (NON-RUSSIAN COMMERCIAL PORT)

1) After receiving Buyer ICPO, Seller issues signed Commercial Invoice to Buyer.
2) Buyer returns the signed Commercial Invoice to Seller with TSA including Seller name
3) Seller notarizes the signed CI and sends copy ( in PDF ) to Buyer.
4) Seller issues the following PPOP documents to the Buyer:
 Certificate of Origin of the product;
 Export license;
 Commitment to Supply;
 Statement of Availability of Product;
 Authorization to Sell and Collect Petroleum Product;
 Product Allocation Certificate;
 Product Passport;
 Receipt of product storage reservoir/tanks;
5) D.T.A. (to be endorsed by Buyer Tank Farm for confirmation of storage availability);
6) Upon Confirmation of endorsed D.T.A, Dip test is conducted immediately at buyer’s expense
7) After successful Dip test, SPA is signed, NOR is issued, and injection begins at seller expense
8) Seller Issues title change/transfer of product ownership to Buyer { Full POP }, in English and Russian language
9) Buyer pays for product via MT 103, and Shipping schedule according to SPA is issued to Buyer
10) Intermediary Parties are paid according to NCNDA / IMFPA
11) First lift is concluded, and terms of the SPA continue.

** REFINERY ** 4

SOME AVAILABLE PRODUCTS: ( the list is not complete )

JET FUEL JP54 (AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54)
VIRGIN DIESEL D6
MAZUT M100 GOST 10585-75

GENERAL CONDITIONS:

PERFORMANCE BOND ( PB ) : 2% of the first month shipment value
DESTINATION: ASWP
INCOTERMS: FOB
LOADING PORT : NOVOROSSIYSK / VLADIVOSTOK / NAKHODKA / PRIMORSK / ROTTERDAM
PAYMENT TERM’S : IRREVOCABLE LC, T/T TELEGRAPHIC TRANSFER, BGOR SBLC MT 760, MT 103
INSPECTION : SGS, CIQ or similar
COMMISSION SELLER’S SIDE- $ 5.00 PER MT / BUYER’S SIDE -$ 5.00 PER MT
SELLER SIDE $ 2 PER BBL / BUYER SIDE $ 2 PER BBL
SELLER SIDE $ 0.2 PER BBL / BUYER SIDE $ 0.2 PER GLN
INSURANCE PAID BY SELLER, COVERING 110 % OF SHIPMENT VALUE

PROCEDURE FOB DIP AND PAY ROTTERDAM PORT

1. Buyer issues ICPO and Company Profile to seller.
2. Upon approval Seller issues CI, Buyer signs and returns back to seller along with their TSA and ATV.
3. Seller verify the existence of the buyer’s storage facility and issues to Buyer
a) Commitment to Supply
b) NOR (Notice Of Readiness)
to commerce the Injection of the product.
4. Seller and Buyer leases the Buyer’s tank for 7 days, while Seller pays 3 days and Buyer pays 4 days and commerce with the Injection of the first month shipment quantity from the loading port storage.
5. Seller issues to Buyer
a) Injection Report
b) DTA
c) Product Passport
and Buyer finalize with his tank facility on agreement to inspect product by SGS agent after injection.
6. Upon Buyer successful Q&Q Dip test on the product, Buyer pays back the paid storage fees plus product payment of the total value of the product Injected into the tanks through MT103 / TT.
7. Upon Seller receives the payment from Buyer, Seller issues to Buyer Title Ownership of the product and all exportation documents of the product.
8. Buyer lifts the product and Seller pays all intermediary involved in the transaction.

** REFINERY ** 5

AVAILABLE PRODUCTS:

VIRGIN FUEL OIL D6
Quantity : Minimum 50.000.000 GALONS Spot trail, Maximum Contract 100.000.000 GALONS / every 14 days
FOB PRICE : $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
COMMISSION : $ 0.2 / $ 0.2: Rotterdam

RUSSIAN D2 GAS OIL GOST ( DIESEL ) LO.2-62 GOST 305-82 ORIGIN
Quantity : Minimum 50.000 MT, Maximum 100.000 MT
CIF Price : $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
FOB Price : $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
Commission : $ 5 / $ 5

MAZUT M100 GOST – 1058575 RUSSIAN ORIGINS
Quantity: Minimum 50.000 MT – Maximum 1.000.000 MT
CIF Price: $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
FOB Price: $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
Commission: $ 5 / $ 5

GASOLINE DTN EN 590 RUSSIAN ORIGINS
Quantity : Minimum 100.000 MT – Maximum 1.000.000 MT
CIF PRICE : $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
FOB PRICE : $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
COMMISSION : $ 5 / $ 5

JET PROPULSION, A1, COLONIAL GRADE 54 RUSSIAN ORIGIN
Quantity : Minimum 1.000.000 BBLS Spot – Contract 2.000.000 BBLS
CIF Price : $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
FOB Price : $ GROSS / $ NET upon request
Commission : $ 1 / $ 1: Rotterdam

GENERAL CONDITIONS:

ORIGIN : Russian Federation
DELIVERY : FOB / CIF ASWP with Rollover & Extension
INSPECTION : SGS test report will be conducted at the loading port by SGS
PAYMENT INSTRUMENT : DLC / SBLC / IRDLC / BG / T/T, MT103, at Sight
LOADING PORT : Rotterdam / Vladivostok / Novorossiysk Port
PERFORMANCE BOND ( PB ) : 2% PB to be issued by Seller’s Bank in favour of the Buyer
SHIPMENT METHOD : Via vessel or pipeline to Buyer’s tank Rotterdam port
COMMISSION : US $ 10 per MT / US $ 2 per BLS / US $ 0.04 per GAL

NON NEGOTIABLE FOB WORKING PROCEDURE

1. Buyer sends ICPO to Seller on receipt of Seller’s Soft Offer.
2. Seller issue ( CI ) Commercial Invoice to buyer.
3. Buyer sign and return along with tank storage agreement ( TSA ) ( ATV ) authorization to verify as proof of storage tank availability from buyer tank farm.
4. NCNDA / IMFPA must be signed by all buyer groups with commission structures.
5. Seller issues the Buyer 5 DAYS) Unconditional Dip Test Authorization ( DTA ), tank storage receipt ( TSR ), FRESH SGS REPORT, ATSC, to enable Buyer ( “ And / Or Their Nominees / Assign’s ” ) to Dip Test the product in seller tank.
6. Buyer order SGS to conduct the Dip test of the product in the Seller Tank on buyer expense.
7. Upon successful dip test, buyer provide tank storage receipt ( TSR ) & ( ATI ) SELLER commerce injection on buyer storage tank along and issue full Proof of Product ( POP ) to Buyer.
8. Buyer makes the full payment to seller nominated foreign Bank Account, for the total quantity Via MT103 / Wire Funds Transfer, as per the Commercial Invoice.
9. Seller confirms payment and submits to Buyer ( “ And / Or Their Nominees / Assign’s ” ), Title of Ownership and the Buyer ( “ And / Or Their Nominees / Assign’s ” ) assumes Title and Owns the Fuel.
10. Seller pays commission to all intermediaries involved in the transaction 24 hours after.

CIF WORKING PROCEDURE

1. Buyer issues ICPO with letter of acceptance to seller upon receipt of soft corporate offer.
2. Seller issues Sales and Purchase Agreement open for amendment for buyer review.
3. Buyer review draft agreement and returns to seller sign in word format to seller.
4. Upon acceptance Seller acknowledged and submit the contract to the Ministry for legalization on seller expense after 72 hours.
5. Upon acceptance seller issues to the buyer FRESH SGS REPORT BASED ON INTERNATIONAL ANALYTICAL REPORT, legalized contract from the Ministry including listed Part of Proof of Product approved by the appropriate ministry all the documents will send through courier on seller expense upon Notarization of the partial PPOP
A. STATEMENT OF AVAILABILITY OF PRODUCT
B. TANK RECEIPT OF THE PRODUCT STORAGE
C. CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN
D. CHARTER PARTY AGREEMENT.
E. REGISTERED HARD COPIES CONTRACT ISSUED BY THE MINISTRY OF JUSTICE.
F. CERTIFICATE OF CONFORMITY
G. COMPANY CERTIFICATE OF TAX INCORPORATION
H. FRESH SGS REPORT BASED ON INTERNATIONAL ANALYTICAL REPORT
I. EXPORT LICENCE & ATS
6. Buyers bank open communication with seller bank and agree to issue Irrevocable non transferable, non assignable, non divisible, Revolving Documentary letter of credit covering first shipment value. ( Buyer’s Bank Option).
7. Seller issues all Proof of Product including the SGS based on international analytical report / BILL OF LADING to buyers Bank in accordance to instrument presented by buyer’s bank, Seller’s Bank replied with 2% PB to activate the letter of credit issued by the Buyers Bank.
8. Seller clears vessels from the commercial terminal ( Russian Shore ) Buyer confirm shipping documents with vessels captain while Seller effect delivery to buyer destination according to contract schedule and arrange payment to all intermediaries involved from both party representatives after confirmation on of quality and quantity ( Q&Q ) or CIQ report.

** REFINERY ** 6

LIST OF PRODUCTS:

JET FUEL ( JP54 and JET A1 )
Minimum Quantity : 500.000 BBL x 12
Maximum Quantity : 2.000.000 BBL x 12
CIF Price per Barrel : United States dollars (upon request)

DIESEL GASOIL L-02-62 GOST 305-82
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 500.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United State dollars (upon request)

MAZUT ( M100 ) GOST 10585-75 and 10585-99
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars (upon request)

RUSSIAN EXPORT BLENDS CRUDE OIL ( REBCO )
Minimum Quantity : 500.000 BBL x 12
Maximum Quantity : 2.000.000 BBL x 12
CIF Price per Barrel : United States dollars ( upon request )

AUTOMOTIVE GASOIL ( AGO )
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 200.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

GASOLINE 87 89 93 OCTANES
Minimum Quantity: 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity: 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

BASE OIL SN.150
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

BASE OIL SN.500
Minimum Quantity: 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity: 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

LIQUEFIED PERTROLEUM GAS
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

LIQUEFIED NETURAL GAS
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

BITUMEN 60 / 70
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

BITUMEN 80 / 90
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

PETROLEUM COKE
Minimum Quantity : 50.000 MT x 12
Maximum Quantity : 350.000 MT x 12
CIF Price per Metric ton : United States dollars ( upon request )

COST INSURANCE FREIGHT ( CIF ) PROCEDURES

1. Buyer confirms Soft Offer and issues an official Irrevocable Corporate Purchase Order ( ICPO )
2. Seller issues Full Corporate offer ( FCO ) Buyer signs and return ( FCO )
3. Seller’s issues sales and Purchase Agreement SPA or Draft Contract open for amendment with payment instruction for buyer and his team invitation fee for ( TTM ). Invitation fee covers both ( Hotel reservation, Feeding and Security ) While in Russian Federation during the TTM.
4. Buyer countersigns and seals the Sale and Purchase Agreement ( SPA or Draft Contract ) and send to Seller via email. With payment confirmation for invitation fee.
5. Buyer visit Refinery, for a table meeting ( TTM ) with the board of directors.
6. Seller ( Refinery ) issues original contract for signatory, both parties exchange hard copy of contract and lodges contract in their respective Banks.
7. Seller sign the CPA with a shipping company and issues the Full POP documents and 2% PB to buyer’s Banks.
8. Shipment commences as per contract schedule.
9. Within 3 working days of vessel arrival, buyer release full payment via MT103 after CIQ / SGS at the destination port.
10. Seller pays all intermediaries on Seller’s side accordingly within 72 hours.

** REFINERY ** 7 ** TTO ** PROCEDURE

SOFT CORPORATE OFFER TTO PROCEDURE

AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54 JET FUEL
ORIGIN : Russia
LIFTABLE QUANTITY : 1,000.000 BBL 2.000.000 BBL MONTHLY
PRICE : GROSS US $ / BBL – NET US $ / BBL ( Ask quotation )
COMMISSION : US $ 2 / BBL , Buyer side $ 1, Seller side $ 1 TTO ASWP
INSPECTIONS : SGS or Equivalent

VIRGIN FUEL OIL D6 ( 0.380 Sulphur Max )
ORIGIN : Russia
LIFTABLE QUANTITY : 50,000.000 GL – 200.000.000 GL WEEKLY
PRICE : GROSS US $ / GL – NET US $ / GL ( Ask quotation )
TTO ASWP
COMMISSION : $ .0.02 SELLER SIDE , $ 0.02 BUYER SIDE
INSPECTIONS : SGS or Equivalent

Diesel Gas Oil Gost 305 82
ORIGIN : Russia
LIFTABLE QUANTITY : 50.000 MT – 200.000 MT MONTHLY
PRICE : GROSS US $ / MT – NET US $ / MT ( Ask quotation )
TTO ASWP
COMMISSION: $ 5 SELLER SIDE, $ 5 BUYER SIDE
INSPECTIONS : SGS or Equivalent

MAZUT 100 GOST 1058575
ORIGIN : Russia
LIFTABLE QUANTITY : 50.000 MT – 200.000 MT MONTHLY
PRICE : GROSS US $ / MT – NET US $ / MT ( Ask quotation )
TTO ASWP
COMMISSION : $ 5 SELLER SIDE , $ 5 BUYER SIDE
INSPECTIONS : SGS or Equivalent

TRANSACTION DELIVERY TERM FOR TTO ASWP

1. Buyer issues Irrevocable Corporate Purchase Order ICPO with seller procedures .
2. Seller issues the Tanker Take – Over Contract for review and endorsement by the buyer .
3. Seller issues to buyer the partial Proof of Product and Shipping documents as listed below ;
4. (a.) Certificate of Origin
(b.) Refinery Commitment Letter to Supply
(c.) Refinery License to Export
(d.) Product Passport ( Analysis Result )
(e.) Tank Storage Receipt ( TSR )
(f.) Bill of Lading
(g.) Vessel’s Q88
(h.) Invoice for 10% Guarantee Deposit
5. Upon receipt and confirmation of the above documents by Buyer, Buyer makes payment of 10 % guarantee Deposit of the total cargo by TT / MT 103 to the Refinery Nominated Escrow Account .
6. Upon receipt and confirmation of the above payment, Seller issues the ACT of TRANSFER in Buyers Name, Title of Ownership Certificate to be followed by all Export Documentation will be sent to the buyer alongside the S.G.S Report at the loading Port .
7. Upon arrival of the vessel at Discharge Port, the vessel captain will hand over all the original POP documents to the Buyer’s representative while Buyer pays for the total contract after SGS, CIQ or equivalent inspection at the discharge port via T/T Wire transfer and the amount payable for Allocation Guarantee Deposit will be deducted while offloading will commence immediately .
8. Seller pays Commission to all involved mandates and intermediaries by T/T Wire Transfer as mutually agreed. If the above procedure is accepted buyer is expected to include the refinery transaction procedure in his ICPO for us to proceed further .

** REFINERY ** 8 ** ESCROW ** ACCOUNT ** FOB ** PROCEDURE

Please ask the product of Interest. Below the procedure.

ESCROW ACCOUNT FOB PROCEDURE :

1. Buyer issue irrevocable corporate purchase order ( ICPO ) to the seller .
2. Seller issue pro-forma invoice with Sales purchase agreement ( SPA ). Buyers sign / seal the sellers SPA and send copy of the contract to seller in PDF format as final .
3. Subsequent to sign and seal of SPA . The Seller and buyer Deposit 5% with Escrow as performance guarantee .
4. Subsequently seller conducts fresh SGS and transmits to buyers immediately . Subsequent to successful SGS Quality and Quantity report at the Sellers terminal, the buyer makes 100 % payment for the product by SWIFT MT103 . Seller transfers title of the product to the buyer, henceforth the buyer is the owner of the product .
5. Commission is paid within 24hrs to facilitators and intermediary subsequent to payment.

This Escrow account FOB Procedure have been negotiated for real buyers with fund and who are scared to follow the tank to tank procedure . The seller also do bank to bank with SBLC ( non transfers and non divisible ) but escrow gives 3 rd party assurance .

** REFINERY ** 9 ** EN 590 ** 10PPM

Departure port: Kozmino, Primorsk, Nakhodkaports
• Minimum quantity : 10,000 MT
• Quotation : Gross $ – Net $ (upon request)
• The product already contains additives

CIF MEDITERRANEAN SEA – EN590 10 PPM PROCEDURE

1. Buyer issues Irrevocable Corporate Purchase Order ( ICPO ) with seller procedures.
2. Seller issues the Takeover of contract for review and endorsement by all parties.
3. Seller issues Proof of Product and Shipping documents as listed below:
A. Certificate of Origin
B. Company License to Export
C. Product Passport ( Dip Test Result )
D. Bill of Lading
E. Vessel’s Q88
F. Tax Registration Certificate
G. Invoice for 10% TT Payment
4. Upon receipt of the above documents by the buyer, buyer makes 10% payment for the Allocation Security Guarantee Deposit of the cargo payable to the Refinery nominated escrow account via T/T Wire transfer.
5. Upon receipt of the above payment of the vessel Allocation Security Guarantee Deposit, the Ownership Certificate will be issued and remaining Proof of Product and shipping documents will be sent to the buyer alongside the SGS Report at the loading port while the course of the vessel will be re-routed to the current buyer’s discharge port.
6. Upon arrival of the vessel at Discharge Port, the vessel captain will hand over all the original POP documents to the buyer’s representative while buyer pays for the total contract after SGS, CIQ or equivalent inspection at the discharge port via T/T Wire transfer and the re-routing fee will be deducted while offloading will commence immediately.

** REFINERY ** 10 ** EURO DIESEL ** EN 590

We are pleased to offer Eurodiesel EN590 Ultra Low Sulphur Diesel 10 / 50 ppm from one of the Sellers that we work with under CIF ASWP delivery basis .
PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS OFFER IS ONLY FOR CIF DELIVERY BASIS
THERE ARE NO UPFRONT PAYMENTS
USE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT IS REQUIRED
SELLER OFFERS 2 % PERFORMANCE BOND
EURODIESEL EN590
Quality : Ultra Low Sulphur 10 / 50 ppm Sulphur
Price CIF ASWP : ( ASK QUOTATION ) US $ per MT Gross / US $ per MT Net
Quantity : Minimum 50.000 MT then up to 400.000 MT per month x 12 months
Commission:
US $ 10.00 per MT paid by SELLER shared
– Seller Side US $ 5.00 per MT ( CLOSED )
– Buyer Side US $ 5.00 per MT ( OPEN ) shared as per completed NCND / IMFPA.
Origin: Russian Federation
Delivery: CIF – Rotterdam o ASWP

TRANSACTION PROCEDURES

Seller Mandate issues Soft Offer to Buyer .
Buyer issues an ICPO with wording that mirrors the Soft Offer , with Company profile , Company Registration and full banking coordinates, along with passport photo and NCND / IMFPA already completed by Buyer Mandate and signed by Buyer and Buyer Side Group and passed to Seller Side for completion, Seller then issues Draft Contract open for amendments, along with fully completed and signed NCND / IMFPA to Buyer .
Buyer countersigns and seals the Contract and sends via Email to Seller .
Buyer issues MT 799 Unblocked Funds three days after receiving signed Contract from Seller .
Seller issues PPOP ( Partial Proof of Product ) which will consist of the following documents :
Certificate of Origin
Product Passport
Statement of product availability
Buyer issues inoperative, Non Transferable, SBLC / DLC ( choice of Buyer ).
Seller issues 2 % Performance Bond to activate the SBLC / DLC .
Seller to provide Full Proof of Product, which will include:
Statement of Product availability
Product Certificate of Origin
Refinery Commitment to Supply
Registration Document to Export
Product Passport ( Dip Test Result )
Tank Storage Receipt
Chemical Analysis Report
Ship arrives at Destination Port and conduct inspection on the goods and buyer release payment via MT103 / TT to seller bank after inspection at Destination Port 100% payable for each shipment within 2 banking days upon the cargo passed SGS, BL and Commercial Invoice .
Documents from shipping on board vessel . ( To be issued after loading )
After SGS inspection at Discharge Port, within 2 Banking days, Buyer shall make TT payment to Seller’s account .
After confirmation of receipt of payment Seller shall instruct ship’s captain to discharge cargo .
Seller sends the title ownership documents to Buyer .
Seller pays commission .
Please note that Spot transactions are not offered and this offer is strictly for CIF delivery .
We are unable to change or alter the procedure in any way at all so please we request that only those who intend to take the offer as provided are to contact us .

** REFINERY ** 11 ** FOB ** CI ** DIP & PAY

FOB CI DIP & PAY PROCEDURE

1. DIESEL FUEL EN 590 ( ULSD 10 PPM )
20.000 MT – 100.000 MT Liftable
Price : $ Gross / $ Net per MT ( ask quotation )

2. DIESEL D6 VIRGIN LOW POUR FUEL OIL
50.000.000 Gallons – 400.000.000 Gallons Liftable
Price : $ Gross/ $ Net per Gallon ( ask quotation )

3. DIESEL D2 GASOIL L 0.2 62 GOST 305 82
20.000 MT – 100.000 MT Liftable
Price : $ Gross / $ Net per MT ( ask quotation )

4. AVIATION KEROSENE COLONIAL GRADE 54 ( JET FUEL JP54 )
500.000 BBL – 2.500.000 BBL Liftable
Price : $ Gross / $ Net per BBL

5. JET FUEL A 1
300.000 BBL – 2.000.000 BBL Liftable
Price : $ Gross / $ Net per BBL

6. MAZUT M100 GOST 10585 75
20.000 MT – 100.000 MT Liftable
Price: $ Gross / $ Net per MT

ADDITIONAL DETAILS

ORIGIN : RUSSIAN FEDERATION
GRADE : STANDARD EXPORT GRADE AND QUALITY
SPECIFICATION : STANDARD EXPORT QUALITY
COMMISSION STRUCTURE : 50 % BUYER SIDE / 50% SELLER SIDE . DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE GROSS PRICE & THE NET PRICE
CONTRACT TERM : SPOT + 12 MONTHS CONTRACT WITH POSSIBLE ROLLOVER & EXTENSION
PAYMENT TERM T / T & MT 103
DELIVERY TERMS : PRODUCTS ALREADY STORED IN SELLER’S LEASED TANKS AT THE BELOW RESPECTIVE PORTS
FOB PORTS : ROTTERDAM, HOUSTON, NOVOROSSIYSK, UST-LUGA, PRIMORSK & VLADIVOSTOK

STANDARD PROCEDURE 1

1. Buyer issues ICPO along with Buyer’s company certificate of registration
2. Seller issues Commercial Invoice ( C I ) to Buyer . Buyer signs and returns
3. Seller provides to Buyer the below POP Documents via email:
* Tank Storage Receipt ( T S R ) with verifiable bar code
* Authorization to Verify ( A T V ) to contact the Tank Operator Company and verify the product in Seller’s tank
* Product Passport Q & Q ( Analytical Report in Seller’s tank, conducted and issued by the Tank Operator Authorized Laboratory )
* Certificate of Statement of Product Availability with the tank location & coordinate
* Unconditional Dip Test Authorization ( D T A ) with Tank Number, Tank Coordinate and Tank Operator full contact details
4. Buyer contacts the Tank Operator Company with the ATV for verification and upon successful verification & confirmation, Buyer sends the DTA to the Tank Operator Company and in return requests for the Inspection Form , Compulsory Entrance Inspection Permit, Security
Clearance Accreditation and Appointment Letter for physical access & entrance into their storage facility from the Tank Operator Company to conduct dip test on the product in Seller’s leased tanks .
5. Seller legalizes the Commercial Invoice with the Authorities in Charge and sends to Buyer the legalized the Commercial Invoice, the Change of Ownership Title & Allocation Documents, Authorization to Sell & Collect [ ATSC ] and the Allocation Passport Certificate [ APC ] respectively
and signs NCNDA / IMFPA between all intermediaries involved with the notarized copy sent to Seller’s bank.
6. Buyer conducts Dip Test & upon successful Dip Test, Buyer sends Its Exit Tank Details or Exit Vessel Details for injection, while Seller injects the product into Buyer’s exit tank / vessel. Buyer makes payment by MT 103 or TT wire transfer for the total product available, Seller release to the Buyer all relevant Documents relating to the exportation of the product such as Bill of Lading, SGS Report, Injection Report, Certificate of Origin, etc.
7. Seller pays all intermediaries involved in the transaction .

STANDARD PROCEDURE 2

1. Buyer sends ICPO, Company Registration Certificate along with Buyer’s Tank Storage Agreement ( TSA ) from their tank operator company ( with the exact product name and quantity as stated on their ICPO ) in Word Format as proof of storage availability and readiness for the transaction and send it along with their Authorization to Verify ( ATV ) to confirm their TSA, storage availability and readiness .
2. Seller confirms and signs Buyer’s TSA as their Supplier and issues the Commercial Invoice ( CI ) for the requested quantity to Buyer, Buyer signs and returns to Seller along with Buyer’s ATV for Seller to confirm Buyer’s TSA and readiness for Dip Test and Injection of the product into Buyer’s exit tank .
3. Seller issues the Notice of Readiness ( NOR ) Letter to Buyer for Injection of the product into Buyer’s exit tank upon successful dip test in Seller’s tank . Buyer and Buyer’s tank operator company ( tank farm ) signs and returns the Notice of Readiness ( NOR ) Letter .
4. Upon confirmation of Buyer’s readiness by receiving the signed Notice of Readiness ( NOR ) by Buyer and its tank farm, Seller issues the following POP Documents :
a. Certificate of Statement of Product Availability with the tank location & coordinate
b. Tank Storage Receipt ( T.S.R ) with verifiable bar code
c. Unconditional Dip Test Authorization ( DTA ) with Tank Number, Tank Coordinate and Tank Operator full contact details
d. Authorization to Verify ( A.T.V ) to contact the Tank Operator Company and verify the product in Seller’s tank
5. Buyer contacts the Tank Operator Company with the ATV and DTA
The Tank Operator Company sends the Fresh SGS report to Buyer along with the Inspection Form, Compulsory Entrance Inspection Permit, Security Clearance Accreditation and Appointment Letter for physical access & entrance by Buyer and Buyer’s delegates / inspection team into their storage facility to conduct dip test on the product in Seller’s leased tanks .
6. Buyer conducts Dip Test & upon successful Dip Test, Seller injects the product into Buyer’s tank . Buyer makes payment by MT103 or TT wire transfer for the total product available . Seller pays all intermediaries involved in the transaction.Price lists are negotiable. If the terms and procedure is acceptable, Buyer should issue their official ICPO addressed to ROS on Buyer’s company letterhead with complete identification of Principal Buyer, contact details fully signed, stamped and sealed along with Buyer’s company registration certificate.

EXAMPLES OF TECHNICAL SHEETS:

Russian Aviation Kerosene, Colonial Grade 54

Fuel Russian Aviation Kerosene JP54

Russian diesel oil EN 590 10 PPM

Fuel Russian Diesel Oil EN 590 10 PPM

Russian Gasoil diesel D2 L0

Fuel Russian Gasoil Diesel D2 L0

Russian virgin low pour diesel fuel oil D6

Fuel Russian Virgin Low pour Diesel Fuel Oil D6

Fuel ultra low sulfur diesel 10 PPM

Fuel ultra low sulfur diesel 10 PPM

Russian A1 Specs

Fuel Russian A1 Specs

LINKS AND ARTICLES:

FUEL Wikipedia
FUELS Wikipedia
FOSSIL FUEL Wikipedia
FUEL GAS Wikipedia
LIQUID FUEL Wikipedia
SOLID FUEL Wikipedia
ALTERNATIVE FUEL Wikipedia
SYNTHETIC FUEL Wikipedia
PETROLEUM Wikipedia
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Wikipedia
SGS GROUP : inspection, verification, testing and certification
TANK FARM (wikipedia)
TANK FARM VOPAK
TANK FARM SBD LOGISTIEK BV
TANK FARM TECHNOPORT-BV
PETROLEUM LIQUIDS – SAMPLING : Taxation and Customs Union – Italian language
FISCO OGGI – Bunkering of petroleum products Italian language
MARKET AND LOGISTIS OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS – Italian Ministry of Economic Development – Italian Language
Italian Ministry of Economic Development – New method for calculating fuels average weekly price – Italian Language
Italian Ministry of Economic Development – FUELS MARKET – Fuels prices in Italy and Europe – Italian Language
I.S.P.R.A. – SPILLS OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS : security and control of maritime transport – Italian Language
INCOTERMS 2010 Wikipedia
INCOTERMS 2010
MAIN DOCUMENTS TO USE ON THE FOREIGN MARKET
THE DELIVERY AND THE QUALITY OF THE GOODS
MENTIONS ABOUT THE ORIGIN OF THE GOODS
CUSTOM GLOSSARY

OIL, OILS VEGETABLE OILS

OIL , OILS & VEGETABLE OILS

Oil Oils Sunflower Corn Palm Soya Rapeseed refined crude

OIL , OILS , VEGETABLE OILS , FOOD USE AND BIO FUEL / BIODIESEL

IBS has direct relationships with the official sellers’ mandates of Refineries in Ukraine, Russia, Malaysia, Philippines, Europe ( Bulgaria, Romania, etc.) and other producing countries of the following products:

Sunflower oil refined – Sunflower oil crude
Corn oil refined – Corn oil crude
Soya bean oil refined – Soya bean oil crude
Palm oil refined – Palm oil crude
Rapeseed oil refined – Rapeseed oil crude
Rapeseed oil degummed
PALM METHYL ESTER
PALM RBD – CP 8 / CP 10
UCO OIL ( used cooking oil )

For simplicity, the following information only concern products of origin Ukraine, Russia, Malaysia and Philippines and they include information concerning the chemical analysis of some products and their purchasing procedure.

Instead, if you are interested in fuels and petroleum products, go to the FUELS and PETROLEUM PRODUCTS page

PRICES / HOW TO ASK FOR A QUOTATION :

Our prices are very competitive compared to the market value. To facilitate an accurate quotation, please send a request with data concerning quantity and quality, as they are necessary to make an Offer.
Please send a request through the contacts page below. Thank you for your cooperation.

contact IBS by mail

SELLER 1 ( REFINERY, PRODUCTER, SUPPLIER )

GENERAL CONDITIONS :

QUANTITY : 2.000 MT ( metric tons ) – 25.000 MT ( metric tons )
CONTRACT DURATION : The Contract will have a duration of 12 months with possible roll and extensions
PACKAGING : bulk, flexitank, bottles ( 1, 2, 5 litri )
ORIGIN : Ukraine, Russia, Malaysia
PORT : CIF port ( Cost, Insurance and Freight )
SPECIFICATION : European Standard Specification
INSPECTION : Recognized Independent Surveyor for Quantity & Quality at seller cost ( SGS )
PERFORMANCE BOND : 2,00% PBG ( performance bond guarantee )

PRODUCTS:

SUNFLOWER OIL CRUDE – SUNFLOWER OIL REFINED
CORN OIL CRUDE – CORN OIL REFINED
SOYA BEAN OIL CRUDE – SOYA BEAN OIL REFINED
PALM OIL CRUDE – PALM OIL REFINED
RAPESEED OIL CRUDE – RAPESEED OIL REFINED
RAPESEED OIL DEGUMMED
PALM METHYL ESTER
PALM RBD – CP 8 / CP 10
UCO OIL ( used cooking oil )

PROCEDURES :

1) The Buyer issues the LOI or ICPO with banking detail + RWA of the bank.
2) Seller issues the contract to buyer and the buyer signs the document and returns to Seller’s Mandate for acceptance.
3) The Buyer have 5 working days for sign and return the Contract to Seller’s Mandate which sends it to the Seller.
4) The Seller shall check and countersign the Draft Contract for acceptance.
5) Together with the signed CTR, the Buyer will instruct his bank to issue the Swift MT799 with SBLC / BG confirmed by letter guarantee for one monthly supply, will send it to the Seller’s bank for verification, and will send the receipt of this financial instrument to the Seller’s Mandate.
6) Upon this step the Seller’s Bank shall send pre advice and POP with swift 799 to Buyer Bank.
7) Seller shall start the loading process in 15 / 20 working days.
8) After delivery of the documents unloading, the seller’s bank send buyer’s bank via swift, the buyer will pay with Swift MT103 T/T in accordance from Buyer’s Bank and Seller’s Bank, in destination port.

PAYMENT TERM
Upon the signature of the Agreement, we have this methods of payment:
Buyer send ICPO + RWA , the seller send contract
The buyer’s bank send the Swift SBLC / BG confirmed by letter guarantee for one monthly supply to Seller’s Bank
Loading of the first month within 10 / 15 working days from receipt of the financial instrument by Buyer ’s bank
Each and every subsequent of shipment shall be loaded or destination, as per attached delivery schedule, upon receipt of full payment via Swift MT 103 T/T payable after inspection and send document bank to bank, for an amount equivalent to the relevant invoiced quantity value.

LOADING DOCUMENTS :
1) Bill of Landing
2) Signed Commercial Invoice ( Including Packing Details )
3) SGS Certificate of Quality
4) SGS Certificate of Quantity
5) SGS Certificate of Origin
6) Certificate of Insurance
7) Packing List

PROCEDURE CRUDE SUNFLOWER OIL

All Necessary Documents / Certificates shall come along with the Consignment to Buyer’s Port of Delivery.
Delivery Period : Within 10/15 working days after receipt of payment instrument to the Seller Bank

PAYMENT TERM
Upon the signature of the Agreement, we have this methods of payment :
Buyer send ICPO + BCL , the seller send contract.
The buyer’s Bank send the Swift SBLC / BG , confirmed by letter guarantee for one monthly supply to Seller’s Bank.
Loading of the first month, within 10 / 15 working days from receipt of the financial instrument by Buyer ’s bank. Each and every subsequent of shipment shall be loaded or destination, as per attached delivery schedule, upon receipt of full payment via swift MT 103 T/T payable after inspection and send document bank to bank, for an amount equivalent to the relevant invoiced quantity value.
The Seller’s Bank shall send PB ( performance bond guarantee ) 2 % with Swift MT799

LOADING DOCUMENTS :
1) Bill of Landing
2) Signed Commercial Invoice ( Including Packing Details )
3) SGS Certificate of Quality
4) SGS Certificate of Quantity
5) SGS Certificate of Origin
6) Certificate of Insurance
7) Packing list
Target delivery date : within 15 / 20 days of receipt CTR signed and SBLC / BG

PROCEDURES :

1) The Buyer issues the ICPO with banking detail + BCL of the primary top bank
2) Seller issues the contract to buyer and the buyer signs the document and returns to Seller’s Agents for acceptance.
3)The Buyer have 5 working days for sign and return the Contract to Seller’s Agent which sends it to the Seller.
4) The Seller shall check and countersign the Draft Contract for acceptance.
5) Together with the signed CTR , the Buyer will instruct his bank to issue the Swift MT799 with SBLC / BG confirmed by letter guarantee for one monthly supply and send it to the Seller’s bank for verification will send the receipt of this financial instrument to the Seller’s Agent.
6) Upon this step the Seller’s Bank shall send PB ( performance bond guarantee ) 2% and complete Proof of Product ( POP ) with Swift MT799 to the buyer’s bank.
7) Seller shall start the loading process in 15 / 20 working days
8) After delivery of the documents loading, the seller’s bank send buyer’s bank via swift, the buyer will pay with swift MT 103 T/T in accordance from buyer’s bank and seller’s bank, in destination port.

SELLER 2 ( REFINERY, PRODUCER, SUPPLIER )

PRODUCT: SUNFLOWER REFINED ORIGIN UKRAINE / RUSSIA

TYPE : refined
ORIGIN : Russian / Ukraine
CONTRACT : Annual
MINIMUM QUANTITY : 500 MT / monthly
PACKAGING : in bottle of 1 / 2 / 5 liters, in Flexi Tank, in BULK
QUALITY : High quality
SPOT : No
PRICE : ask for quotation

CHARACTERISTICS SUNFLOWER REFINED
Specific gravity @ 25C USP 0.915 – 0.920
Iodine value USP 110 – 143
Saponification Value USP 188 – 19
Free fatty acids USP < 2.0 mL of 0.02 N NaOH
Color Gardner AOCS Td la-64 3 max
Appearance Pale yellow, bright & clear oily liquid
Odor Bland and odorless
TYPICAL FATTY ACID COMPOSITION ( % ) C14:0 <0.5 C18:2 20 – 75
C16:0 3.0 – 10 C18:3<1.5
C16:1 < 1.0 C20:0 <1.0
Grade Highest oil process Mechanical ( expeller ) pressing

PRODUCT: SUNFLOWER REFINED ORIGIN MALAYSIA

TYPE : refined
ORIGIN : Malaysia – Philippines
AGREEMENT : Annual
MINIMUM QUANTITY : 500 MT / monthly
PACKAGING : in bottle of 1 / 2 / 5 liters, in Flexi Tank, in BULK
QUALITY : High quality
SPOT : No
PRICE : ask for quotation

CHARACTERISTICS SUNFLOWER REFINED ORIGIN MALAYSIA
Quality : Fit for human consumption, free from foreign matter any other oil or animal fats
Transparency : Pure, without precipitate
Smell and flavor : Flavor of genuine oil, without any alien smell
Color value, Mg iodine, not more than: 1
Acid value, Mg, not more than: 0,05
Peroxide value, ½ O Millimole / Kg, not more than: 0,5
Moisture and volatile matter, % no more than: 0,05
Max content of phosphoric matters, %, not more than : Null
Insoluble impurities, %, not more than : Null
Soap ( Qualitative Test ) : Null
Wax and wax-like substance : Null

DATASHEET MALAYSIAN OIL
Physical Characteristics :
Physical State : Liquid
Appearance : Light Yellow, Clear and Brilliant
Taste : Bland
Odor : Bland
Color : 5 – 15.5 Yellow / 0.6- 2.0 Red
Quality Standards :
Free Fatty Acid % 0.05 – 0.1%
Peroxide Value meq / kg : 0.5 – 1.0 meq / kg
Refractive Index @ 40oC: 1.4666 – 1.47
Iodine Value ( Wijs ) : 123 -139
Moisture % 0.05 – 0.1 %
Cold test : 5.5 hrs
OSI @ 11oC:5.5 – 6.0 hrs
Saponification Value : 191 – 192
Specific Gravity @ 25oC: 0.915 – 0.925
Smoke Point : 460 – 465 °F
Flash Point 650 – 655 °F
Fire Point 690 – 695 °F
Typical Fatty Acid Profile ( Major Acids ):
C14: 0 Myristic 0.1%
C16:0 Palmitic 8.0 – 14.0 %
C16:1 Palmitoleic 0.0 – 0.2 %
C17:1 9 Heptadecenoic 0.00-0.1 %
C18:0 Stearic 3.0 – 5.0 %
C18:1 Oleic 20.0 – 32.0 %
C18:2 Linoleic 47.0 – 57.0 %
C18:3 Linolenic 5.8 – 8.2 %
C20.0 Arachidic 0.1 – 0.5 %
C20:1 Eicosenoic 0.2 – 0.3 %
C 22:0 Bwehenic 0.2 %
C24:0 Lignoceric 0.0 – 0.1 %
Total Saturated Acids: 8.16.0 %
Total Monounsaturated Acids : 23.5 – 32.4 %
Total Polyunsaturated 52.8 – 62.2 %

PRODUCT : SUNFLOWER CRUDE ORIGIN UKRAINE / RUSSIA

TYPE : crude
ORIGIN : Russian / Ukraine
CONTRACT : Annual
MINIMUM QUANTITY : 500 MT ( metric tonnes ) / monthly
PACKAGING : in bottle of 1 / 2 / 5 liters, in Flexi Tank, in BULK
QUALITY : High quality
SPOT : No
PRICE : ask for quotation

CHARACTERISTICS CRUDE SUNFLOWER ORIGIN UKRAINE
FFA ( percent ) NEN – EN – ISO 660 max 3.0
Moisture ( percent ) NEN – EN – ISO 662 max 0
Oil does not contain water – Microbiological Safety 0
Impurities ( percent ) NEN – EN – ISO 663
Relative density at 20Oc – NEN 6311
Colour Lovibond ( 5 188 inch ) NEN 6308
Iodine value ( g 12 / 100 g ) NEN – EN – ISO 3961
Saponification value 180
Refractive index, 40°C 1.4770
Specific weight, 20°C 0.9165 – 0.9180
Peroxide Value at loading ( meq / kg ) NEN – EN – ISO 3960
Phosphor number 0,40 %
Flash point °C – Min 121 °C
Grade Highest oil process Mechanical ( expeller ) pressing

NOTES

1. The prices listed on this catalog / list are indicative and can be changed at any time
2. The prices indicated are net and therefore do not include fees and charges, commissions for mandates and facilitators
3. The price indicated do not include taxes and special fees ( EURO T1, SSMO certifications, Chinese certifications, etc.)
4. A maximum over price of 1% is allowed. After this threshold, the excess over price will be subdivided to 50 % with the seller
5. Prices are CIF. FOB prices are not possible
6. It is not possible to make spot supplies. Only contracts with a minimum duration of 12 months .
7. Trial is exclusively within the contract
8. You can not make external trial and subsequently the contract
9. The custom buyer’s texture is only allowed on supplies of more than 1.500 tons per month
10. The buyer prepares labels on indication of the seller and sends it to the seller to apply to the packaging.
11. Alternatively, the seller, on the recommendation of the buyers can purchase labels and applies them on the packaging, with an additional fee of 5 USD / MT
12. NO ADVANCE PAYMENT
13. The buyer’s warranty, on the successful completion of the contract, must be of a SBLC with a minimum 6 month supply, revolving, non-transferable, non-divisible value. ( This depends on the type of supply ). For minimal supplies, the warranty can also be 12 months of delivery
14. Payment is only made by bank transfer ( MT103 ) to the port of discharge, after SGS verification.
15. With the payment to the port of discharge, the seller only delivers a P.B. ( performance bond ) of 1 %. If payment is at the port of charge, then the seller delivers a P.B. ( performance bond ) of 2%.
16. Payment methods are essential, binding and non-modifiable as the first delivery. For subsequent supplies, different solutions can be studied
17. The technical data of the individual products, may vary depending on the period, as the production varies depending on the collection and processing of the product
18. The highlighted quantities of supply depend on warehousing and production logistics
19. Sunflower is a plant that produces seeds from which oil is extracted. The oil color varies depending on the environmental factors of the period. (sun, rain, etc.)
20. The documentation available before the contract is the one shown in this catalog. No other documentation is provided before the supply contract.
21. The POP product test or other documentation is provided after signing the contract
22. Any sampling, it is only shipped after signing the contract
23. The contract provides a clause that before any transaction, the buyer must provide proof of funds ( RWA ) and the seller, a test product ( POP )
24. The seller will pay commissions payable to the seller side, to only 1 paymaster
25. This catalog can not be used as the official source for the definition of a contract
26. Send an email to seller, by the buyer’s official representative with all the specifications for the request and a technical datasheet of the requested product
27. The seller will respond with an official FCO ( full corporate offer )
28. Request always an official FCO with SCO ( soft corporate offer ) for price and official sales procedures
29. The FCO has a natural deadline. After that date it is impossible to use them
30. For any information please do not hesitate to contact us

GENERAL INFORMATION

Vegetable oils are liquid fats extracted from a plant. Even though oil can be extracted by different parts of a plant, it is extracted mainly from the seeds . Vegetable oils have many different uses. The most important one is cooking. Oils can give pastries a crumbly texture, they can give flavour to dishes or carry it, as many of the chemical substances that produce flavours are soluble in oil. Moreover, they can be used to cook other foods, in this case, however, they are supposed to have a higher flash point. Tropical oils, for instance, have a high flash point, that is way they are very appreciated in Asian cultures for cooking at high temperatures . Oil can also be used to make personal care products, such as cosmetics, soap, candles and perfumes as well as for painting and wood treatment .

Vegetable oils are increasingly used in the electrical industry as insulators for three main reasons: they are not toxic, they are biodegradable, and they have a high fire point. Rancidity is a limiting factor for the industrial use of oil, and it occurs when the oil is exposed to oxygen, more stable oils are thus preferred for industrial use. Furthermore, another use of vegetable oils is the production of biodiesel .
According to an NNFCC estimation, when vegetable oils are used in place of fossil fuel-based alternatives for fuel production, the total greenhouse gas emission ranges from 18 to 100% .

SUNFLOWER OIL

Sunflower oil is extracted from the seeds of sunflower. Seeds, in fact, contain oil for 22% to 36%. Such oil is often used for frying or as an emollient. It has a light yellow color and a soft flavour. It mainly contains vitamin E, sterols and squalene . In 2014, Ukraine and Russia were the world sunflower oil largest producers and the world’s total production was nearly sixteen million tons. In recent years, there has been an increase in the demand of sunflower oil. The creation of hybrid sunflowers is an example of the measures being adopted in order to satisfy this demand.

LINKS AND ARTICLES

Vegetable oil (wikipedia)
Sunflower oil (wikipedia)
Corn oil (wikipedia)
Soybean oil ( wikipedia )
Palm oil (wikipedia)
Rapeseed oil (wikipedia)
UCO (used cooking oil – wikipedia)
PALM METHYL ESTER
PALM RBD – CP 8 / CP 10
Saponification ( wikipedia )
SGS inspection services
Certificates and Certification bodies RED CERT : ( Agriculture and Bio Fuels )
Pure vegetable oil traceability
PDF vegetable oils
Sustainable palm oil
SBLC – Standby Letter of Credit
BG – bank guarantee – ( Investopedia )
Performance Bond ( wikipedia)
MT103 ( wikipedia )
ICPO (irrevocable corporate purchase order )
INCOTERMS (wikipedia)
INCOTERMS 2010
MAIN DOCUMENTS TO BE USED ON THE FOREIGN MARKET
THE DELIVERY AND THE QUALITY OF THE GOODS
MENTIONS ABOUT THE ORIGIN OF THE GOODS
CUSTOM GLOSSARY

OIL – CRUDE SUNFLOWER OIL CSFO DATA SHEET

oil - crude sunflower oil CSFO data sheet

OIL – CRUDE PALM OIL CPO DATA SHEET

oil oils - crude palm oil CPO data sheet

OIL – PHILIPPINE OIL DATA SHEET

oil - philippine oil data sheet

OIL – LOGISTIC INFORMATIONS

oil - logistic information

OIL – LACON QUALITY CERTIFICATION 1

oil - lacon quality certification

OIL – LACON QUALITY CERTIFICATION 2

oil - lacon quality certification 2

OIL – RED CERT AGRICULTURAL AND BIOFUEL CERTIFICATION

oil - Red Cert agricultural and biofuel Certification

OIL- SQAS SAFETY & QUALITY ASSESSMENT FOR SUSTAINABILITY CERTIFICATION

oil - SQAS Safety & Quality Assessment for Sustainability certification

contact IBS by mail

Wine Wines Wine Cellars Oltrepo Pavese

Wine, Wines, Wine Cellars Oltrepo Pavese

cantina vino vini presentazione

IBS is pleased to introduce high-quality wines from top Wine Cellars, origin from Oltrepo’ Pavese in Italy.
For further information please contact us.

HISTORY

When my grandfather began “to make wine cellar “ the grape came collected in large wicker hampers, transported with a wagon hauled from oxen and pressed, in wine cellar, with the feet. All job was manual, simple and laborious.

cantina vinicola storia

PHILOSOPHY

The Oltrepo Pavese Wine cellars revives the born dream born a century ago: transforming the grapes produced from the vineyards in good and genuine wines, propose to old and new friends, than they know them to appreciate. Our more valuable grapes come cured using willow coppers in order to support the lives and filters with bags of juta in order conserving of all the organoleptic properties. The collection of all the products still comes carried out rigorously by hand.

cantina vinicola filosofia

AREAS

In origin of “alta Valle Versa” (south area of the Oltrepo Pavese) grow wheat, corn and fruit trees.
The arrival of blots some agricultural has given one carried out decidedly to the development grapes of this area. The crawler track tractor, for example, allowed to hoe and to transport goodses. The systems of the vineyards are therefore multiply and replacing many cultivations.
The territory, definitely suited for white wines such as the Moscato and the Pinot, instead was mainly cultivated with red grapes, which Barbera, Croatina and partially Rare Grape, because it was use in every family to produce in just the wine from drink.
Sure dominant today are the black Pinot and gray one, the Chardonnay, the Moscato di Volpara and the Riesling, Italico and Renano. Barbera and Croatina however have maintained one they good territorial presence.

cantina vinicola zona

The Moscato di Volpara

The Moscato di Volpara, only and precious wine, today is the spearhead of the Oltrepo’ Pavese Wine cellar. The territory has been sure of great aid but all the rest has had to the job, to the search and the experimentation.
The choice of the best suited among those vines, the strictly manual harvesting carried out only at the height of ripeness, the management of must and its fermentation, a slow and taken care of filtration, periodicals control with analytical and organoleptic tests aiming to always obtain the best to us from every vintage year for being able at last to bottle, with pride, this jewel golden very knowing as the engagement will be appreciated and gratified from the more and more numerous ones and becomes attached friends and customers to you.

cantina vino moscato di volpara

Red Wines

vini red wines - wine cellar

O.P. BARBERA
Made from 100% selected Barbera grapes, this deep ruby red wine has a vinous, intense scent and a dry, full and agreeable palate. It is an ideal pairing for rich starters and roast beef.
Serving temperature: 16° – 18°C.

RIVA ROSSA
Strongly structured noble red wine made from carefully selected Barbera grapes. Oak barrel (barriques) aged, RIVA ROSSA is an ideal pairing for roast beef, braised meats and game. Best served at room
temperature, the bottle should be uncorked a few hours earlier.

ROSSO RUBINO
Sweet red wine made from Croatina grapes (100%).
The wine thus obtained is immediately filtered in order to prevent the sugars from evolving into alcohol. It is an ideal dessert wine, dry and full bodied, with notes of wild strawberry.
Best served chilled.

O.P. BONARDA
Deep ruby red wine and intensely scented wine made from pure Croatina grapes.
The palate is full and soft with a persistent bitter almond note.
It is an ideal pairing for Italian style cold cuts, Braised meat sauce ravioli, lasagna, mixed boiled meats and unripened cheeses.
Serving temperature: 16° – 18° C.

LA CENFRASCA
This peculiar Bonarda is an excellent wine made with the grapes from low yielding, old vines. The favorable exposure and a good ripening level make this wine really special.
Cenfrasca is the anagram of the Cellar owner’s daughter, Francesca.

O.P. BUTTAFUOCO
Noble, very deep ruby red wine made by blending Croatina, Barbera and Uva Rara grapes. It is harmonious, well- rounded, scented and greatly structured and an ideal pairing for red
meats and game.
Serving temperature: 16°-18° C.

VINACERO
Made from Pinot Noir grapes vinified red, this wine has a really fine and noble palate, faded red color and is made with the grapes from our “Gorre” vineyard.
Refined for 6/8 months in oak “barriques” (barrels), its name, VINACERO, is the anagram of the Cellar owner’s daughter: Veronica.

O.P. BARBERA
Made from 100% selected Barbera grapes, this deep ruby red wine has a vinous, intense scent and a dry, full and agreeable palate. It is an ideal pairing for rich starters and roast beef.
Serving temperature: 16° – 18°C.
This is the not sparkling version of Barbera.

White Wines

vini white wines - wine cellar

O.P. PINOT NERO
Made from Pinot noir (85%) and Chardonnay (15%) grapes, vinified white and undergoing natural bottle fermentation. It is a fresh, fragrant and delicate allcourse wine. Ideal to be shared with friends, it is best served at 7° – 8° C.

O.P. RIESLING ITALICO
White wine made from 80% Italic Riesling grapes and 20% Rhine Riesling variety. It features typical greenish hues, a fragrant, harmonious and persistent taste. It is an ideal pairing for fish starters, vegetable dishes and “frittate”.
Serving temperature: 7° – 8° C.

CROSE’
Rosé wine made from Pinot Noir grapes vinified rosé. It has a great scent with peculiar bread crust notes. Ideally paired with fried fish and shellfish.
Serving temperature: 7° – 8° C.

O.P. CHARDONNAY
White aromatic dry wine made from 100% Chardonnay grapes, it has a straw yellow color and very persistent and intense scents. It is an ideal pairing for fish-based antipasti (appetizers) and seafood.
Serving temperature 7°-8° C.

PINOT GRIGIO
White wine, full, yellow pale, with delicate fragrance and pleasantly soft flavor. A fully ripe stand notes of nuts and honey. It is excellent to accompany dishes like mushrooms, fish and seafood.
Serving temperature 7°-8° C.

LACLIMA
Still, fresh and delicate Chardonnay, Oak barrel (barriques) aged, LACLIMA is made with the grapes from our “Prumù” vineyards. Very elegant and refined, it is an ideal pairing for fish dishes. LACLIMA is the anagram of the Cellar owner’s daughter: Camilla.

Sparkling Wines

vini sparkling wines - wine cellar

PINOT SPUMANTE CHARMAT (SPARKLING)
“IL FIERO”
Made from Pinot Noir grapes, vinified white by Charmat method. It is a faded straw yellow colored spumante wine with light copper hues. The perlage is rich, lively and persistent, the palate is dry and
velvety with an agreeable slightly acid note.

ROSE’ SPUMANTE CHARMAT “LA PIETTA” (SPARKLING)
Made from Pinot Noir grapes, vinified pink by Charmat method. It is a faded straw “rosè” colored spumante wine with light copper hues. The perlage is rich, lively and persistent, the palate is dry and velvety with an agreeable slightly acid note.

PINOT SPUMANTE BRUT (SPARKLING)
METODO CLASSICO
Made from Pinot Noir grapes (85%) and Chardonnay grapes (15%) vinified white by classic method “Champenois”. It is an “important” highly elegant and refined spumante. This BRUT is an ideal pairing for fish based antipasti (appetizers), shellfish and seafood.

The Moscato di Volpara

vini wine cellar moscato di volpara

MOSCATO DI VOLPARA TRADIZIONALE
Due to its peculiar territory-influenced features, the Moscato di Volpara wines is considered one of the most fragrant, scented and delicate Oltrepò Pavese wines. For this reason we consider this wine our leding product. It is a perfect wine to be offered to friends in all occasions to exalt dessert and fruit, peach especially. Now also available in the small version 0,375 Lt.

MOSCATO DI VOLPARA (SPARKLING)
SPUMANTE
This Charmat method spumante in obtained by secondary fermentation in autoclave and keeps all the typical features of traditional spumante unaltered. Il Volpara has a fine perlage and rich froth and is best served chilled, in wide cups in order to exalt its fragrance.

MOSCATO DI VOLPARA PASSITO
Made from Moscato grapes left to dry on the wine stocks until late November. After vinification the wine is left to rest in the barrel for a full year. Rich with aromatic structure and a unique and delicate palate, this wine is a perfect pairing for strong cheeses and an ideal after-dinner choice.
It is a very exclusive product, only 500 bottles for year.

cantina vinicola distributori

Contacts

contact IBS by mail